Judges 8

Bread denied; revenge
 1 ¶ And the men of Ephraim said unto him, Why hast thou served us thus, that thou calledst us not, when thou wentest to fight with the Midianites? And they did chide with him sharply. 
 2 And he said unto them, What have I done now in comparison of you? Is not the gleaning of the grapes of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abiezer?
 3 God hath delivered into your hands the princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb: and what was I able to do in comparison of you? Then their anger was abated toward him, when he had said that.
  1 - Ephriam The largest tribe in Northern Palestine. They were strong and could have gone themselves but it was easier to criticize and fight only when the risks were minimal.
.4 ¶ And Gideon came to Jordan, and passed over, he, and the three hundred men that were with him, faint, yet pursuing them.
.5 And he said unto the men of Succoth, Give, I pray you, loaves of bread unto the people that follow me; for they be faint, and I am pursuing after Zebah and Zalmunna, kings of Midian.
 6 And the princes of Succoth said, Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thine hand, that we should give bread unto thine army?
 7 And Gideon said, Therefore when the LORD hath delivered Zebah and Zalmunna into mine hand, then I will tear your flesh with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers. 
 8 And he went up thence to Penuel, and spake unto them likewise: and the men of Penuel answered him as the men of Succoth had answered him.
 9 And he spake also unto the men of Penuel, saying, When I come again in peace, I will break down this tower.
  4 - And Gideon came to Jordan The story continues from jg0724.
  5 - Succoth A city of Gad a considerable distance from the Jordan near the Jordan River.
  6 - Give bread The request had been reasonable.
  8 - Penuel Also spelled, Peniel. See map. "A town beyond the Jordan, and near the Jabbok; defended by a strong tower, which Gideon broke down because the men of Penuel refused to aid him against the Midianites, ... It was restored by Jeroboam I, 1Ki 12:25.  It received its name, the face of God, from Jacob's they're wrestling with the Angel Jehovah face to face, Ge 32:30." (ATS Dictionary)
  9 - In peace After experiencing victory. Towers were generally stone constructions where people could run to for safety. There the leaders of Penuel would feel safe from the Midianites and also from Gideon who threatened to come back and tear down the tower.
.10 Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their hosts with them, about fifteen thousand men, all that were left of all the hosts of the children of the east: for there fell an hundred and twenty thousand men that drew sword. 
.11 And Gideon went up by the way of them that dwelt in tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and smote the host: for the host was secure.
.12 And when Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued after them, and took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and discomfited all the host. 
 13 And Gideon the son of Joash returned from battle before the sun was up,
 14 And caught a young man of the men of Succoth, and enquired of him: and he described unto him the princes of Succoth, and the elders thereof, even threescore and seventeen men.
  10 - Karkor "a town on the eastern confines of Gad. The wreck of the Midianite army halted there." (JFB).
  11 - Jogbethah A city of Gad nu3235. Probably a ruin 6½ mi. (10.4 km.) NW of Amman.
  11 - Them that dwell in tents This implies desert people. Gideon approached them from an unexpected direction.
  14 - Described From hathab, A literal translation is "he wrote down." Probably Gideon wanted to discriminate between them and the inhabitants of the city, in order to avoid punish those who were not responsible.
  14 - Princes These were probably the city leaders. the "elders" would have been the princes.
 15 And he came unto the men of Succoth, and said, Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, with whom ye did upbraid me, saying, Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thine hand, that we should give bread unto thy men that are weary?
 16 And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth. 
 17 And he beat down the tower of Penuel, and slew the men of the city.
  15 - Elders We do not know how this was done.
.18 ¶ Then said he unto Zebah and Zalmunna, What manner of men were they whom ye slew at Tabor? And they answered, As thou art, so were they; each one resembled the children of a king. 
.19 And he said, They were my brethren, even the sons of my mother: as the LORD liveth, if ye had saved them alive, I would not slay you.
 20 And he said unto Jether his firstborn, Up, and slay them. But the youth drew not his sword: for he feared, because he was yet a youth.
 21 Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, Rise thou, and fall upon us: for as the man is, so is his strength. And Gideon arose, and slew Zebah and Zalmunna, and took away the ornaments that were on their camels' necks.
  18 - What manner of? Probably should be translated,"Where?"
  19 - As the Lord liveth For other such terms see on jb2602.
.22 ¶ Then the men of Israel said unto Gideon, Rule thou over us, both thou, and thy son, and thy son's son also: for thou hast delivered us from the hand of Midian.
 23 And Gideon said unto them, I will not rule over you, neither shall my son rule over you: the LORD shall rule over you.
  22 - Rule thou The request was prompted by the power Gideon had exhibited. We we see the discontent with the monarchy. The Lord Himself had established this plan. He would rule. When will we again see the plan God had? See re2103.
.24 And Gideon said unto them, I would desire a request of you, that ye would give me every man the earrings of his prey. (For they had golden earrings, because they were Ishmaelites.)
 25 And they answered, We will willingly give them. And they spread a garment, and did cast therein every man the earrings of his prey.
 26 And the weight of the golden earrings that he requested was a thousand and seven hundred shekels of gold; beside ornaments, and collars, and purple raiment that was on the kings of Midian, and beside the chains that were about their camels' necks. 
  24 - Ishmael and Midian They were half brothers ge2502. The two families intermarried and lived together ge3725,27,28.
  25 - Willingly give The people were glad for Gideon's military help. The price in Gold would have been great.
 27 And Gideon made an ephod  . thereof, and put it in his city, even in Ophrah: and all Israel went thither a whoring after it: which thing became a snare unto Gideon, and to his house.
 28 Thus was Midian subdued before the children of Israel, so that they lifted up their heads no more. And the country was in quietness forty years in the days of Gideon.
 29 ¶ And Jerubbaal the son of Joash went and dwelt in his own house.
 30 And Gideon had threescore and ten sons of his body begotten: for he had many wives. 
.31 And his concubine that was in Shechem, she also bare him a son, whose name he called Abimelech. 
 32 And Gideon the son of Joash died in a good old age, and was buried in the sepulchre of Joash his father, in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.
 33 And it came to pass, as soon as Gideon was dead, that the children of Israel turned again, and went a whoring after Baalim, and made Baalberith their god.
  31 - Concubine This was apparently a type of marriage common for early arabs. The children would belong to the wife's clan.
  32 - Gideon ... died "Gideon died in peace and prosperity but the evil seed he had sown bore bitter fruit in the next generation. Few realize how far-reaching is the influence of their words and acts." (SDABC).
.34 And the children of Israel remembered not the LORD their God, who had delivered them out of the hands of all their enemies on every side:
 35 Neither shewed they kindness to the house of Jerubbaal, namely, Gideon, according to all the goodness which he had shewed unto Israel.

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