Genesis 28
Isaac blesses Jacob and tells him how to choose a wife  1
Esau also blesses Jacob; he takes a wife from Ishmael's family  6
Jacob departs and has a dream 10
He senses God's presence; it is "the gate of heaven" 16
He sets up his stone pillow and calls the place Bethel  18
Jacob makes a vow; he will return a tenth to God  20
Text
Comments
.1 ¶ And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, and said unto him, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan.
2  Arise, go to Padanaram, to the house of Bethuel thy motherís father; and take thee a wife from thence of the daughters of Laban thy motherís brother.
3  And God Almighty bless thee, and make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou mayest be a multitude of people;
.4  And give thee the blessing of Abraham, to thee, and to thy seed with thee; that thou mayest inherit the land wherein thou art a stranger, which God gave unto Abraham.
5  And Isaac sent away Jacob: and he went to Padanaram unto Laban, son of Bethuel the Syrian, the brother of Rebekah, Jacobís and Esauís mother.
  2 - Padan-aram The plains of Aram or Syria, Ge 25:20; 28:2; 31:18, or simply PADAN, Ge 48:7, the plain, in distinction from the 'mountains' of Aram Nu 23:7." (ATS Dict.) An area in Northern Mesopotamia in the vicinity of Haran. The inhabitants were Armenian ge2520. See B2 on Assyrian map.
  4 - Blessing of Abraham The promises of Abraham were now to be for Jacob.
.6 ¶ When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, and sent him away to Padanaram, to take him a wife from thence; and that as he blessed him he gave him a charge, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan;
7  And that Jacob obeyed his father and his mother, and was gone to Padanaram;
8  And Esau seeing that the daughters of Canaan pleased not Isaac his father;
.9  Then went Esau unto Ishmael, and took unto the wives which he had Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael Abrahamís son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be his wife.
  6 - Esau saw He followed advice similar to that given to Jacob.
  7 - Padan-aram "The plains of Aram or Syria, See on v2.
  9 - Easu unto Ishmael Apparently to the family of Ishmael who had died 14 years earlier ge2519, ge2701.
.10 ¶ And Jacob went out from Beersheba, and went toward Haran.
11  And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep.
.12  And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.
.13  And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed;
14  And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
.15  And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of.

 11 - Pillows Stones aren't soft. This was the best word the KJV translators had. "Headrests" would be better. I expect Jacob's robe or other cloth would have made him comfortable once the rocks were positioned. The stone set up for a pillar was probably one of them v18.
  12 - Ladder Jesus applied this to himself jn0151.
  13 - Land ... to thee ... thy seed Repetition of the covenant promise ge1202, ge2603, etc.
  15 - I am with thee ... bring thee again Magnificent promise. The Lord, as Jacob's shepherd, would bring him back home.
15 - I will not leave thee Many years would pass before the return. Jacob would have been encouraged by it.
Image © goodsalt.com.
.16 ¶ And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely the LORD is in this place; and I knew it not.
17  And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this place! this is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.
  Our invitation to be reverent as we open the Bible and in places where we invite God's presence.
.18  And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it.
.19  And he called the name of that place Bethel: but the name of that city was called Luz at the first.
  18 - Stone To remind Jacob and others of the divine visit. It would represent God's keeping power v20 and the partnership response of setting aside a tithe for Him v22.
  19 - Bethel Means "house of God." See map.
.20  And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on,
21  So that I come again to my fatherís house in peace; then shall the LORD be my God:
.22  And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall be God's house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee.
  20 - Vow A pledge to God should not be thought of as bargaining but as an offering to express gratitude for a desired blessing. Sometimes God says No.
  22 - Tenth Abraham and Jacob both understood the principle of tithe ge1420. It is clarified as an expectation in le2730.
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