Isaiah 15

Moab ruined

.1 ¶ The burden of Moab. Because in the night Ar of Moab is laid waste, and brought to silence; because in the night Kir of Moab is laid waste, and brought to silence;   Burden of Moab That is, "A solemn message about Moab." Moab was across the Jordan valley to the east of Judah. The Moabite Stone discovered at Dibon in 1868 describes the subjection of Moab by Omri and Ahab and of its successful revolt  2ki0304. The stone noted cities mentioned in this chapter. Jeremiah also had a message for Moab je48.
  Ar This word may have been used for "city." Compare nu2236.
.2 He is gone up to Bajith, and to Dibon, the high places, to weep: Moab shall howl over Nebo, and over Medeba: on all their heads shall be baldness, and every beard cut off.
 3 In their streets they shall gird themselves with sackcloth: on the tops of their houses, and in their streets, every one shall howl, weeping abundantly.
Passages referenced, often include verses beyond the one seen in the link code.

  Dibon About 12 mi. (19 km.) east of the Dead Sea.
  Baldness Shaved heads and beards. Forbidden to the Israelites le1927, de1401, je0729, ez0718, mi0116. The practice may have had pagan significance.

.4 And Heshbon shall cry, and Elealeh: their voice shall be heard even unto Jahaz: therefore the armed soldiers of Moab shall cry out; his life shall be grievous unto him.   Heshbon About 5 mi. (8 km.) north of Medeba and 15 mi. east of the Dead Sea. Elealeh was on a hilltop about 2 miles northeast of Heshbon. It was originally part of the territory of Reuben nu3203, nu3237 but later taken by Moab is1609, je4834. Jahaz was apparently nearby nu2123. It was here that the Ammorite king, Sihon, was defeated under Moses nu2123, de0232, jg1120. Also jos1315.
  Life shall be grievous Literally, "his soul shall tremble." or "their hearts are faint" NIV.
.5 My heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitives shall flee unto Zoar, an heifer of three years old: for by the mounting up of Luhith with weeping shall they go it up; for in the way of Horonaim they shall raise up a cry of destruction.   Zoar Probably near the south end of the Dead Sea. It could be symbolic, drawn from the escape from Sodom ge1922, ge1930.
 6 ¶ For the waters of Nimrim shall be desolate: for the hay is withered away, the grass faileth, there is no green thing.    Waters of Nimrim Perhaps a reservoir in a wadi (ravine) going down to the Dead Sea. Compare je4834.
 7 Therefore the abundance they have gotten, and that which they have laid up, shall they carry away to the brook of the willows.
 8 For the cry is gone round about the borders of Moab; the howling thereof unto Eglaim, and the howling thereof unto Beerelim.
 9 For the waters of Dimon shall be full of blood: for I will bring more upon Dimon, lions upon him that escapeth of Moab, and upon the remnant of the land.
  9 - Waters of Dimon Possibly the same as Dibon v2. If so, reference would be to Arnon. None of the locations in these last three verses is known.
  9 - Lions These animals were in the area although the statement could be symbolic.
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