Joshua 18
Seven tribes had not been given their inheritance when all met at Shiloh
.1 ¶ And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there. And the land was subdued before them.   Shiloh The name means "place of rest" It was probably chosen because the tabernacle rested there after being carried from place to place for more than 40 years. The location was central, isolated, protected, and near Joshua.
 2 ¶ And there remained among the children of Israel seven tribes, which had not yet received their inheritance.
 3 And Joshua said unto the children of Israel, How long are ye slack to go to possess the land, which the LORD God of your fathers hath given you?
 4 Give out from among you three men for each tribe: and I will send them, and they shall rise, and go through the land, and describe it according to the inheritance of them; and they shall come again to me.
 5 And they shall divide it into seven parts: Judah shall abide in their coast on the south, and the house of Joseph shall abide in their coasts on the north.
 6 Ye shall therefore describe the land into seven parts, and bring the description hither to me, that I may cast lots for you here before the LORD our God.
  3 - Slack They were at ease haven taken the wealth of the Canaanites. When we seek comfortable places among those of common belief, we fail to move out to share truth with those in darkness.
  4 - Three men Probably from each of the remaining tribes.
  6 - Cast lots See on jos0714, jos1402.
 7 But the Levites have no part among you; for the priesthood of the LORD is their inheritance: and Gad, and Reuben, and half the tribe of Manasseh, have received their inheritance beyond Jordan on the east, which Moses the servant of the LORD gave them.
 8 And the men arose, and went away: and Joshua charged them that went to describe the land, saying, Go and walk through the land, and describe it, and come again to me, that I may here cast lots for you before the LORD in Shiloh.
 9 And the men went and passed through the land, and described it by cities into seven parts in a book, and came again to Joshua to the host at Shiloh.
 10 And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD: and there Joshua divided the land unto the children of Israel according to their divisions.
  9 - Described ... in a book They may have drawn maps. The Egyptians had practiced the skill.
 11 ¶ And the lot of the tribe of the children of Benjamin came up according to their families: and the coast of their lot came forth between the children of Judah and the children of Joseph.
.12 And their border on the north side was from Jordan; and the border went up to the side of Jericho on the north side, and went up through the mountains westward; and the goings out thereof were at the wilderness of Bethaven.
.13 And the border went over from thence toward Luz, to the side of Luz, which is Bethel, southward; and the border descended to Atarothadar, near the hill that lieth on the south side of the nether Bethhoron.
.14 And the border was drawn thence, and compassed the corner of the sea southward, from the hill that lieth before Bethhoron southward; and the goings out thereof were at Kirjathbaal, which is Kirjathjearim, a city of the children of Judah: this was the west quarter.
  14 - Corner of the sea Literally, "side of the sea." In Hebrew, the word for sea often means "west." The Mediterranean was to the west.
  14 - Bethhoron. See NW corner of Jerusalem area map for arrow to Bethhoron.
 15 And the south quarter was from the end of Kirjathjearim, and the border went out on the west, and went out to the well of waters of Nephtoah:
.16 And the border came down to the end of the mountain that lieth before the valley of the son of Hinnom, and which is in the valley of the giants on the north, and descended to the valley of Hinnom, to the side of Jebusi on the south, and descended to Enrogel,
  16 - Border ... valley ... Hinnom See Jerusalem map.
 17 And was drawn from the north, and went forth to Enshemesh, and went forth toward Geliloth, which is over against the going up of Adummim, and descended to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben,
 18 And passed along toward the side over against Arabah northward, and went down unto Arabah: 
 19 And the border passed along to the side of Bethhoglah northward: and the outgoings of the border were at the north bay of the salt sea at the south end of Jordan: this was the south coast. 
 20 And Jordan was the border of it on the east side. This was the inheritance of the children of Benjamin, by the coasts thereof round about, according to their families.
  17 - En-shemesh Meaning "'The fountain of the sun;' a proof of the idolatrous nature of the ancient inhabitants of this land." (Clarke)
 21 Now the cities of the tribe of the children of Benjamin according to their families were Jericho, and Bethhoglah, and the valley of Keziz,
.22 And Betharabah, and Zemaraim, and Bethel,
 23 And Avim, and Parah, and Ophrah,
 24 And Chepharhaammonai, and Ophni, and Gaba; twelve cities with their villages:
.25 Gibeon, and Ramah, and Beeroth,
.26 And Mizpeh, and Chephirah, and Mozah,
 27 And Rekem, and Irpeel, and Taralah,
 28 And Zelah, Eleph, and Jebusi, which is Jerusalem, Gibeath, and Kirjath; fourteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the children of Benjamin according to their families.
  23 - Ophrah Possibly the one in 1sa1317 and not the one of jg0611. And may be the same as Ephrian in 2ch1319 and with different spelling in jn1154.
  25 - Ramah This and other towns mentioned in these verses are north of Jerusalem. See map


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