|1 ¶ And
the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When a man shall make a singular vow, the persons shall be for the LORD by thy estimation.
3 And thy estimation shall be of the male from twenty years old even unto sixty years old, even thy estimation shall be fifty shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary.
4 And if it be a female, then thy estimation shall be thirty shekels.
| 2 -
vow These promises were often made in response to special blessings.
They tested the faith of those who made them.
3 - Estimation Set by God as listed in the next few verses. The redemption price was no different between the high priest and the common worker.
| 5 And if
it be from five years old even unto twenty years old, then thy estimation
shall be of the male twenty shekels, and for the female ten shekels.
6 And if it be from a month old even unto five years old, then thy estimation shall be of the male five shekels of silver, and for the female thy estimation shall be three shekels of silver.
7 And if it be from sixty years old and above; if it be a male, then thy estimation shall be fifteen shekels, and for the female ten shekels.
8 But if he be poorer than thy estimation, then he shall present himself before the priest, and the priest shall value him; according to his ability that vowed shall the priest value him.
| 9 And if it be a beast,
whereof men bring an offering unto the LORD, all that any man giveth of
such unto the LORD shall be holy.
10 He shall not alter it, nor change it, a good for a bad, or a bad for a good: and if he shall at all change beast for beast, then it and the exchange thereof shall be holy.
11 And if it be any unclean beast, of which they do not offer a sacrifice unto the LORD, then he shall present the beast before the priest:
12 And the priest shall value it, whether it be good or bad: as thou valuest it, who art the priest, so shall it be.
13 But if he will at all redeem it, then he shall add a fifth part thereof unto thy estimation.
|9 - If it be a beast Clean beasts vowed were to be holy (v10) and could only be used as sacrifices.|
¶ And when a man shall sanctify his house to be holy unto the LORD,
then the priest shall estimate it, whether it be good or bad: as the priest
shall estimate it, so shall it stand.
15 And if he that sanctified it will redeem his house, then he shall add the fifth part of the money of thy estimation unto it, and it shall be his.
16 And if a man shall sanctify unto the LORD some part of a field of his possession, then thy estimation shall be according to the seed thereof: an homer of barley seed shall be valued at fifty shekels of silver.
17 If he sanctify his field from the year of jubile, according to thy estimation it shall stand.
18 But if he sanctify his field after the jubile, then the priest shall reckon unto him the money according to the years that remain, even unto the year of the jubile, and it shall be abated from thy estimation.
|16-24 - Sanctify ... field In the case of acquired property in land, if not redeemed, it returned to the donor at the Jubilee; whereas the part of a hereditary estate, which had been vowed, did not revert to the owner, but remained attached in perpetuity to the sanctuary. The reason for this remarkable difference was to lay every man under an obligation to redeem the property, or stimulate his nearest kinsman to do it, in order to prevent a patrimonial inheritance going out from any family in Israel." (JFB).|
| 19 And if he that sanctified
the field will in any wise redeem it, then he shall add the fifth part
of the money of thy estimation unto it, and it shall be assured to him.
20 And if he will not redeem the field, or if he have sold the field to another man, it shall not be redeemed any more.
21 But the field, when it goeth out in the jubile, shall be holy unto the LORD, as a field devoted; the possession thereof shall be the priestís.
22 And if a man sanctify unto the LORD a field which he hath bought, which is not of the fields of his possession;
23 Then the priest shall reckon unto him the worth of thy estimation, even unto the year of the jubile: and he shall give thine estimation in that day, as a holy thing unto the LORD.
24 In the year of the jubile the field shall return unto him of whom it was bought, even to him to whom the possession of the land did belong.
25 And all thy estimations shall be according to the shekel of the sanctuary: twenty gerahs shall be the shekel.
¶ Only the firstling of the beasts, which should be the LORDíS firstling,
no man shall sanctify it; whether it be ox, or sheep: it is the LORDíS.
27 And if it be of an unclean beast, then he shall redeem it according to thine estimation, and shall add a fifth part of it thereto: or if it be not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to thy estimation.
the firstlings These, in the case of clean beasts, being consecrated
to God by a universal and standing law (Ex
could not be devoted; and in that of unclean beasts, were subject to the
rule mentioned." (JFB)
Also see verses 11, 12 above.
Notwithstanding no devoted thing, that a man shall devote unto the LORD
of all that he hath, both of man and beast, and of the field of his possession,
shall be sold or redeemed: every devoted thing is most holy unto the LORD.
28 But nothing which a man has given completely to the Lord, out of all his property, of man or beast, or of the land which is his heritage, may be given away or got back in exchange for money; anything completely given is most holy to the Lord. (BBE).
.29 None devoted, which shall be devoted of men, shall be redeemed; but shall surely be put to death.
|28 - Devoted thing The Hebrew indicates a vow that cannot be redeemed or broken without very strong curses. Men who wanted to kill Paul had taken this vow ac2312.|
And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the
fruit of the tree, is the LORDíS: it is holy unto the LORD.
31 And if a man will at all redeem ought of his tithes, he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof.
.32 And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.
33 He shall not search whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it: and if he change it at all, then both it and the change thereof shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed.
|30 - All the tithe The word means tenth. We first learn about it in the story of Jacob ge2820.|
|.34 These are the commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai.|| 34
- For the children of Israel Although addressed to this ancient
people, the principles are valid for us today.
This is the end of the central book of the Pentatuch (five books of Moses). It is divided into two parts by the 16th chapter which explains the day of atonement.
This is the end of the book of Leviticus; Numbers is next.