Ezra 5

Haggai and Zechariah encourage Zerubbabel and Jeshua to begin building the temple 1
Tatnai and Shethar-boznai tried to hinder the work 3
The letter they wrote to get it stopped 6
Cyrus mentioned 13
  1 ¶ Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied unto the Jews that were in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, even unto them.
.2 Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem: and with them were the prophets of God helping them.
  Prophets The first mention of this ministry after the return from Babylon.
  Prophesied unto the Jews The people didn't want to have the temple built.
  Haggai A common name in this time. Not the prophet who had earlier written a book for the Bible.
  Son of Iddo As we would consider it, he was the grandson zc0101, 1ch0613. "Son" often means "descendant."
  Prophesied They gave a message which had been prompted by God.
  Zerubbabel The same as earlier ezr0202.
.3 ¶ At the same time came to them Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai, and their companions, and said thus unto them, Who hath commanded you to build this house, and to make up this wall?
 4 Then said we unto them after this manner, What are the names of the men that make this building? 
.5 But the eye of their God was upon the elders of the Jews, that they could not cause them to cease, till the matter came to Darius: and then they returned answer by letter concerning this matter.
  3 - Who hath commanded you? Tatnai apparently wanted to understand the situation before passing on a complaint from the enemies of the Jews.
  3 - Wall This is not what the Aramaic word means. The meaning is unclear. The word has been given a variety of meanings in extrabiblical writings.
  5 - The eye of their God The Lord was directing. See ps03415, jb3607.
.6 The copy of the letter that Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai, and his companions the Apharsachites, which were on this side the river, sent unto Darius the king:
 7 They sent a letter unto him, wherein was written thus; Unto Darius the king, all peace. 
 8 Be it known unto the king, that we went into the province of Judea, to the house of the great God, which is builded with great stones, and timber is laid in the walls, and this work goeth fast on, and prospereth in their hands. 
 9 Then asked we those elders, and said unto them thus, Who commanded you to build this house, and to make up these walls?
 10 We asked their names also, to certify thee, that we might write the names of the men that were the chief of them.
  8 - The house of the great God A significant testimony from one of another faith.
 11 And thus they returned us answer, saying, We are the servants of the God of heaven and earth, and build the house that was builded these many years ago, which a great king of Israel builded and set up.
 12 But after that our fathers had provoked the God of heaven unto wrath, he gave them into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, the Chaldean, who destroyed this house, and carried the people away into Babylon.
.13 But in the first year of Cyrus the king of Babylon the same king Cyrus made a decree to build this house of God.
 14 And the vessels also of gold and silver of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took out of the temple that was in Jerusalem, and brought them into the temple of Babylon, those did Cyrus the king take out of the temple of Babylon, and they were delivered unto one, whose name was Sheshbazzar, whom he had made governor; 
 15 And said unto him, Take these vessels, go, carry them into the temple that is in Jerusalem, and let the house of God be builded in his place.
  15 - In this place God had indicated the place ge2202, 2sa2416, 2ch0701. Conflict about occupation of  this site has caused great hurt and hatred. Does the modern nation of Israel have a right to it? See on je0110.
 16 Then came the same Sheshbazzar, and laid the foundation of the house of God which is in Jerusalem: and since that time even until now hath it been in building, and yet it is not finished.
 17 Now therefore, if it seem good to the king, let there be search made in the king's treasure house, which is there at Babylon, whether it be so, that a decree was made of Cyrus the king to build this house of God at Jerusalem, and let the king send his pleasure to us concerning this matter.
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