Deuteronomy 26


Commitment to the priests and to God 1
Prayer with the third year's tithe 12
Covenant renewed by God and the people 16
Text
Comments
After entering the land, the Lord was to be acknowledged as provider. If faithful, the people would be special and exalted.
.1 ¶ And it shall be, when thou art come in unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance, and possessest it, and dwellest therein;
.2 That thou shalt take of the first of all the fruit of the earth, which thou shalt bring of thy land that the LORD thy God giveth thee, and shalt put it in a basket, and shalt go unto the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his name there.
  1 - Come in Or settled in the land. As in de1714.
  2 - First of ... fruit The rules are in nu1812, de1804.
  2 - Place his name there He placed  His name by establishing His sanctuary.
 3 And thou shalt go unto the priest that shall be in those days, and say unto him, I profess this day unto the LORD thy God, that I am come unto the country which the LORD sware unto our fathers for to give us.
.4 And the priest shall take the basket out of thine hand, and set it down before the altar of the LORD thy God.
  3 - Go unto the priest Three annual feasts were required of all Israelite males ex2314-7. On passing on blessings received from God, see 1co1602, 2co0807.
 5 And thou shalt speak and say before the LORD thy God, A Syrian ready to perish was my father, and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there with a few, and became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous:
 6 And the Egyptians evil entreated us, and afflicted us, and laid upon us hard bondage:
 7 And when we cried unto the LORD God of our fathers, the LORD heard our voice, and looked on our affliction, and our labour, and our oppression:
  5 - A Syrian ready to perish Literally, "a wandering Armenian" (RSV). The mothers of the Israelite tribal founders the sons of Jacob were Rachael and Leah and Grandmother Rebekah, all who came from Padan-aram ge2520. Jacob lived there for a number of years, too ge29. Moses wrote of Jacob's uncle Laban as the "Syrian" (Armenian) ge2520, ge3120
  5 - Ready to perish Is a term used for lost animals de2203, 1sa0903. Also see ps119176, jb0618, le1621.
  7 - The Lord heard Oppression is a blessing helping us focus on our real need. ex0223, ex0307, nu2016. The link codes often show only the first verse of passages.
.8 And the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with great terribleness, and with signs, and with wonders:
.9 And he hath brought us into this place, and hath given us this land, even a land that floweth with milk and honey.
 10 And now, behold, I have brought the firstfruits of the land, which thou, O LORD, hast given me. And thou shalt set it before the LORD thy God, and worship before the LORD thy God:
  8 - Brought us ... arm See de0434, de0719, de1603.
  9 - This place de0105.
  9 - Milk and honey See on ex0308, de0603.
  10 - Set it before the Lord The Worship would logically include praise and song acknowledging that the land was the Lord's v4.
 11 And thou shalt rejoice in every good thing which the LORD thy God hath given unto thee, and unto thine house, thou, and the Levite, and the stranger that is among you.   11 - Rejoice in ... good God made us for joy and He can rejoice with us.
.12 ¶ When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thine increase the third year, which is the year of tithing, and hast given it unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled;   12 - Tithes ... third year For the local poor de1428 in addition to the regular tithe for the Levites. God had planned that this class would depend on the rest of the people to help them learn unselfishness.
 13 Then thou shalt say before the LORD thy God, I have brought away the hallowed things out of mine house, and also have given them unto the Levite, and unto the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, according to all thy commandments which thou hast commanded me: I have not transgressed thy commandments, neither have I forgotten them: 13 - Brought We cannot expect God's blessings while withholding tithe. See article ge14note.
 14 I have not eaten thereof in my mourning, neither have I taken away ought thereof for any unclean use, nor given ought thereof for the dead: but I have hearkened to the voice of the LORD my God, and have done according to all that thou hast commanded me.   14 - My mourning Likely because of ceremonial uncleanness le0720, le2101, ho0904, de1423.
  14 - For any unclean use Rather "while I was unclean" (RSV).
  14 - For the dead Rather, "to the dead." Pagans who believed in the immortality of the soul tried to keep the spirits happy by gifts.
.15 Look down from thy holy habitation, from heaven, and bless thy people Israel, and the land which thou hast given us, as thou swarest unto our fathers, a land that floweth with milk and honey.   15 - Look down Acknowledgment of God's exalted position. Also 2ch3027, is6315, je2530, zc0213.
  15 - God's promises are certain de0108, de0603.
.16 ¶ This day the LORD thy God hath commanded thee to do these statutes and judgments: thou shalt therefore keep and do them with all thine heart, and with all thy soul.
 17 Thou hast avouched the LORD this day to be thy God, and to walk in his ways, and to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and to hearken unto his voice:
 18 And the LORD hath avouched thee this day to be his peculiar people, as he hath promised thee, and that thou shouldest keep all his commandments;
 19 And to make thee high above all nations which he hath made, in praise, and in name, and in honour; and that thou mayest be an holy people unto the LORD thy God, as he hath spoken.
  16 - Statutes Civil and social laws in addition to the moral law. Moses had presented them in the valley "over against Beth-peor" de0329.
  17 - Avouched Or "declared seriously." This verse belongs with the previous one. It is a work of cooperation. Although we humans have a responsibility to be faithful, we do not earn the blessings. They are a gift.
  18 - The Lord hath avouched Literally "Yhwe has today caused you to say that you are to him a people of possession." We are His personal possession.
  18 - Peculiar people See on 1pe0209, ex1905.
  19 - High See de2801, ge1701. Also ge1418, nu2416
  19 - Honor May mean "to beautify." See the word's use at is4613, is6203, jn1710.
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