| 1 ¶ Amaziah was twenty
and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty and nine
years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem.
.2 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, but not with a perfect heart.
3 Now it came to pass, when the kingdom was established to him, that he slew his servants that had killed the king his father.
4 But he slew not their children, but did as it is written in the law in the book of Moses, where the LORD commanded, saying, The fathers shall not die for the children, neither shall the children die for the fathers, but every man shall die for his own sin.
|2 - Right but not with a perfect heart Both he and Joash did what was right 2ch2402. We can do right things and find ourselves lost. See Jesus' explanation mt0721-23.|
| 5 Moreover Amaziah gathered
Judah together, and made them captains over thousands, and captains over
hundreds, according to the houses of their fathers, throughout all Judah
and Benjamin: and he numbered them from twenty years old and above, and
found them three hundred thousand choice men, able to go forth to war,
that could handle spear and shield.
.6 He hired also an hundred thousand mighty men of valour out of Israel for an hundred talents of silver.
|5 - Gathered Judah To consider their military strength.|
| 7 But there came a man of
God to him, saying, O king, let not the army of Israel go with thee; for
the LORD is not with Israel, to wit, with all the children of Ephraim.
8 But if thou wilt go, do it, be strong for the battle: God shall make thee fall before the enemy: for God hath power to help, and to cast down.
9 And Amaziah said to the man of God, But what shall we do for the hundred talents which I have given to the army of Israel? And the man of God answered, The LORD is able to give thee much more than this.
.10 Then Amaziah separated them, to wit, the army that was come to him out of Ephraim, to go home again: wherefore their anger was greatly kindled against Judah, and they returned home in great anger.
| 8 -
But if thou wilt go The prophet didn't give any encouragement.
8 - Power to help Too often people who claim to follow God do not fully rely on His strength nu1331-33, nu1401, nu1429-33.
And Amaziah strengthened himself, and led forth his people, and went to
the valley of salt, and smote of the children of Seir ten thousand.
12 And other ten thousand left alive did the children of Judah carry away captive, and brought them unto the top of the rock, and cast them down from the top of the rock, that they all were broken in pieces.
13 But the soldiers of the army which Amaziah sent back, that they should not go with him to battle, fell upon the cities of Judah, from Samaria even unto Bethhoron, and smote three thousand of them, and took much spoil.
- Valley of salt See 2sa0813,
Probably near the Dead Sea. See
Apparently with "city of salt." See edge of map.
13 - Soldiers ... fell upon Judah and Samaria are not on the way back from Edom. They may have been rejected for military duty and so created a battle of their own or they went later. In either case it does not sound honorable.
| 14 ¶ Now it came to pass,
after that Amaziah was come from the slaughter of the Edomites, that he
brought the gods of the children of Seir, and set them up to be his gods,
and bowed down himself before them, and burned incense unto them.
15 Wherefore the anger of the LORD was kindled against Amaziah, and he sent unto him a prophet, which said unto him, Why hast thou sought after the gods of the people, which could not deliver their own people out of thine hand?
16 And it came to pass, as he talked with him, that the king said unto him, Art thou made of the king's counsel? forbear; why shouldest thou be smitten? Then the prophet forbare, and said, I know that God hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done this, and hast not hearkened unto my counsel.
|14-16Amaziah ... brought the gods Rather poor logic even without considering their neglect to ask help from the true God. "The Edomites worshipped the sun under different forms and with various rites. But burning incense upon altars was a principal act of worship, and this was the very thing Amaziah is described as having with strange infatuation performed. Whether he had been captivated with the beauty of the images, or hoped by honoring the gods to disarm their spite at him for his conquest and harsh treatment of their votaries, his conduct in establishing these objects of religious homage in Jerusalem was foolish, ignorant, and highly offensive to God, who commissioned a prophet to rebuke him for his apostasy, and threaten him with the calamity that soon after befell him." (JFB)|
| 17 ¶ Then Amaziah king
of Judah took advice, and sent to Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, the son of
Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come, let us see one another in the face.
18 And Joash king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trode down the thistle.
19 Thou sayest, Lo, thou hast smitten the Edomites; and thine heart lifteth thee up to boast: abide now at home; why shouldest thou meddle to thine hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?
- Amaziah took advice But not from God who then brought on judgments
18 - The thistle See on 2ki1409.
But Amaziah would not hear; for it came of God, that he might deliver them
into the hand of their enemies, because they sought after the gods of Edom.
21 So Joash the king of Israel went up; and they saw one another in the face, both he and Amaziah king of Judah, at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to Judah.
22 And Judah was put to the worse before Israel, and they fled every man to his tent.
.23 And Joash the king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, at Bethshemesh, and brought him to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim to the corner gate, four hundred cubits.
.24 And he took all the gold and the silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of God with Obededom, and the treasures of the king's house, the hostages also, and returned to Samaria.
|20 - Gods of Edom See picture at ex2404.|
| 25 And Amaziah the son of
Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Joash son of Jehoahaz king
of Israel fifteen years.
26 Now the rest of the acts of Amaziah, first and last, behold, are they not written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel?
.27 Now after the time that Amaziah did turn away from following the LORD they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem; and he fled to Lachish: but they sent to Lachish after him, and slew him there.
28 And they brought him upon horses, and buried him with his fathers in the city of Judah.
|27 - Conspiracy "He no doubt became very unpopular after having lost the battle with the Israelites; the consequence of which was the dismantling of Jerusalem, and the seizure of the royal treasures, with several other evils. It is likely that the last fifteen years of his reign were greatly embittered: so that, finding the royal city to be no place of safety, he endeavoured to secure himself at Lachish; but all in vain, for thither his murderers pursued him; and he who forsook the Lord was forsaken by every friend, perished in his gainsaying, and came to an untimely end.." (Clarke)|