Isaiah 22

  Slain but not with the sword 1
Isaiah weeps; day of trouble 4
Judah is uncovered; breaches in the walls 8
Weeping; hopelessness 12
Shebna's sepulcher in the rock will not help 15
I will drive you from office and give it to Eliakim; a secure nail 19
 1 ¶ The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?
 2  Thou that art full of stirs, a tumultuous city, a joyous city: thy slain men are not slain with the sword, nor dead in battle.
 3  All thy rulers are fled together, they are bound by the archers: all that are found in thee are bound together, which have fled from far.
  1 - Valley of vision  This is Jerusalem which was on a mountain. Compare zc0407.
  1 - Housetops The place to party or to worship the stars.
  2 - Stirs Noise
  2 - Thy men are not slain It was wicked to ignore the needs of their brothers v4ff.
.4  Therefore said I, Look away from me; I will weep bitterly, labour not to comfort me, because of the spoiling of the daughter of my people.
 5  For it is a day of trouble, and of treading down, and of perplexity by the Lord GOD of hosts in the valley of vision, breaking down the walls, and of crying to the mountains.
.6  And Elam bare the quiver with chariots of men and horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield.
 7  And it shall come to pass, that thy choicest valleys shall be full of chariots, and the horsemen shall set themselves in array at the gate.
  4 - Look away la0348, je0819
  4 - I weep God often communicates to His prophets by more than words and visions. He gives them experiences. See re1010. Isaiah was shown the terrible destruction of the city. His people were not ready. How could He protect them when they refused to listen?
  5 - Day of trouble The righteous needed to be prepared. is0219,21, ho1008, Compare lu2330, re0616.
.8 ¶ And he discovered the covering of Judah, and thou didst look in that day to the armour of the house of the forest.
.9  Ye have seen also the breaches of the city of David, that they are many: and ye gathered together the waters of the lower pool.
 10  And ye have numbered the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses have ye broken down to fortify the wall.
.11  Ye made also a ditch between the two walls for the water of the old pool: but ye have not looked unto the maker thereof, neither had respect unto him that fashioned it long ago.
  8 - Discovered The enemy had found the points for attack.
  11 - Ditch between May have been the tunnel built by Hezekiah which was protected by an outside wall.
.12  And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth:
 13  And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let us eat and drink; for to morrow we shall die.
 14  And it was revealed in mine ears by the LORD of hosts, Surely this iniquity shall not be purged from you till ye die, saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
  12 - Lord ... call to weeping "Usually the priests gave the summons to national mourning (Joe 1:14); now JEHOVAH Himself shall give it; the 'call' shall consist in the presence of a terrible foe. Translate, "shall call." Baldness is also an expression of grief jb0120, mi0116.
  13 - Joy and gladness "Notwithstanding Jehovah's 'call to mourning' (Isa 22:12), many shall make the desperate state of affairs a reason for reckless revelry (Isa 5:11,12,14; Jer 18:12; 1Co 15:32)." (JFB)
.15 ¶ Thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, Go, get thee unto this treasurer, even unto Shebna, which is over the house, and say,
 16  What hast thou here? and whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out a sepulchre here, as he that heweth him out a sepulchre on high, and that graveth an habitation for himself in a rock?
 17  Behold, the LORD will carry thee away with a mighty captivity, and will surely cover thee.
 18  He will surely violently turn and toss thee like a ball into a large country: there shalt thou die, and there the chariots of thy glory shall be the shame of thy lord's house.
.19  And I will drive thee from thy station, and from thy state shall he pull thee down.
 20  And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah:
  15 - Unto Shebna "The Hebrew for "unto" indicates an accosting of Shebna with an unwelcome message." (JFB commentary)
  16 - On high Maybe high in a cliff. See on 2ch3233.
  17 - Carry ... with ... More literally translated "... hurl you away violently, O you strong man. He will seize firm hold on you," (RSV).
  20 - Eliakim We know little about this man although we see him later in chapter 36 then in is3702. Also see lu0330
.21  And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah.
.22  And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.
.23  And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father's house.
 24  And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father's house, the offspring and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels of flagons.
 25  In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall the nail that is fastened in the sure place be removed, and be cut down, and fall; and the burden that was upon it shall be cut off: for the LORD hath spoken it.

  22 - Key of the house of David For later symbolic meaning, see re0307.
  23 - Nail ... sure place Eliakim was involved in dialogue with the leaders of the Assyrian army when they surrounded Jerusalem 2ki1826, is3611. The king of Egypt set him a vassal king in the place of his brother 2ch3604, 2ki2334. The Lord gave him the opportunity, knowing he would fail v25. In contrast, the Messiah to whom the keys and the kingdom were promised ez2127 would be glorified for His Father in heaven. It would appear that all had been lost from the "secure place" when Jesus died but instead, He opened the way for our eternal salvation.
  24 - Father's house That is, David's v22, 2ki2202. David was the model king.
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