| 1 ¶ And these are the
countries which the children of Israel inherited in the land of Canaan,
which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the
fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, distributed for inheritance
.2 By lot was their inheritance, as the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses, for the nine tribes, and for the half tribe.
3 For Moses had given the inheritance of two tribes and an half tribe on the other side Jordan: but unto the Levites he gave none inheritance among them.
| 1 -
These are the countries Without the words supplied by translators,
the text may read simply, "These are the inheritances which the children
of Israel received in the land. . . ." RSV.
1 - Eleazar the priest and Joshua Notice who is mentioned first. He was Aaron's third son and followed him in the priesthood ex0623ff, nu2025ff. It was God's plan that the spiritual leader be first and Joshua would come to him to learn the will of the Lord de1709.
2 - By lot According to the theory of rabbis, stones with tribe names on them were in one urn and with locations in another. The word means "pebble." The result would probably have indicated only general areas leaving borders to be worked out nu2651ff, nu3354
For the children of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim: therefore
they gave no part unto the Levites in the land, save cities to dwell in,
with their suburbs for their cattle and for their substance.
5 As the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of Israel did, and they divided the land.
... no part to the Levites The latter were to live among the people
who were to support them by the tithes. Without Levi there would have been
only eleven territorial tribes. Joseph was added but sometimes one of his
sons, Ephriam, was named instead. Thus there were always twelve.
Suburbs Literally "pastures" These would have been in the areas around the cities nu3501ff. Also jos2102.
¶ Then the children of Judah came unto Joshua in Gilgal: and Caleb
the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite said unto him, Thou knowest the thing
that the LORD said unto Moses the man of God concerning me and thee in
.7 Forty years old was I when Moses the servant of the LORD sent me from Kadeshbarnea to espy out the land; and I brought him word again as it was in mine heart.
8 Nevertheless my brethren that went up with me made the heart of the people melt: but I wholly followed the LORD my God.
|6 - Caleb the son of Jephnneh the Kenezite Caleb could have been a brother of Kenaz. It is also likely that Caleb was not an Israelite but a proselyte like some of Moses' relatives jg0116, ge1519. He certainly was faithful to the Lord. Kenaz was a grandson of Esau ge3611.|
| 9 And Moses sware on that
day, saying, Surely the land whereon thy feet have trodden shall be thine
inheritance, and thy children's for ever, because thou hast wholly followed
the LORD my God.
10 And now, behold, the LORD hath kept me alive, as he said, these forty and five years, even since the LORD spake this word unto Moses, while the children of Israel wandered in the wilderness: and now, lo, I am this day fourscore and five years old.
11 As yet I am as strong this day as I was in the day that Moses sent me: as my strength was then, even so is my strength now, for war, both to go out, and to come in.
| 9 -
Moses sware See text beginning with nu1420
9 - Whereon thy feet See v6.
10 - Kept me alive Only Joshua, among those who had wandered in the wilderness, was his age peer.
| 12 Now therefore give me this
mountain, whereof the LORD spake in that day; for thou heardest in that
day how the Anakims were there, and that the cities were great and fenced:
if so be the LORD will be with me, then I shall be able to drive them out,
as the LORD said.
.13 And Joshua blessed him, and gave unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh Hebron for an inheritance.
14 Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite unto this day, because that he wholly followed the LORD God of Israel.
.15 And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; which Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.
- Give me this mountain An inspiring testimony! Caleb had trusted
God to take care of the giants when he was sent to survey the land many
years before and he knew God would be with him now.
13 - Gave unto Caleb ... Hebron "One of the most ancient cities of Canaan, being built seven years before Tanis, the capital of Lower Egypt, Nu 13:22. It was anciently called Kirjath-arba ... and was a favorite residence of the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Here too they were buried, Ge 14:13-24; 23:2-19; 35:27. Under Joshua and Caleb the Israelites conquered it from the Canaanites and Anakim, and it was afterwards made a Levitical city of refuge, Jos 14:13-15; 15:13; 21:11,13; Jg 1:10,20. It was David's seat of government during the seven years when he reigned over Judah only, 2Sa 2:3; 5:5...." (ATS Dictionary).