2 Chronicles 4

Furniture, vessels, and utensils of the temple
Chapters like this help us see the orderliness of God and realize significance in each item.
 1 ¶ Moreover he made an altar of brass, twenty cubits the length thereof, and twenty cubits the breadth thereof, and ten cubits the height thereof.
.2 Also he made a molten sea of ten cubits from brim to brim, round in compass, and five cubits the height thereof; and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about. 
 3 And under it was the similitude of oxen, which did compass it round about: ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about. Two rows of oxen were cast, when it was cast.
 1 - Made an altar of brass The altar is mentioned in 1ki0864, 1ki0925, but we read about its construction only here. The altar would have been of bronze. Brass was not known at that time. Its location in the court surrounding the temple is seen at 2ch0612, 2ki1614. Compare the altar described by Ezekiel ez4313.
  2 - Molten sea A large cast-metal basin 1ki0723.
  3 - Similitude of oxen Or "in the form of oxen."
  3 - Two rows of oxen . Instead of oxen, we read "knops (probably gourds)" in the account at 1ki0724. The oxen are mentioned in the following verse both here and in First Kings. Since the books of "chronicles" were written later, we assume the earlier account to be correct. The words for "knops" and "oxen" are very similar in Hebrew. Or both could be correct. It is not a matter of importance.
.4 It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and 
three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea was set above upon them, and all their hinder parts were inward.
.5 And the thickness of it was an handbreadth, and the brim of it like the work of the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies; and it received and held three thousand baths.
  5 - Handbreadth Compare 1ki0726.
  5 - Three thousand baths In 1ki0726 we read 2,000. It's possible that this was how it was normally filled while it could hold 3,000 or that the capacity was estimated differently by the two authors. No capacity is mentioned for the tabernacle so it not have had symbolic significance ex4007
.6 He made also ten lavers, and put five on the right hand, and five on the left, to wash in them: such things as they offered for the burnt offering they washed in them; but the sea was for the priests to wash in. 
.7 And he made ten candlesticks of gold according to their form, and set them in the temple, five on the right hand, and five on the left.
  7 - Ten candlesticks We see ten like the one with seven lamps in the tabernacle. The total could have been eleven, but the five plus five leads us to see ten. 1ki0749, je5219, ex2531, ex3717.
.8 He made also ten tables, and placed them in the temple, five on the right side, and five on the left. And he made an hundred basons of gold.   Ten tables We assume, for the shewbread. See v19, 1ch2816. Compare 1ki0748, ex2523, ex3710.
  Bassons Or "basins" (today, shallow pans such as could be used for washing hands or feet.). 1ki0750.
 9 Furthermore he made the court of the priests, and the great court, and doors for the court, and overlaid the doors of them with brass.
 10 And he set the sea on the right side of the east end, over against the south.
  Court for the priests Apparently as mentioned at 1ki0636, 1ki0712, je3610.
  Great court 1ki0712. Compare 2ki2105, 2ki2312.
  Right side ... south Considering a person facing east (toward the main gate). 1ki0739.
 11 ¶ And Huram made the pots, and the shovels, and the basons. And Huram finished the work that he was to make for king Solomon for the house of God; 
 12 To wit, the two pillars, and the pommels, and the chapiters which were on the top of the two pillars, and the two wreaths to cover the two pommels of the chapiters which were on the top of the pillars;-
  11 - Pots As 1ki0740, used for boiling flesh for sacrifical purposes 1sa0213.
  12 - Pommels Or "bowls." 1ki0741.
 13 And four hundred pomegranates on the two wreaths; two rows of pomegranates on each wreath, to cover the two pommels of the chapiters which were upon the pillars. 
 14 He made also bases, and lavers made he upon the bases; 
 15 One sea, and twelve oxen under it.
  Pomegranates  Compare 1ki0742.
  Bases To set the lavers on.
  Sea ... oxen Compare v4, 1ki0723.
 16 The pots also, and the shovels, and the fleshhooks, and all their instruments, did Huram his father make to king Solomon for the house of the LORD of bright brass. 
 17 In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zeredathah. 
  Pots As in ex2703, used for taking out the ashes.
  Fleshhooks See 1sa0213.
  Huram See on 2ch0213.
  Succoth A town east of the Jordan jg0804. See map.
 18 Thus Solomon made all these vessels in great abundance: for the weight of the brass could not be found out.
.19 And Solomon made all the vessels that were for the house of God, the golden altar also, and the tables whereon the shewbread was set;
  19 - Tables One table in 1ki0748, 2ch1311, 2ch2918. The wilderness sanctuary had one table. Perhaps the group of tables was considered a table.
 20 Moreover the candlesticks with their lamps, that they should burn after the manner before the oracle, of pure gold;
 21 And the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs, made he of gold, and that perfect gold; 
 22 And the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers, of pure gold: and the entry of the house, the inner doors thereof for the most holy place, and the doors of the house of the temple, were of gold.
  20 - Candlesticks See on v7.
  20 - Burn Compare ex2720.
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