Joshua 19
More division of the land
.
Text
Explanation
 1 ¶ And the second lot came forth to Simeon, even for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah.
 2 And they had in their inheritance Beersheba, or Sheba, and Moladah,
 3 And Hazarshual, and Balah, and Azem,
.4 And Eltolad, and Bethul, and Hormah,
 5 And Ziklag, and Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusah,
 6 And Bethlebaoth, and Sharuhen; thirteen cities and their villages:
 7 Ain, Remmon, and Ether, and Ashan; four cities and their villages:
 8 And all the villages that were round about these cities to Baalathbeer, Ramath of the south. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families.
 9 Out of the portion of the children of Judah was the inheritance of the children of Simeon: for the part of the children of Judah was too much for them: therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the inheritance of them.
  7 - Rimmon A city about 11 mi. (18 km.) NE of Beersheba in Southern Judah. See map.
 10 ¶ And the third lot came up for the children of Zebulun according to their families: and the border of their inheritance was unto Sarid:
 11 And their border went up toward the sea, and Maralah, and reached to Dabbasheth, and reached to the river that is before Jokneam;
 12 And turned from Sarid eastward toward the sunrising unto the border of Chislothtabor, and then goeth out to Daberath, and goeth up to Japhia,
.13 And from thence passeth on along on the east to Gittahhepher, to Ittahkazin, and goeth out to Remmonmethoar to Neah; 
 14 And the border compasseth it on the north side to Hannathon: and the outgoings thereof are in the valley of Jiphthahel:
.15 And Kattath, and Nahallal, and Shimron, and Idalah, and Bethlehem: twelve cities with their villages.
 16 This is the inheritance of the children of Zebulun according to their families, these cities with their villages.
  15 - Nahallal See Galilee map.
  15 - Bethlehem Not the one near Jerusalem which was known as Bethlehem-ephrata. This one was 7 mi. (11 km.) northwest of Nazareth the modern Beit Lahm.
  15 - Twelve cities Which twelve is unclear.
.17 ¶ And the fourth lot came out to Issachar, for the children of Issachar according to their families.
.18 And their border was toward Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,
 19 And Hapharaim, and Shion, and Anaharath,
 20 And Rabbith, and Kishion, and Abez,
.21 And Remeth, and Engannim, and Enhaddah, and Bethpazzez;
 22 And the coast reacheth to Tabor, and Shahazimah, and Bethshemesh; and the outgoings of their border were at Jordan: sixteen cities with their villages.
 23 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Issachar according to their families, the cities and their villages.
  17 - Issachar Son of Leah. See ge3018.
  18 - Jezreel and Chesulloth and Shunem See Galilee map along the west edge.
 24 ¶ And the fifth lot came out for the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families.
 25 And their border was Helkath, and Hali, and Beten, and Achshaph,
 26 And Alammelech, and Amad, and Misheal; and reacheth to Carmel westward, and to Shihorlibnath;
 27 And turneth toward the sunrising to Bethdagon, and reacheth to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthahel toward the north side of Bethemek, and Neiel, and goeth out to Cabul on the left hand,
 28 And Hebron, and Rehob, and Hammon, and Kanah, even unto great Zidon;
 29 And then the coast turneth to Ramah, and to the strong city Tyre; and the coast turneth to Hosah; and the outgoings thereof are at the sea from the coast to Achzib: 
.30 Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages.
 31 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages.
  28 - Rehob Or "Rehov" It is considered by archaeologists to be Tel Kabri in Northern Israel, a Canaanite palace and private homes. It is dated as Middle Bronze age II (2300-1200) B.C.E. (or B.C.).
  29 - Coast Or "boundary."
  29 - Strong city of Tyre Literally "the city of the fortified rock." The city on the rock island was not thought to have been built until some 200 years later ez2607.
.32 ¶ The sixth lot came out to the children of Naphtali, even for the children of Naphtali according to their families.
.33 And their coast was from Heleph, from Allon to Zaanannim, and Adami, Nekeb, and Jabneel, unto Lakum; and the outgoings thereof were at Jordan:
 34 And then the coast turneth westward to Aznothtabor, and goeth out from thence to Hukkok, and reacheth to Zebulun on the south side, and reacheth to Asher on the west side, and to Judah upon Jordan toward the sunrising.
 35 And the fenced cities are Ziddim, Zer, and Hammath, Rakkath, and Chinnereth,
.36 And Adamah, and Ramah, and Hazor,
 37 And Kedesh, and Edrei, and Enhazor,
 38 And Iron, and Migdalel, Horem, and Bethanath, and Bethshemesh; nineteen cities with their villages.
 39 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Naphtali according to their families, the cities and their villages.
  33 - Jabneel See Galilee map, center.
  34 - Hukkok See north edge of the map.
  36 - Adamah See west of Sea of Galilee.
.40 And the seventh lot came out for the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families.
.41 And the coast of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Irshemesh,
 42 And Shaalabbin, and Ajalon, and Jethlah,
 43 And Elon, and Thimnathah, and Ekron,
.44 And Eltekeh, and Gibbethon, and Baalath,
 45 And Jehud, and Beneberak, and Gathrimmon,
  41 - Coast That is, border.
  41 - Zorah Probably in the wadi es-Sarar. About 15 miles (24 km.) west of Jerusalem. The home of Samson's father jg1302. Ir-shemesh and Beth-shemeh are probably the same town.
  44 - Gibbethon Meaning "mound" or "height" about 7 mi. (11.5 km.) southeast of Japho (or Jaffa). See below.
 46 And Mejarkon, and Rakkon, with the border before Japho.   46 - Japho Means "beauty." A city in the main part of Judea. Later called Joppa. See map. Today known as Jaffa. The text seems to imply that Japho was not part of the territory of Dan. See map B-4.
.47 And the coast of the children of Dan went out too little for them: therefore the children of Dan went up to fight against Leshem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and possessed it, and dwelt therein, and called Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their father.
 48 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families, these cities with their villages.
  47 - ... too little ... Literal translation: "the territory of Dan went out (slipped away) from them." jg0134. They were unable to remove the evil of the region. They did not apply the power God had offered de0717ff. Their choosing a place God had not assigned showed their sinful character. The tribe of Dan does not appear among the sealed ones in re0704ff. Compare ge4916f.
  47 - Leshem A town at the foot of Mt. Lebanon in the North. The report of finding and taking the town is in jg18. Some believe this act of the Danites occurred after Joshua's time but there is no good evidence for this. Also a later inspired writer could have added the account. The argument for Joshua as the book's author is supported by comparison to the books of Moses.
* In both cases, the third person is used.
* Historical data which would have been known and recorded by the leader is included.
* More recent place names could have been subsisted by scribes at later times. The story of Leshem could have been added to complete the picture in our present verse.
* In the episode of jos0625 Rehab was living at the time of writing or updating. She would have been dead by the later date some scholars assign for Lesham (Laish).
* Finally, whether Joshua the book or not does not affect its inspiration by the Holy Spirit.
 49 ¶ When they had made an end of dividing the land for inheritance by their coasts, the children of Israel gave an inheritance to Joshua the son of Nun among them:
 50 According to the word of the LORD they gave him the city which he asked, even Timnathserah in mount Ephraim: and he built the city, and dwelt therein.
  49 - Inheritance to Joshua How different were the ambitions of later political leaders! 1ki1023. The people gave an inheritance to Joshua. They loved their unselfish leader. And they remained faithful to God jos2432, jg0207. Consider Christ ro1503 and the principle of greatness mr1031.
  50 - Timnathserah Means "the reaming portion."
 51 These are the inheritances, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, divided for an inheritance by lot in Shiloh before the LORD, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. So they made an end of dividing the country.
Verses indicated in the link codes are often only the first of a passage.
  51 - Door of the tabernacle The land distribution was lead by God, yet some complained jos1714.

__________________________________


Previous
Next
 Joshua home
Commentary home
Contact