The vision of Obadiah. Thus saith the Lord GOD concerning Edom; We have
heard a rumour from the LORD, and an ambassador is sent among the heathen,
Arise ye, and let us rise up against her in battle.
2 Behold, I have made thee small among the heathen: thou art greatly despised.
3 The pride of thine heart hath deceived thee, thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, whose habitation is high; that saith in his heart, Who shall bring me down to the ground?
- Obadiah The name means "servant of Yahweh." Other occurrences
of the name are not known to be for the same person. The name here is a
unique reference in that it does not deal with Israel or Judah.
1 - Concerning Edom This was the nation descending form Esau who had despised his birthright from his father Isaac. He dispised the spiritual part. They were proud for their wisdom and aspects of their nation.
| 4 Though thou exalt
thyself as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among the stars, thence
will I bring thee down, saith the LORD.
5 If thieves came to thee, if robbers by night, (how art thou cut off!) would they not have stolen till they had enough? if the grapegatherers came to thee, would they not leave some grapes?
6 How are the things of Esau searched out! how are his hidden things sought up!
7 All the men of thy confederacy have brought thee even to the border: the men that were at peace with thee have deceived thee, and prevailed against thee; they that eat thy bread have laid a wound under thee: there is none understanding in him.
8 Shall I not in that day, saith the LORD, even destroy the wise men out of Edom, and understanding out of the mount of Esau?
9 And thy mighty men, O Teman, shall be dismayed, to the end that every one of the mount of Esau may be cut off by slaughter.
- Exalt yourself Edom follows the pattern of Lucifer is1412.
9 - Mighty men, O Teman The city would lose its glory. Compare je4907.
¶ For thy violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee,
and thou shalt be cut off for ever.
11 In the day that thou stoodest on the other side, in the day that the strangers carried away captive his forces, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, even thou wast as one of them.
12 But thou shouldest not have looked on the day of thy brother in the day that he became a stranger; neither shouldest thou have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither shouldest thou have spoken proudly in the day of distress.
13 Thou shouldest not have entered into the gate of my people in the day of their calamity; yea, thou shouldest not have looked on their affliction in the day of their calamity, nor have laid hands on their substance in the day of their calamity;
14 Neither shouldest thou have stood in the crossway, to cut off those of his that did escape; neither shouldest thou have delivered up those of his that did remain in the day of distress.
|10 - Jacob Here Edom, which represents the wicked in a larger sense, is addressed by the name of the nation's founder, Esau. Just as Israel and Edom represent righteous and wicked, so the two brothers, Jacob and Esau, may be seen to represent them.|
For the day of the LORD is near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done,
it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head.
.16 For as ye have drunk upon my holy mountain, so shall all the heathen drink continually, yea, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, and they shall be as though they had not been.
Be as if Both wicked and righteous are seen as sleeping after they die. Each individual awaits the call of one of two resurrections. For the wicked, there is a second death which is not a "sleep." The wicked are devoured and cease to exist re2009bno. The idea is completed in the rest of the verses below, especially 18 and 21. Also see ps03710, ps10435, ps05913.
¶ But upon mount Zion shall be deliverance, and there shall be holiness;
and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions.
18 And the house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau for stubble, and they shall kindle in them, and devour them; and there shall not be any remaining of the house of Esau; for the LORD hath spoken it.
19 And they of the south shall possess the mount of Esau; and they of the plain the Philistines: and they shall possess the fields of Ephraim, and the fields of Samaria: and Benjamin shall possess Gilead.
20 And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel shall possess that of the Canaanites, even unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which is in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south.
- Zion ... there shall be holiness Or " ... it shall be holy."
17 - Possess their possessions That is, upon returning from exile. The promises here and in the following verses were conditional as are all promises that depend on human cooperation. de3019f, is1401. Because the return from captivity represents our final salvation in the heavenly Canaan, we may claim this promise for us who are spiritual Israel.
18 - House of Jacob ... house of Joseph The Southern and Northern kingdoms of divided Israel. The tribe of Ephraim, Joseph's son, was dominant in the Northern Kingdom.
18 - Fire This follows from v16. The righteous reign with Christ in judgment of the wicked during the thousand years re2004. Thus they are as a fire. Verse 21 pictures the judgment.
|.21 And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau; and the kingdom shall be the LORD'S.|| Saviors
These may be those who come to take possession of the city after the return
from exile. They judge the wicked who want to possess it.
Kingdom shall be See da0726f.
||Next book, Jonah||