| 1 ¶ Now it came to pass,
when Adonizedek king of Jerusalem had heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and
had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he
had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made
peace with Israel, and were among them;
2 That they feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, as one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all the men thereof were mighty.
.3 Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,
.4 Come up unto me, and help me, that we may smite Gibeon: for it hath made peace with Joshua and with the children of Israel.
5 Therefore the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together, and went up, they and all their hosts, and encamped before Gibeon, and made war against it.
| 1 -
Ai Pronounced by archaeologists like "eye."
1 - Adnizedek The name means, "my lord is righteousness."
1 - Jerusalem Here is the first mention of the city name. The last part, "salem," means peace he0702. The first could mean "settlement" or "inheritance." Ancient records show that this is the same Jerusalem we know today. In the time of the judges, the city had the name Jebus or Jebusi. The Jebusites were not removed from the city until the time of David.
And the men of Gibeon sent unto Joshua to the camp to Gilgal, saying, Slack
not thy hand from thy servants; come up to us quickly, and save us, and
help us: for all the kings of the Amorites that dwell in the mountains
are gathered together against us.
.7 ¶ So Joshua ascended from Gilgal, he, and all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valour.
8 And the LORD said unto Joshua, Fear them not: for I have delivered them into thine hand; there shall not a man of them stand before thee.
| 6 -
Gibeon sent ... save us We, although unworthy, likewise need to
be saved from the sin that we cannot resist without emergency help.
6 - Amorites ... in the mountains The five cities jos2111 were not all in the mountains called "the hill country."
| 9 Joshua therefore came unto
them suddenly, and went up from Gilgal all night.
10 And the LORD discomfited them before Israel, and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them along the way that goeth up to Bethhoron, and smote them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah.
.11 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron, that the LORD cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword.
- Gibeon See Jerusalem area map,
10 - Bethhoron See arrow on the same map.
11 - Great [hail]stones The Lord protects and works for us when we are committed to Him. Compare ex0918.
Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the
Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel,
Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.
.13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.
14 And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the LORD hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the LORD fought for Israel.
15 ¶ And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, unto the camp to Gilgal.
- To the Lord The Syriac Bible version reads "Before the Lord."
See below. The Hebrew may be translated
"with regard to the Lord." In other words, Joshua spoke as a prophet or
otherwise with the Lord's authorization.
12 - Sun, stand thou still To cause this effect the rotation of the earth could be stopped. Some refer to science pointing to the disastrous effects if this were to happen. However, the Creator who established the rules of science ps03306-9 is the Lord of those rules.
13 - About a whole day The Hebrew is not specific. A literal translation is "as a perfect day."
13 - Book of Jasher Literally ""book of the upright." The Syriac would translate "a book of praises," or "book of hymns" It was apparently a collection of ballads and prose to which additions were made over the years. The book is mentioned here and in 2sa0118. It was probably the "book of the song" in 1ki0853.
| 16 But these five kings fled,
and hid themselves in a cave at Makkedah.
17 And it was told Joshua, saying, The five kings are found hid in a cave at Makkedah.
18 And Joshua said, Roll great stones upon the mouth of the cave, and set men by it for to keep them:
19 And stay ye not, but pursue after your enemies, and smite the hindmost of them; suffer them not to enter into their cities: for the LORD your God hath delivered them into your hand.
20 And it came to pass, when Joshua and the children of Israel had made an end of slaying them with a very great slaughter, till they were consumed, that the rest which remained of them entered into fenced cities.
21 And all the people returned to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah in peace: none moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel.
- Makkedah Location unknown.
19 - Stay ye not Or "Don't stand still."
| 22 Then said Joshua, Open
the mouth of the cave, and bring out those five kings unto me out of the
23 And they did so, and brought forth those five kings unto him out of the cave, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon.
24 And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them.
25 And Joshua said unto them, Fear not, nor be dismayed, be strong and of good courage: for thus shall the LORD do to all your enemies against whom ye fight.
.26 And afterward Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on five trees: and they were hanging upon the trees until the evening.
27 And it came to pass at the time of the going down of the sun, that Joshua commanded, and they took them down off the trees, and cast them into the cave wherein they had been hid, and laid great stones in the cave's mouth, which remain until this very day.
|26 - Slew ... hanged Compare jos0829.|
| 28 ¶ And that day Joshua
took Makkedah, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and the king thereof
he utterly destroyed, them, and all the souls that were therein; he let
none remain: and he did to the king of Makkedah as he did unto the king
.29 Then Joshua passed from Makkedah, and all Israel with him, unto Libnah, and fought against Libnah:
30 And the LORD delivered it also, and the king thereof, into the hand of Israel; and he smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein; he let none remain in it; but did unto the king thereof as he did unto the king of Jericho.
31 And Joshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him, unto Lachish, and encamped against it, and fought against it:
And the LORD delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, which took it on
the second day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls
that were therein, according to all that he had done to Libnah.
33 Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.
34 And from Lachish Joshua passed unto Eglon, and all Israel with him; and they encamped against it, and fought against it:
35 And they took it on that day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein he utterly destroyed that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish
|32 - Lachish "A city in the southwest part of Judah, Jos 10:3,5,31 [on this page]; fortified by Rehoboam, 2Ch 11:9, and strong enough to resist for a time the whole army of Sennacherib, 2Ki 18:17; 19:8; 2Ch 32:1,9,21; Mic 1:13. It was here that king Amaziah was slain, 2Ki 14:19." (ATS Dict.). See map, SW corner.|
| 36 And Joshua went up from
Eglon, and all Israel with him, unto Hebron; and they fought against it:
37 And they took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof, and all the souls that were therein; he left none remaining, according to all that he had done to Eglon; but destroyed it utterly, and all the souls that were therein.
.38 And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:
39 And he took it, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed all the souls that were therein; he left none remaining: as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to the king thereof; as he had done also to Libnah, and to her king.
- Hebron A center or association of cities.
38 - Debir Known by the Canaanites as Kirjath-sepher or "city of books." See it as "Kirjath-sannah," city of palm trees," in jos1549.
So Joshua smote all the country of the hills, and of the south, and of
the vale, and of the springs, and all their kings: he left none remaining,
but utterly destroyed all that breathed, as the LORD God of Israel commanded.
41 And Joshua smote them from Kadeshbarnea even unto Gaza, and all the country of Goshen, even unto Gibeon.
42 And all these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the LORD God of Israel fought for Israel.
43 And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, unto the camp to Gilgal.
- Goshen An area in Southern Judah, not to be confused with the
area of Egypt by that name. See jos1116,
43 - Gilgal See on jos0906, v7.
- - -
A Bible version A Syriac version of the Old Testament, containing all the canonical books, along with some apocryphal books (called the Peshitto, i.e., simple translation, and not a paraphrase), was made early in the second century, and is therefore the first Christian translation of the Old Testament. It was made directly from the original, and not from the LXX. Version [Septuagint]. The New Testament was also translated from Greek into Syriac about the same time. It is noticeable that this version does not contain the Second and Third Epistles of John, 2nd Peter, Jude, and the Apocalypse. These were, however, translated subsequently and placed in the version. Quoted except words in green from the Easton's Bible Dictionary in the public domain.