Micah 4

  Verses 1 to 3 are essentially the same as verses 2 to 4 in is02. In fact the Hebrew for the two is less different than is our KJV translation. We have no evidence of who wrote first or whether both copied another source. The two men were contemporaries.
 1 ¶ But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it. 1 - Last days I believe that we are approaching this time.  Jesus is coming soon although most do not expect Him until much later (See on mt2436 to end of chapter). The term "last days" could have also indicated a near-future fulfillment for Israel although this did not happen as planned because they were not faithful is0206.
1 - Mountain of the Lord Jerusalem is on top of a mountain or hill. The temple ("house of the Lord" in our verse) was there. Symbolically the mountain represents God's government. See comments on Isaiah is02.
1 - Exalted above Or given the highest authority.
.2  And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
.3  And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.
.4  But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; and none shall make them afraid: for the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken it.
 5  For all people will walk every one in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of the LORD our God for ever and ever.
  2 - Nations ... let us go Here we see the final call to come out of Babylon the end-time, false religious system. A relatively small number, at this time, will be faithful to God, honoring His requirements. They are here pictured as Zion. Those who come out will join them swelling the call until all have decided one way or the other. The human probation will close and the preadvent judgment will be over.
  The nations did not come to literal Israel.
  3 - Christ will punish/judge the end-time wicked (nations) re1911a by the word of His mouth re1911b.
   The second part of the verse describes the peace that follows after the wicked die.
 6  In that day, saith the LORD, will I assemble her that halteth, and I will gather her that is driven out, and her that I have afflicted;
 7  And I will make her that halted [the lame] a remnant, and her that was cast far off a strong nation: and the LORD shall reign over them in mount Zion from henceforth, even for ever.
.8 ¶ And thou, O tower of the flock, the strong hold of the daughter of Zion, unto thee shall it come, even the first dominion; the kingdom shall come to the daughter of Jerusalem.
  6, 7 - Assemble ... remnant The group that comes out. They are pictured as the eleventh-hour workers mt2001.
  7 - Halted ... cast off Supporters of the major end-time world religion will consider the small group that objects as weak and unworthy to live. In Revelation, the major religion (beast power) threatens to remove physical support (forbid buying and selling) and to kill those who do not worship the image re1315.
  8 - Tower of the flock The Messiah. What "shall come" to Him? the kingdom of heaven the throne of David (first or earlier dominion), this time ruling over spiritual Israel. This follows from v7.
 9  Now why dost thou cry out aloud? is there no king in thee? is thy counsellor perished? for pangs have taken thee as a woman in travail.
.10  Be in pain, and labour to bring forth, O daughter of Zion, like a woman in travail: for now shalt thou go forth out of the city, and thou shalt dwell in the field, and thou shalt go even to Babylon; there shalt thou be delivered; there the LORD shall redeem thee from the hand of thine enemies.
.11  Now also many nations are gathered against thee, that say, Let her be defiled, and let our eye look upon Zion.
 12  But they know not the thoughts of the LORD, neither understand they his counsel: for he shall gather them as the sheaves into the floor.
  9 - Now why ... cry Back to the time of Micah. Jehoiachin and Zedekiah were taken captive See two chapters 2ki24; 2ki25.
  9 - Counsellor Equivalent to "king."
  10 - Travail Imagery drawn from birth pain is1308, je0624, je5043, ho1313, 1th0503. They were to be delivered from Babylon.
  11 - Many nations "The subject peoples composing Babylon's armies: and also Edom, Ammon, &c., who exulted in Judah's fall (La 2:16; Ob 1:21)." (JFB)
  11 - Defiled "metaphor from a virgin. Let her be defiled (that is, outraged by violence and bloodshed), and let our eye gaze insultingly on her shame and sorrow (Mic 7:10). Her foes desired to feast their eyes on her calamities." (JFB).
 13  Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion: for I will make thine horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass: and thou shalt beat in pieces many people: and I will consecrate their gain unto the LORD, and their substance unto the Lord of the whole earth.   13 - Arise Again projecting to the power anticipated after the return from captivity.
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