¶ The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah
in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that was
the first year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon;
2 The which Jeremiah the prophet spake unto all the people of Judah, and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying,
| 1 -
year of Jehoiakim The action is in verse
1 - Nebuchadrezzar Alternate spelling. Compare je2102., 2ki2401.
| 3 From the thirteenth
year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that
is the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me,
and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not
.4 And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear.
- Rising early An idiom implying perseverance.
4 - Lord ... sent ... prophets But they ignored them. je4404.
| 5 They said, Turn ye
again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings,
and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers
for ever and ever:
6 And go not after other gods to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands; and I will do you no hurt.
7 Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD; that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt.
- Turn ... dwell This expresses the
call of a true prophet 2ki1713,
5 - Dwell ... for ever and ever The Lord set before them the opportunity to reside permanently in the land. Of course the fulfillment of the promise depended on their faithfulness.
7 - Your own hurt See je2409.
¶ Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Because ye have not heard
.9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
.10 Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle.
8 - Lord of hosts See je0703.
9 - Send ... Nebuchadnezzar He destroyed Jerusalem in 605 BC.
9 - Perpetual Hebrew owlam Or "everlasting" which was 70 years. The word appears again in v12. After the punishment of Judah, Babylon would be published. Thus we have two rebellions each followed by desolation.
10 - Voice No happy sounds je0734 or women grinding and no candle light (ex1105, mt2441, See re1822,23. It was dark!
And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these
nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.
.12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.
13 And I will bring upon that land all my words which I have pronounced against it, even all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations.
.14 For many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of them also: and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the works of their own hands.
11 - Serve Babylon seventy years Reference to the nations around Judah. See je2910 for the seventy years of captivity of only the Jews.
¶ For thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me; Take the wine cup
of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee,
to drink it.
.16 And they shall drink, and be moved, and be mad, because of the sword that I will send among them.
17 Then took I the cup at the LORD'S hand, and made all the nations to drink, unto whom the LORD had sent me:
18 To wit, Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an hissing, and a curse; as it is this day;
19 Pharaoh king of Egypt, and his servants, and his princes, and all his people;
.20 And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah [or Gaza], and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,
.21 Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon,
22 And all the kings of Tyrus, and all the kings of Zidon, and the kings of the isles which are beyond the sea,
23 Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all that are in the utmost corners,
24 And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mingled people that dwell in the desert,
25 And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes,
| 26 And all the kings
of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the
world, which are upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall
drink after them.
.27 Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you.
28 And it shall be, if they refuse to take the cup at thine hand to drink, then shalt thou say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Ye shall certainly drink.
29 For, lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.
Sheshack Or "Babylon" as can be seen in je5141.
After making other nations drink or taste defeat, Babylon would drink.
See is5117, hk0216.
27 - Be drunken Compare Darby translation: "And thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith Jehovah of hosts, the God of Israel: Drink, and be drunken, and vomit, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword that I will send among you."
27 - Rise no more "The heathen nations in question should fall to rise no more. The Jews should fall but for a time, and then rise again. Therefore, the epithet is given, 'the God of Israel.'" (JFB)
29 - Bring evil As in verse 18, Israel is to be punished 1pe0417.
¶ Therefore prophesy thou against them all these words, and say unto
them, The LORD shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy
habitation; he shall mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a
shout, as they that tread the grapes, against all the inhabitants of the
31 A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth; for the LORD hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead with all flesh; he will give them that are wicked to the sword, saith the LORD.
- Against them all None are free from rebellion.
31 - Lord hath a controversy The word is rib which here is a court case.
Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, evil shall go forth from nation to
nation, and a great whirlwind shall be raised up from the coasts of the
.33 And the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be dung upon the ground.
- Coasts Or "remote parts."
32 - Great whirlwind Explained for je2319.
33 - Slain of the Lord See is3401, is6615, is6624. Description of chaotic earth after probation has closed.
| 34 Howl, ye shepherds,
and cry; and wallow yourselves in the ashes, ye principal of the flock:
for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished;
and ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel.
35 And the shepherds shall have no way to flee, nor the principal of the flock to escape.
36 A voice of the cry of the shepherds, and an howling of the principal of the flock, shall be heard: for the LORD hath spoiled their pasture.
37 And the peaceable habitations are cut down because of the fierce anger of the LORD.
.38 He hath forsaken his covert, as the lion: for their land is desolate because of the fierceness of the oppressor, and because of his fierce anger.
- Howl ye shepherds The wicked will
turn on the false religious teachers who promoted massive the end-time
religious movement re1308.
36 - Shall be heard These three words were supplied by the KJV translators.
37 - Habitations Literally "pasture grounds." For context, see v30 above.
38 - Fierceness A terrible scene for those who reject the mercy of a loving God.