¶ Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines,
and subdued them, and took Gath and her towns out of the hand of the Philistines.
2 And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts.
.3 And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates.
4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: David also houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them an hundred chariots.
5 And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
.6 Then David put garrisons in Syriadamascus; and the Syrians became David's servants, and brought gifts. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadarezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
8 Likewise from Tibhath, and from Chun, cities of Hadarezer, brought David very much brass, wherewith Solomon made the brasen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass.
- Seven thousand Or "seven hundred" in 2sa0804.
It's likely that neither was an exact count. Such precision was not the
prophetic purpose of the text. A couple of factors may be responsible for
differences: Large numbers were used to indicate a large amount. That is,
exaggeration was expected. Also They way of writing numbers was sometimes
ambiguous. And a change from hundred to thousand was a single pen stroke.
6 - Brought gifts Or agreed to pay tribute.
8 - Brass Probably bronze or copper 1ki0747. The valuable metals seem more important than the conquests.
8 - Brazen sea (apparently for the laver before the door of the tabernacle.) See 1ki0715-26; 2ch0402-05 ff.
¶ Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had smitten all the
host of Hadarezer king of Zobah;
10 He sent Hadoram his son to king David, to enquire of his welfare, and to congratulate him, because he had fought against Hadarezer, and smitten him; (for Hadarezer had war with Tou;) and with him all manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass.
11 Them also king David dedicated unto the LORD, with the silver and the gold that he brought from all these nations; from Edom, and from Moab, and from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek.
.12 Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.
13 And he put garrisons in Edom; and all the Edomites became David's servants. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
- Hadoram Or Joram 2sa0810.
9 - Hamath heard -
| 14 So David reigned
over all Israel, and executed judgment and justice among all his people.
15 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder.
.16 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Shavsha was scribe;
17 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and the sons of David were chief about the king.
- David reigned These four verses are about his internal administration.
14 - Executed judgment David assumed the role judgment. See 2sa1502-4.
15 - Zeruiah She was David's sister 1ch0216.
16 - Zadok He was in the line of Eleazar 1ch0604-8, 2sa0817.
16 - Abimelech Actually "Ahimelech" as in 2sa0817. Also see the name 1sa2220, 1ch2406. In 2sa1529,35, 2sa0817.
17 - Cherethites and ... Pelethites These were foreigners who served as royal bodyguard 2sa1518.