Psalm 59

The mighty are against me although I have no fault
This psalm is a cry for deliverance and thanksgiving for being saved from trouble. The previous three psalms had this form. This psalm is divided into two parts based on the elements just explained. The second (thanksgiving) begins with v11.
.1 ¶ <<To the chief Musician, Altaschith, Michtam of David; when Saul sent, and they watched the house to kill him.>> Deliver me from mine enemies, O my God: defend me from them that rise up against me. 
 2 Deliver me from the workers of iniquity, and save me from bloody men.
  Deliver me Or "snatch me away." He has asked for deliverance before ps00701, ps01713, ps02220.
  Defend me Literally, "make me high" that is, unreachable.
  Men of blood Or "murderers."
 3 For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O LORD.
 4 They run and prepare themselves without my fault: awake to help me, and behold. 
.5 Thou therefore, O LORD God of hosts, the God of Israel, awake to visit all the heathen: be not merciful to any wicked transgressors. Selah.
  3 - Lie in wait Like a wild animal ps00702. Michal helped David escape. 1sa1911.
  4 - Awake See ps00706, ps03523.
  5 - Lord God of hosts ... Israel The titles emphasize His past deliverance of His people. ps08004, ps08019, ps08908, is0109, ps01407, ps07218.
.6 They return at evening: they make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city.
 7 Behold, they belch out with their mouth: swords are in their lips: for who, say they, doth hear?
  Dog See on ps02216.
 8 ¶ But thou, O LORD, shalt laugh at them; thou shalt have all the heathen in derision.
 9 Because of his strength will I wait upon thee: for God is my defence. 
 10 The God of my mercy shall prevent me: God shall let me see my desire upon mine enemies.
  8 - Laugh See on ps00204.
 11 Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord our shield.
 12 For the sin of their mouth and the words of their lips let them even be taken in their pride: and for cursing and lying which they speak.
.13 Consume them in wrath, consume them, that they may not be: and let them know that God ruleth in Jacob unto the ends of the earth. Selah.
  11 - Slay them not That is, let them live their lives. The wicked who do not repent will be ultimately be slain in the lake of fire re2010. Cain was allowed to live partly so people could see the miserable life of the wicked. ge0412.
  13 - Consume The wicked will die the second death to show that their hearts will not change. When the city comes down re2101, they try to take it re2009. Then fire comes down and they are punished. The end of that punishment is the death from which there is no resurrection mal0401, ob16.
  13 - Jacob The overcomer. See ps1407.
 14 And at evening let them return; and let them make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city.
 15 Let them wander up and down for meat, and grudge if they be not satisfied.
   Each evening they come back, howling like dogs and prowling about the city. They roam about for food, and growl if they do not get their fill. (RSV)
  14,15 - Like a dog ... wander Defeat which the psalmist sees as appropriate for his enemies.
 16 But I will sing of thy power; yea, I will sing aloud of thy mercy in the morning: for thou hast been my defence and refuge in the day of my trouble.
 17 Unto thee, O my strength, will I sing: for God is my defence, and the God of my mercy.
  16,17 - But I will sing "But as for me, I shall sing of Thy strength; Yes, I shall joyfully sing of Thy lovingkindness in the morning. For Thou hast been my stronghold. And a refuge in the day of my distress. O my strength, I will sing praises to Thee; For God is my stronghold, the God who shows me lovingkindness." (NASB).
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