Voices of three angels
Revelation 14:6-11
r14aT
Text
Comments
.Re 14:6 ¶ And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,   Another The 144,000 of v1 have characteristics which parallel those of the angel of v6. Because we see the three angels of which this is the first as symbolic of those who preach the calls of heaven, and because the 144,000 are the final generation those who are alive when Christ returns it is reasonable to see the two as the same group through whom Christ sends the warnings. See note a. An extra note discusses the timing and literary pattern.
  Fly in the midst of heaven We see him figuratively in the sky and working with the other two angels, note b. Also discussed is the time in the history of our world that these angels fly.
.6b ¶ And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,   Everlasting gospel The angel's sermon, note c. The eternal nature of the gospel is clarified by an understanding of the place of the ceremonial laws, note d. We also look at the relationship between law and grace and what could keep us from receiving grace note e.
.6c ¶ And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,   Unto them that dwell on the earth The earth dwellers follow the earth beast and may also be seen as those living when Christ returns. They are the counterpart of the 144,000 whose home is heaven.
  Every nation We look at the universal call in note g.
.7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.   Fear God See note a for this verse and the note about giving Him glory. Fear defined in ps11201, ps01909; ex1821.
  Hour of his judgment has come A specific time. The present tense means that it begins as the angel begins to announce it. Likewise for the second angel, v8. But the third is future v10 because when the wrath is poured out, it will be too late to change.
  Judgment A judgment would begin before the close of probation and coming of Christ re2211.
  Worship The great final issue, note e.
  Him that made How do we worship God as creator? note g.
.8 And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.   Followed Came after the first angel while he is still flying.
  Saying This angel does not speak with a loud voice as do the first and third. This fall, which comes shortly after the preaching of judgment of the first angel, is small compared to the later great fall re1804. We may see the small fall also in re1113.
  Babylon Described at note a.
  Great city Nebuchadnezzar called it great.
  Fallen Described at note b.
  Is fallen, is fallen See note d on the double fall.
  Wine ... wrath ... fornication See note e.
.9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand,   Followed Notice the sequence and mission.
  Loud voice So many can hear. Unlike the voice of the second angel.
  Worship the beast ... image Demanded by the earth beast re1315.
  And receive his mark As also demanded re1316.
.10 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:   Shall drink We may ask when? The wrath prophesied by the third angel is future from the time of the message. We may see it primarily as the punishment of the wicked at the end of the world re1919, but that event probably foreshadows the final punishment at the end of the thousand years as do parallel prophecies je0423-26.
  Wine of the wrath The wine is God's wrath. Discussed in the first note for v10.
  Poured out The Greek reads, "which is mixed unmixed" which would mean "prepared without adding water." Compare ps07508.
  Cup of his indignation Or "... of his wrath." The wicked choose to drink this wine ps07508, je2515, is5122.
  Being ready. See note.
  Tormented with fire and brimstone The source of imagery helps us understand. See note on fire pointing to the destruction of Sodom.
  In the presence of Those who preside over various phases of judgment or execution are compared in a table.
.11 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.   Smoke ascendeth up for ever See note a.
  No rest As in the unpardonable sin, note b.
  Who worship As demanded by the earth beast re1315-17.

 

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