¶ The LORD also spake unto Joshua, saying,
2 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Appoint out for you cities of refuge, whereof I spake unto you by the hand of Moses:
.3 That the slayer that killeth any person unawares and unwittingly may flee thither: and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood.
|3 - Unawares and unwittingly Literally "by mistake in not knowing" nu3522, de1904. Willful murder, even for one at the altar in a city of refuge, was to be punished by death ex2114.
And when he that doth flee unto one of those cities shall stand at the
entering of the gate of the city, and shall declare his cause in the ears
of the elders of that city, they shall take him into the city unto them,
and give him a place, that he may dwell among them.
5 And if the avenger of blood pursue after him, then they shall not deliver the slayer up into his hand; because he smote his neighbour unwittingly, and hated him not beforetime.
|4 - Doth flee The slayer was responsible to flee as we must flee to Christ he0618. Sin posts were to be set up directing the slayer as we must point sinners to Christ.
|6 And he shall dwell in that city, until he stand before the congregation for judgment, and until the death of the high priest that shall be in those days: then shall the slayer return, and come unto his own city, and unto his own house, unto the city from whence he fled.
Probably people from the accused's own city. Compare nu3524.
Death of the high priest This would logically end the plaintif's time to demand the death of the slayer.
| 7 ¶ And they appointed
Kedesh in Galilee in mount Naphtali, and Shechem in mount Ephraim, and
Kirjatharba, which is Hebron, in the mountain of Judah.
.8 And on the other side Jordan by Jericho eastward, they assigned Bezer in the wilderness upon the plain out of the tribe of Reuben, and Ramoth in Gilead out of the tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan out of the tribe of Manasseh.
|.9 These were the cities appointed for all the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth among them, that whosoever killeth any person at unawares might flee thither, and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood, until he stood before the congregation.