Canst thou draw out leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord which
thou lettest down?
2 Canst thou put an hook into his nose? or bore his jaw through with a thorn?
3 Will he make many supplications unto thee? will he speak soft words unto thee?
4 Will he make a covenant with thee? wilt thou take him for a servant for ever?
5 Wilt thou play with him as with a bird? or wilt thou bind him for thy maidens?
6 Shall the companions make a banquet of him? shall they part him among the merchants?
7 Canst thou fill his skin with barbed irons? or his head with fish spears?
|1 - Leviathan
This word is a transliteration of the
Hebrew. It means "their mourning." See on jb0308.
The animal could have been a giant species of the crocodile or an extinct
animal, or a fictional one.
We also saw an earth beast, Behemoth jb4015. It is interesting that a sea beast and an earth beast are pictured in re13.
1 - Cord Assyrian sculptures picture animals led by a rope attached to their mouths.
2 - Hook Literally "thorn." as one would catch a fish.
2 - Thorn Or "ring." Used for captured prisoners 2ki1928, 2ch3311, am0402.
4 - Make a covenant Could Job tame such a creature to make him his slave? ex2106, de1517.
5 - Play with him The "maidens" would not have liked the idea.
| 8 Lay thine hand upon him,
remember the battle, do no more.
9 Behold, the hope of him is in vain: shall not one be cast down even at the sight of him?
10 None is so fierce that dare stir him up: who then is able to stand before me?
|10 - Who then is able to stand? If man dare not stir up such a monster, who could stand before the God who created it?|
¶ Who hath prevented me, that I should repay him? whatsoever is under
the whole heaven is mine.
12 I will not conceal his parts, nor his power, nor his comely proportion.
- Prevented Or "preceded" in modern English. To whom am I
[God] indebted? He owns everything already.
11 - I will not conceal Perhaps God is showing Job this animal as what he needs to fear leading him to trust the greater power of God.
| 13 Who can discover the face
of his garment? or who can come to him with his double bridle?
14 Who can open the doors of his face? his teeth are terrible round about.
15 His scales are his pride, shut up together as with a close seal.
16 One is so near to another, that no air can come between them.
17 They are joined one to another, they stick together, that they cannot be sundered.
| Watch for similarities
between Leviathan and the beast from the sea of Revelation 13.
15 - Scales are his pride He considers himself invincible. Compare re1304.
| 18 By his neesings a light
doth shine, and his eyes are like the eyelids of the morning.
19 Out of his mouth go burning lamps, and sparks of fire leap out.
20 Out of his nostrils goeth smoke, as out of a seething pot or caldron.
21 His breath kindleth coals, and a flame goeth out of his mouth.
22 In his neck remaineth strength, and sorrow is turned into joy before him.
23 The flakes of his flesh are joined together: they are firm in themselves; they cannot be moved.
- Neesings In modern English, "sneezing." When emerging,
amphibians are said to quickly expel their breath. The water and their
eyes reflect sunlight.
18 - Eyelids of the morning Egyptian hieroglyphs use crocodile eyes as the word for "morning." It seems likely to me that the protrusion of the eyes above the head reminded the ancients of the sun coming up.
20 - Seething Literally "blown under." The picture seems to be of a furious fire as when it is blown on. So we see air and water from the nostrils. v21 seems to amplify the picture.
22 - Sorrow is turned into joy Seems unlikely. "sorrow dances before him." (NKJV); "terror dances before him." (RSV).
23 - Flakes of his flesh "The folds of his flesh are tightly joined; they are firm and immovable." (NIV). When one of these animals was killed or died and observed, the flesh probably seemed very firm compared to that of other animals. Compare v29.
His heart is as firm as a stone; yea, as hard as a piece of the nether
25 When he raiseth up himself, the mighty are afraid: by reason of breakings they purify themselves.
26 The sword of him that layeth at him cannot hold: the spear, the dart, nor the habergeon.
27 He esteemeth iron as straw, and brass as rotten wood.
28 The arrow cannot make him flee: slingstones are turned with him into stubble.
29 Darts are counted as stubble: he laugheth at the shaking of a spear.
30 Sharp stones are under him: he spreadeth sharp pointed things upon the mire.
- Heart "His chest is hard as rock, hard as a lower millstone."
(NIV). Comparing to the beast from the sea of Revelation, Satan, called
"the dragon" was unrepentant and cast out of heaven. re1207.
25 - Breakings Hebrew sheh'ber. Also means "crashing," destruction," "vexation." So "anxiety."
25 - Purify themselves This would mean prepare to die. The dragon of Revelation, through his agents, sea and earth beasts, threatened those who refused the popular religion with death re1315.
26-29 No comment needed.
30 - Sharp stones are under The tough belly is like pieces of broken pottery. The word for "stones" should be "potsherds."
30 - Sharp ... upon the mire Footprints.
|The description closes with a summary which shows that Leviathan is the imagery source for the dragon which we discover in Revelation 12 to be the devil re1209. We also find that the beast that arose out of the sea was a religio-political power that got its power from the dragon re1302 and that the earth beast in the latter part of the chapter operated under the authority of the sea beast re1312.|
| 31 He maketh the deep to boil
like a pot: he maketh the sea like a pot of ointment.
.32 He maketh a path to shine after him; one would think the deep to be hoary.
.33 Upon earth there is not his like, who is made without fear.
34 He beholdeth all high things: he is a king over all the children of pride.
- Sea to boil Water splashing.
32 - Path Apparently a wake. Compare re1303.
32 - Think the deep to be Horay Hair white with age. See da0709, da0725 and on mt1618.
33 - Upon earth ... not his like Compare re1304.
34 - Beholdeth high Lucifer is1414. Also re1301, 2th0204, da0811a.
34 - King over all children of pride Compare re0911. Pride is arrogance or lack of fear v33. The first of three angels gives the end-time call to fear or respect God re1407. v33. The "children of pride" are thus the end-time wicked.