¶ The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests that were
in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin:
.2 To whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign.
3 It came also in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, unto the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah the son of Josiah king of Judah, unto the carrying away of Jerusalem captive in the fifth month.
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Apparently the one who found the book of the law
1 - Of the priests Jeremiah was born into the priesthood.
1 - Anathoth NW of Jerusalem. See map.
2 - Thirteenth year Around 626 BC. As priest in Anathoth he had probably been calling people to be faithful to God before this time.
¶ Then the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
.5 Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations.
.6 Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! behold, I cannot speak: for I am a child.
.7 But the LORD said unto me, Say not, I am a child: for thou shalt go to all that I shall send thee, and whatsoever I command thee thou shalt speak.
.8 Be not afraid of their faces: for I am with thee to deliver thee, saith the LORD.
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Or "Alas." He felt unworthy and was fearful je1510.
6 - I am a child Moses felt like this, too ex0410, but when God calls, He provides as we see in the next verses. The word for "child" means "young man."
8 - Be not afraid Important for us to remember when following the orders of God. The text is also a promise for those who have unnatural fears, believing everyone is trying to harm them.
Then the LORD put forth his hand, and touched my mouth. And the LORD said
unto me, Behold, I have put my words in thy mouth.
.10 See, I have this day set thee over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant.
9 - Mouth Jeremiah would speak for God with certainty.
10 - Set thee over the nations It sounds like he would be a mighty king. Such was not the case in a literal sense. Seeing the verse in context, we realize that he would speak with the authority of God who was over the nations. When God declared that Jerusalem would be destroyed, it was through the mouth of His prophet, Jeremiah je0601.
- Pull down See je1807.
10 - Build ... Plant See je3128, je3207. See especially je3314 with comments.
Could this verse have a future fulfillment? According to a popular theory, the Jewish people are to have another chance. This ignores several principles (1) The time of the Jews as a nation ended when they rejected their Messiah mt2133. Individuals would be grafted back into the tree, but the nation would not ro1125. (2) Promises in which humans have a role, are conditional jon0310, de2801. (3) Probation closes for everyone at the beginning of the thousand years re1917. (4) Seeing a future role for the Jewish nation or all ethnic Jews is based on the 70th week of Daniel 9 being cut off and placed in the future. This idea is not biblical (da0927a see note that applies). (5) Assuming a different way of salvation for the Jews implies a different gospel which Paul clarifies as impossible ga0308.
¶ Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Jeremiah, what
seest thou? And I said, I see a rod of an almond tree.
12 Then said the LORD unto me, Thou hast well seen: for I will hasten my word to perform it.
And the word of the LORD came unto me the second time, saying, What seest
thou? And I said, I see a seething pot; and the face thereof is toward
.14 Then the LORD said unto me, Out of the north an evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land.
.15 For, lo, I will call all the families of the kingdoms of the north, saith the LORD; and they shall come, and they shall set every one his throne at the entering of the gates of Jerusalem, and against all the walls thereof round about, and against all the cities of Judah.
.16 And I will utter my judgments against them touching all their wickedness, who have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other gods, and worshipped the works of their own hands. image © Good Salt.com).
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14 - Out of the north ... evil Although Babylon was to the east, invaders took a rout where water was available and came from the north. Assyria (Syria) was literally north, but the threat in the time of Jeremiah was Babylon.
Thou therefore gird up thy loins, and arise, and speak unto them all that
I command thee: be not dismayed at their faces, lest I confound thee before
18 For, behold, I have made thee this day a defenced city [or "walled], and an iron pillar, and brasen walls against the whole land, against the kings of Judah, against the princes thereof, against the priests thereof, and against the people of the land.
19 And they shall fight against thee; but they shall not prevail against thee; for I am with thee, saith the LORD, to deliver thee.
- Gird up "It is a speech taken from the custom of the countries
where they wore long garments; and therefore they girt them up about them,
that they might not hinder them in any work that required expedition."
(John Wesley's Notes...."
17 - Dismayed ... faces "the same Hebrew word; literally, 'to break.' Be not dismayed at their faces (before them), lest I make thee dismayed before their faces (before them), that is, 'lest I should permit thee to be overcome by them (compare Jer 49:37). (JFB).
19 - I am with thee See ex3314.