1 Chronicles 26

Census of gatekeepers; from Korah  1
Gatekeepers from Hosah (the Merarite); their duties  10
Deployment of gatekeeper guards  17
Levites over the treasury and sacred things  20
Judges, military and other responsibilities  29
 1 ¶ Concerning the divisions of the porters [gatekeepers]: Of the Korhites was Meshelemiah the son of Kore, of the sons of Asaph.
 2  And the sons of Meshelemiah were, Zechariah the firstborn, Jediael the second, Zebadiah the third, Jathniel the fourth,
.3  Elam the fifth, Jehohanan the sixth, Elioenai the seventh.
.4  Moreover the sons of Obededom were, Shemaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the second, Joah the third, and Sacar the fourth, and Nethaneel the fifth,
  1 - Porters Or gatekeepers. We may see them as the police force.
  2 - Zechariah Not the one whose prophecy is in a book by that name zc0101.
.5  Ammiel the sixth, Issachar the seventh, Peulthai the eighth: for God blessed him.
 6  Also unto Shemaiah his son were sons born, that ruled throughout the house of their father: for they were mighty men of valour.
 7  The sons of Shemaiah; Othni, and Rephael, and Obed, Elzabad, whose brethren were strong men, Elihu, and Semachiah.
 8  All these of the sons of Obededom: they and their sons and their brethren, able men for strength for the service, were threescore and two of Obededom.
 9  And Meshelemiah had sons and brethren, strong men, eighteen.
  5 - God blessed him "that is, Obed-edom [verse 4]. The occasion of the blessing was his faithful custody of the ark (2Sa 6:11,12). The nature of the blessing (Ps 127:5) consisted in the great increase of progeny by which his house was distinguished; seventy-two descendants are reckoned." (JFB commentary)
.10  Also Hosah, of the children of Merari, had sons; Simri the chief, (for though he was not the firstborn, yet his father made him the chief;)
 11  Hilkiah the second, Tebaliah the third, Zechariah the fourth: all the sons and brethren of Hosah were thirteen.
.12  Among these were the divisions of the porters, even among the chief men, having wards one against another, to minister in the house of the LORD.
  10 - Father made him chief He was given authority over his brothers.
 13  And they cast lots, as well the small as the great, according to the house of their fathers, for every gate.
 14  And the lot eastward fell to Shelemiah. Then for Zechariah his son, a wise counsellor, they cast lots; and his lot came out northward.
 15  To Obededom southward; and to his sons the house of Asuppim.
.16  To Shuppim and Hosah the lot came forth westward, with the gate Shallecheth, by the causeway of the going up, ward against ward.
  14 - Zechariah ... wise counsellor. Are we wise counsellors?
  15 - Asuppim Or "collections." This gate may have been to the city landfill where trash and filth was taken.
  16 - To Shuppim and ...by the causeway. On the causeway, see 1ki1005.
.17  Eastward were six Levites, northward four a day, southward four a day, and toward Asuppim two and two.
.18  At Parbar westward, four at the causeway, and two at Parbar.
 19  These are the divisions of the porters among the sons of Kore, and among the sons of Merari.
- "Eastward were six Levites--because the gate there was the most frequented. There were four at the north gate; four at the south, at the storehouse which was adjoining the south, and which had two entrance gates, one leading in a southwesterly direction to the city, and the other direct west, two porters each. At the Parbar towards the west, there were six men posted--four at the causeway or ascent (1Ch 26:16), and two at Parbar, amounting to twenty-four in all, who were kept daily on guard." (JFB commentary)
.20 ¶ And of the Levites, Ahijah was over the treasures of the house of God, and over the treasures of the dedicated things.
 21  As concerning the sons of Laadan; the sons of the Gershonite Laadan, chief fathers, even of Laadan the Gershonite, were Jehieli.
 22  The sons of Jehieli; Zetham, and Joel his brother, which were over the treasures of the house of the LORD.
 23  Of the Amramites, and the Izharites, the Hebronites, and the Uzzielites:
 24  And Shebuel the son of Gershom, the son of Moses, was ruler of the treasures.
 25  And his brethren by Eliezer; Rehabiah his son, and Jeshaiah his son, and Joram his son, and Zichri his son, and Shelomith his son.
 26  Which Shelomith and his brethren were over all the treasures of the dedicated things, which David the king, and the chief fathers, the captains over thousands and hundreds, and the captains of the host, had dedicated.
 27  Out of the spoils won in battles did they dedicate to maintain the house of the LORD.
 28  And all that Samuel the seer, and Saul the son of Kish, and Abner the son of Ner, and Joab the son of Zeruiah, had dedicated; and whosoever had dedicated any thing, it was under the hand of Shelomith, and of his brethren.
  20 - Treasures of the house... This would include the ordinary temple income plus special offerings. See ex3011-16, le27, nu1816.
  "The heading of this section is altogether strange as it stands, for it looks as if the sacred historian were going to commence a new subject different from the preceding. Besides, 'Ahijah, whose name occurs after' the Levites, is not mentioned in the previous lists. It is totally unknown and is introduced abruptly without further information; and lastly, Ahijah must have united in his own person those very offices of which the occupants are named in the verses that follow. The reading is incorrect. The Septuagint has this very suitable heading, 'And their Levitical brethren over the treasures,' &c. [BERTHEAU]. The names of those who had charge of the treasure chambers at their respective wards are given, with a general description of the precious things committed to their trust. Those treasures were immense, consisting of the accumulated spoils of Israelitish victories, as well as of voluntary contributions made by David and the representatives of the people." 
  27 - Out of the spoils This was a common paractice.
.29 ¶ Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were for the outward business over Israel, for officers and judges.
 30  And of the Hebronites, Hashabiah and his brethren, men of valour, a thousand and seven hundred, were officers among them of Israel on this side Jordan westward in all the business of the LORD, and in the service of the king.
.31  Among the Hebronites was Jerijah the chief, even among the Hebronites, according to the generations of his fathers. In the fortieth year of the reign of David they were sought for, and there were found among them mighty men of valour at Jazer of Gilead.
 32  And his brethren, men of valour, were two thousand and seven hundred chief fathers, whom king David made rulers over the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, for every matter pertaining to God, and affairs of the king.
Officers and judges--"The word rendered 'officers' is the term which signifies scribes or secretaries, so that the Levitical class here described were magistrates, who, attended by their clerks, exercised judicial functions; there were six thousand of them (1Ch 23:4), who probably acted like their brethren on the principle of rotation, and these were divided into three classes--one (1Ch 26:29[at left]) for the outward business over Israel; one (1Ch 26:30), consisting of seventeen hundred, for the west of Jordan "in all business of the Lord, and in the service of the king'; and the third (1Ch 26:31,32), consisting of twenty-seven hundred, 'rulers for every matter pertaining to God, and affairs of the king.'" (JFB).
Chronicles home
Commentary home