Hosea 13
 1 ¶ When Ephraim spake trembling, he exalted himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died.
 2  And now they sin more and more, and have made them molten images of their silver, and idols according to their own understanding, all of it the work of the craftsmen: they say of them, Let the men that sacrifice kiss the calves.
 3  Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff that is driven with the whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.
 4  Yet I am the LORD thy God from the land of Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but me: for there is no saviour beside me.
  4 - Compare ac0412.
 5 ¶ I did know thee in the wilderness, in the land of great drought.
.6  According to their pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, and their heart was exalted; therefore have they forgotten me.
 7  Therefore I will be unto them as a lion: as a leopard by the way will I observe them:
 8  I will meet them as a bear that is bereaved of her whelps, and will rend the cal of their heart, and there will I devour them like a lion: the wild beast shall tear them.
  6 - The temptation from having peace and material prosperity.
.9 ¶ O Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself; but in me is thine help.
 10  I will be thy king: where is any other that may save thee in all thy cities? and thy judges of whom thou saidst, Give me a king and princes?
 11  I gave thee a king in mine anger, and took him away in my wrath.
 12  The iniquity of Ephraim is bound up; his sin is hid.
.13  The sorrows of a travailing woman shall come upon him: he is an unwise son; for he should not stay long in the place of the breaking forth of children.
  9-11 - Destroyed thyself Foreshadowing the final apostasy of Israel against their king. As a nation, they would reject their Messiah and their probation would end. See jn1915, mt2143, he1103. Again at the destruction of 70 A.D. the people were killing each other and when the armies of Titus broke into the city, the people behaved in such a way as to enrage his soldiers. Titus would have greatly limited the devastation, but he had no power to hold back the destruction of people, temple, and city.
.14  I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction: repentance shall be hid from mine eyes.
  14 Shall I ransom them from the power of Sheol? Shall I redeem them from Death" O Death, where are your plagues? O Sheol, where is your destruction? Compassion is hid from my eyes." (RSV)
.15  Though he be fruitful among his brethren, an east wind shall come, the wind of the LORD shall come up from the wilderness, and his spring shall become dry, and his fountain shall be dried up: he shall spoil the treasure of all pleasant vessels.
 16  Samaria shall become desolate; for she hath rebelled against her God: they shall fall by the sword: their infants shall be dashed in pieces, and their women with child shall be ripped up.
  14 - I will ransom  Hope for those who die in Christ. They will be resurrected and taken to heaven 1th0416. The RSV translation may be better considering the context, although verse 9 offers encouragement.
  14 - Repentance Or "compassion."
  16 - Samaria The city of Samaria was the capital of the Northern Kingdom. See the divided kingdom map.
Hosea home
Commentary home