Exodus 27

Instructions for building the altar of sacrifice and the enclosure around the tabernacle
.1 ¶ And thou shalt make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits.
.2 And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.
.3 And thou shalt make his pans to receive his ashes, and his shovels, and his basons, and his fleshhooks, and his firepans: all the vessels thereof thou shalt make of brass.
 4 And thou shalt make for it a grate of network of brass; and upon the net shalt thou make four brasen rings in the four corners thereof.
  1 - An altar Rather "the altar." This, the altar of burnt offering, was the place of sacrifice. Animals were slain and parts burned on the altar. It was the first thing a person would come to when entering the sanctuary courtyard. It pointed forward to the great sacrifice of Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God jn0129. He would die on the cross to cleans sinners. Also is5304ff, ac2028, ep0107, 1pe0118f.
  1 - Five cubits About 7 ft. 4 in. or 2.2 m.
  2 - Horns Projections where the priest would apply blood with his finger ex2912, le0815. The animal to be slain would sometimes be tied to a horn ps11827. A criminal seeking mercy might hold them 1ki0150.
 5 And thou shalt put it under the compass of the altar beneath, that the net may be even to the midst of the altar.
 6 And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with brass.
 7 And the staves shall be put into the rings, and the staves shall be upon the two sides of the altar, to bear it.
 8 Hollow with boards shalt thou make it: as it was shewed thee in the mount, so shall they make it.
  5 - It "the grating in which they were carried to a clean place (Le 4:12)." (JFB).
  5 - Compass Apparently a ledge around the altar.
.9 ¶ And thou shalt make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward there shall be hangings for the court of fine twined linen of an hundred cubits long for one side:
 10 And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets shall be of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver.
 11 And likewise for the north side in length there shall be hangings of an hundred cubits long, and his twenty pillars and their twenty sockets of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.
 12 And for the breadth of the court on the west side shall be hangings of fifty cubits: their pillars ten, and their sockets ten.
 13 And the breadth of the court on the east side eastward shall be fifty cubits.
 14 The hangings of one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three.
 15 And on the other side shall be hangings fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three.
 16 And for the gate of the court shall be an hanging of twenty cubits, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework: and their pillars shall be four, and their sockets four.
  9 - Court "Before the tabernacle there was to be a court or yard, enclosed with hangings of the finest linen that was used for tents. This court, according to the common computation of cubits, was fifty yards long, and twenty-five broad. Pillars were set up at convenient distances, in sockets of brass, the pillars filleted with silver, and silver tenter- hooks in them, on which the linen hangings were fastened: the hanging which served for the gate was finer than the rest, [see v16]. This court was a type of the church, enclosed and distinguished from the rest of the world, the enclosure supported by pillars, denoting the stability of the church, hung with the clean linen, which is said to be the righteousness of saints, Re 19:8.  These were the courts David longed for and coveted to reside in Ps 84:2,10, and into which the people of God entered with praise and thanksgiving Ps 100:4" (MH Commentary).
  12 - West side hangings The curtain on the west. The courtyard was a rectangle.
 17 All the pillars round about the court shall be filleted with silver; their hooks shall be of silver, and their sockets of brass.
 18 The length of the court shall be an hundred cubits, and the breadth fifty every where, and the height five cubits of fine twined linen, and their sockets of brass. 
 19 All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof, and all the pins thereof, and all the pins of the court, shall be of brass.
  17 - Pillars "The curtains of this enclosure were supported on sixty brazen pillars which stood on pedestals of the same metal, but their capitals and fillets were of silver, and the hooks on which they were suspended were of silver also." (JFB)
  19 - Pins Probably tent pegs.
.20 ¶ And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always. 
.21 In the tabernacle of the congregation without the vail, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.
  21 - Testimony This was the tables of stone inside the ark ex3118, ex3215 and behind the vail or curtain secluding the most holy place. The law on stone tablets was the really significant item.


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