¶ For the LORD will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel,
and set them in their own land: and the strangers shall be joined with
them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob.
2 And the people shall take them, and bring them to their place: and the house of Israel shall possess them in the land of the LORD for servants and handmaids: and they shall take them captives, whose captives they were; and they shall rule over their oppressors.
3 And it shall come to pass in the day that the LORD shall give thee rest from thy sorrow, and from thy fear, and from the hard bondage wherein thou wast made to serve,
1 - Mercy on Jacob With the coming fall of Babylon, the covenant people would be released.
1 - Strangers The Gentiles. Isaiah often writes of the gospel to the Gentiles.
¶ That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon,
and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!
.5 The LORD hath broken the staff of the wicked, and the sceptre of the rulers.
6 He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nations in anger, is persecuted, and none hindereth.
7 The whole earth is at rest, and is quiet: they break forth into singing.
8 Yea, the fir trees rejoice at thee, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying, Since thou art laid down, no feller is come up against us.
.9 Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.
10 All they shall speak and say unto thee, Art thou also become weak as we? art thou become like unto us?
11 Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.
4 - Proverb From mashal. Also rendered "parable" which might be better here.
4 - Against ... Babylon But the comparison is made with Lucifer who became the prince of darkness. v12.
4 - Golden city There is good reason to translate this term as "terror."
5 - Broken To completely break the power of Babylon. See is1319. The word "sceptre" is from shebet and also means "rod."
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How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art
thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
.13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
.14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.
.15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.
- Fallen lu1018.
12 - Lucifer Here Babylon, the traditional enemy of God's people is addressed as Lucifer. Lucifer was Satan's name before his fall. It means "the shining one." In Ezekiel we see that he had been the covering cherub ez2816. The angel closest to God! Both chapters give us important insights into Satan and his work.
13 - Sides of the north Or "farthest sides of ..." This was God's dwelling place. See ps048 and the note on the same page.
15 - Hell Hebrew sheol or grave. Notice that it is a synonym of "pit" from Hebrew bor. For examples of bor see is2422, ez3114,16. Thus Sheol which was also used for the realm of the dead, here means simply "grave."
15 - Sides "lowest depths" (NKJV).
They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying,
Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;
.17 That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners?
18 All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one in his own house.
19 But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a carcase trodden under feet.
20 Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial, because thou hast destroyed thy land, and slain thy people: the seed of evildoers shall never be renowned.
- Made the world as a wilderness Satan's kingdom will leave
chaos and destruction to remain that way during the thousand years je0423.
17 - House of his prisoners From the context we see that this refers to the grave. Of course Satan is unable to raise the dead but he would keep the righteous dead from being raised if it were possible. We know his effort to keep Christ in the tomb. See mt2764 to 28:2.
On a separate page, I explain why Satan is permitted to practice evil and how God will bring and end to sin and sinners forever!
| 21 Prepare slaughter
for his children for the iniquity of their fathers; that they do not rise,
nor possess the land, nor fill the face of the world with cities.
22 For I will rise up against them, saith the LORD of hosts, and cut off from Babylon the name, and remnant, and son, and nephew, saith the LORD.
23 I will also make it a possession for the bittern, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom [broom] of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts.
|21 - Slaughter ... children For the children of the one symbolized as the king of Babylon. Satan is the root of evil. Those who accept his way are the branches. They suffer. "The way of transgressors is hard," pr1315.|
¶ The LORD of hosts hath sworn, saying, Surely as I have thought,
so shall it come to pass; and as I have purposed, so shall it stand:
25 That I will break the Assyrian in my land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot: then shall his yoke depart from off them, and his burden depart from off their shoulders.
26 This is the purpose that is purposed upon the whole earth: and this is the hand that is stretched out upon all the nations.
27 For the LORD of hosts hath purposed, and who shall disannul it? and his hand is stretched out, and who shall turn it back?
|25 - Break ... Assyrian The Assyrians had placed a heavy yoke on the nations inluding Judah. By trusting the Lord, the yoke was broken by Him.|
In the year that king Ahaz died was this burden.
29 Rejoice not thou, whole Palestina, because the rod of him that smote thee is broken: for out of the serpent's root shall come forth a cockatrice, and his fruit shall be a fiery flying serpent.
.30 And the firstborn of the poor shall feed, and the needy shall lie down in safety: and I will kill thy root with famine, and he shall slay thy remnant.
31 Howl, O gate; cry, O city; thou, whole Palestina, art dissolved: for there shall come from the north a smoke, and none shall be alone in his appointed times.
.32 What shall one then answer the messengers of the nation? That the LORD hath founded Zion, and the poor of his people shall trust in it.
- Year About 715 BC. The "burden" is
an oracle or prophecy, here against Philistia.
31 - Smoke Apparently from burning cities.
31 - None ... alone The clause means that there would be no stragglers (those who follow at a little distance).