- Characters and their conflict
Problem - 1:6b
- Corrupt religion
Resolution - 3:1
Appeal to be faithful - 3:7
- To give glory to God, material blessings
- To fear Him, no arrogance
Rewards - 3:16
- For the righteous
- For the wicked
Conclusion - 4:4
- Obedience, the end-time issue, Moses
- The final call to repentance, Elijah
This judgment is only for those who claim to be followers of the true God
o The Lord begins it when many do not expect Him to. 3:1.
o He prepares us for success in judgment by character cleansing. 3:3.
o The wicked reject the idea of being mournful 3:14 – of soul searching humility Lev. 16:29.
o The Lord comes in judgment before coming in glory. 3:17; 4:1; Lev. 23.
o In this judgment, He comes "near" to investigate before issuing rewards or punishment. 3:5.
o Behavior judged may be summarized as giving God glory and fearing Him. 1:6; 3:16.
o Calls are made as the judgment begins and as it ends. 3:7, 4:5
o Those first prepared for the judgment will give the final call. 3:16; 4:5, 6.
o God's law is the standard for judgment 3:7; 4:4. He does not change 3:6.
|Messenger to prepare the way||John the Baptist||The Elijah movement, Rev. 14:6-12|
|Messenger of the covenant||Jesus Christ as lamb||Jesus Christ as shepherd, Rev. 19:15 (Gr. poimaino: to "rule" or " shepherd.")|
|His temple||In Jerusalem||In heaven|
|Preparation for coming||Cleansing of temple in Jerusalem||Cleansing, vindication, of temple in heaven, Dan. 8:14, Heb. 9:23|
|Suddenness – surprise||Jews expected temporal kingdom of glory but Jesus came not to condemn, John 3:17.||Religion leaders expect more grace, doubt judgment, teach that kingdom of glory is later, Matt. 24:48|
|Judgment verdict||Ends Jewish national probation||Ends human probation|