Jeremiah 9

I (Jeremiah) would weep - my people are unfaithful  1
The Lord will refine them; Jerusalem will be in ruins  7
What wise person understands? They have forsaken my law  12
Call for wailing women  17
Listen to the Lord O women  20
Do not glory in wisdom, strength, or wealth  23
The days will come when I will punish circumcised ones  25
.1 ¶ Oh that my head were waters, and mine eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of the daughter of my people!
.2  Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfaring men; that I might leave my people, and go from them! for they be all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous men.
 3  And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the LORD.
 4  Take ye heed every one of his neighbour, and trust ye not in any brother: for every brother will utterly supplant, and every neighbour will walk with slanders.
.5  And they will deceive every one his neighbour, and will not speak the truth: they have taught their tongue to speak lies, and weary themselves to commit iniquity.
 6  Thine habitation is in the midst of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know me, saith the LORD.
.7  Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, I will melt them, and try them; for how shall I do for the daughter of my people?
 8  Their tongue is as an arrow shot out; it speaketh deceit: one speaketh peaceably to his neighbour with his mouth, but in heart he layeth his wait.
 9  Shall I not visit them for these things? saith the LORD: shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?

  1 - That I might weep Sorrow for his people. This verse belongs with chapter 8 although it is appropriate here, too.
  2 - That I had a lodging place Compare ps05506.
  4 - Take ... heed With the central government as abandoned the principles of true religion (morality) the people are not safe. See mi0705,6. Jeremiah could not trust his own household je1206, mt1036.
  4 - Slanders See je0628.
  6 - Thine habitations This could refer to Jeremiah's home or to the people. The Septuagint reads "There is usury upon usury, deceit upon deceit; they did not wish to know me."
  7 - I [the Lord] will melt them For purification. je0627ff, is4810, zc1309.
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 10  For the mountains will I take up a weeping and wailing, and for the habitations of the wilderness a lamentation, because they are burned up, so that none can pass through them; neither can men hear the voice of the cattle; both the fowl of the heavens and the beast are fled; they are gone.
.11  And I will make Jerusalem heaps, and a den of dragons; and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant.
  10 - Mountains (or hillside terraces once cultivated). Expression of the coming desolation.
.12 ¶ Who is the wise man, that may understand this? and who is he to whom the mouth of the LORD hath spoken, that he may declare it, for what the land perisheth and is burned up like a wilderness, that none passeth through?
.13  And the LORD saith, Because they have forsaken my law which I set before them, and have not obeyed my voice, neither walked therein;
 14  But have walked after the imagination of their own heart, and after Baalim, which their fathers taught them:
.15  Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will feed them, even this people, with wormwood, and give them water of gall to drink.
 16  I will scatter them also among the heathen, whom neither they nor their fathers have known: and I will send a sword after them, till I have consumed them.
  13 - Forsaken ... not obeyed By rejecting the Lord, they had rejected his blessing and protection. The law here is the torah which means "teachings." The Torah came to be the five books of Moses. Of course it includes the ten commandments.
  16 - Scatter ... among ... heathen They would be in strange places verse 14.
.17  Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Consider ye, and call for the mourning women, that they may come; and send for cunning women, that they may come:
 18  And let them make haste, and take up a wailing for us, that our eyes may run down with tears, and our eyelids gush out with waters.
 19  For a voice of wailing is heard out of Zion, How are we spoiled! we are greatly confounded, because we have forsaken the land, because our dwellings have cast us out.
  17 - Lord of hosts See on je0703.
  17 - Mourning women Literally "women who chant." These hired mourners are needed for the city about to be destroyed. For mourners see 2ch3525, ec1205, am0516, mt0923.
  17 - Cunning Here to mean wise or skilled.
.20  Yet hear the word of the LORD, O ye women, and let your ear receive the word of his mouth, and teach your daughters wailing, and every one her neighbour lamentation.
 21  For death is come up into our windows, and is entered into our palaces, to cut off the children from without, and the young men from the streets.
 22  Speak, Thus saith the LORD, Even the carcases of men shall fall as dung upon the open field, and as the handful after the harvestman, and none shall gather them.
  20 - Lamentation Or "a dirge"
  22 - Carcases ... as dung je0802, je1604, je2533, 2ki0937.
.23 ¶ Thus saith the LORD, Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might, let not the rich man glory in his riches:
 24  But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I am the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these things I delight, saith the LORD.
  23 - Glory With a desolated city and people killed or taken captive, human pride would be realized as useless. Of course the advice is good for us, too. mt1626.
.25  Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will punish all them which are circumcised with the uncircumcised;
.26  Egypt, and Judah, and Edom, and the children of Ammon, and Moab, and all that are in the utmost corners, that dwell in the wilderness: for all these nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the heart.
  Uncircumcised The principle involved more than the bodily sign.
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