Numbers 10

Two silver trumpets, their making and purpose 1
Trumpet signals and particular purposes 4
Travel from Sinai to Paran according the the Lord's command 11
The order of march and the flags 14
Appeal to Hobab to join Israel 29
Rising up to move; warning to enemies 33
Text
Comments
 1 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
.2  Make thee two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shalt thou make them: that thou mayest use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps.
 3  And when they shall blow with them, all the assembly shall assemble themselves to thee at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
  Continuing to develop an orderly system of communication and meaning. There were also the ram's horn trumpet ex1913 and a trumpet for secular purposes.
  2 - Two trumpets of silver There were two other types of trumpets. See ex1913, jos0605.
  3 - Shall blow them For the sounding of both trumpets see jl0215.
.4  And if they blow but with one trumpet, then the princes, which are heads of the thousands of Israel, shall gather themselves unto thee.
 5  When ye blow an alarm, then the camps that lie on the east parts shall go forward.
 6  When ye blow an alarm the second time, then the camps that lie on the south side shall take their journey: they shall blow an alarm for their journeys.
 7  But when the congregation is to be gathered together, ye shall blow, but ye shall not sound an alarm.
.8  And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow with the trumpets; and they shall be to you for an ordinance for ever throughout your generations.
  5 - Blow an alarm Or "... a shouting" as in je2010 and am0114.
.9  And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the LORD your God, and ye shall be saved from your enemies.
.10  Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God.
  9 - Remembered See on je1410.
  10 - Beginnings of your months See on 1sa2005.
.11 ¶ And it came to pass on the twentieth day of the second month, in the second year, that the cloud was taken up from off the tabernacle of the testimony.
.12  And the children of Israel took their journeys out of the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud rested in the wilderness of Paran.
 13  And they first took their journey according to the commandment of the LORD by the hand of Moses.
  11 - Cloud ... taken up They had been at Sinai for nearly a year.
.14  In the first place went the standard of the camp of the children of Judah according to their armies: and over his host was Nahshon the son of Amminadab.
 15  And over the host of the tribe of the children of Issachar was Nethaneel the son of Zuar.
 16  And over the host of the tribe of the children of Zebulun was Eliab the son of Helon.
  14 - Nahson The princes were tribal leaders nu1427. They gave orders to their tribe nu0104-16.
.17  And the tabernacle was taken down; and the sons of Gershon and the sons of Merari set forward, bearing the tabernacle.
 18  And the standard of the camp of Reuben set forward according to their armies: and over his host was Elizur the son of Shedeur.
 19  And over the host of the tribe of the children of Simeon was Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.
 20  And over the host of the tribe of the children of Gad was Eliasaph the son of Deuel.
 21  And the Kohathites set forward, bearing the sanctuary: and the other did set up the tabernacle against they came.
 22  And the standard of the camp of the children of Ephraim set forward according to their armies: and over his host was Elishama the son of Ammihud.
 23  And over the host of the tribe of the children of Manasseh was Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.
 24  And over the host of the tribe of the children of Benjamin was Abidan the son of Gideoni.
 25  And the standard of the camp of the children of Dan set forward, which was the rereward of all the camps throughout their hosts: and over his host was Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.
 26  And over the host of the tribe of the children of Asher was Pagiel the son of Ocran.
 27  And over the host of the tribe of the children of Naphtali was Ahira the son of Enan.
 28  Thus were the journeyings of the children of Israel according to their armies, when they set forward.
  21 - Kohathites ... bearing the sanctuary The "sanctuary" here From miqdash "a consecrated thing or place, especially, a palace, sanctuary (whether of Jehovah or of idols) or asylum chapel, hallowed part, holy place, sanctuary." (Strong's Hebrew Dictionary) The sanctuary referred to did not include the tent (tabernacle) which was carried by the Gershonites and Merarites. The Gershonites "encamped west of the tabernacle in the wilderness, and carried its curtains and other parts form station to station, Nu 3:17,25; 4:24-28,38-41; Verse 17.  Thirteen cities were assigned to them in northern Canaan, Jos 21:6; 1Ch 6:62,71.) (ATS Dict.).
  25 - Rereward Or rear guard. See God's protecton in is5212, is5808.
.29 ¶ And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Raguel the Midianite, Moses' father in law, We are journeying unto the place of which the LORD said, I will give it you: come thou with us, and we will do thee good: for the LORD hath spoken good concerning Israel.
 30  And he said unto him, I will not go; but I will depart to mine own land, and to my kindred.
 31  And he said, Leave us not, I pray thee; forasmuch as thou knowest how we are to encamp in the wilderness, and thou mayest be to us instead of eyes.
 32  And it shall be, if thou go with us, yea, it shall be, that what goodness the LORD shall do unto us, the same will we do unto thee.
  29 - Come thou  with us We can see that they did go with them because we find them living in the territory of Judah jg0116, jg0411.
.33  And they departed from the mount of the LORD three days' journey: and the ark of the covenant of the LORD went before them in the three days' journey, to search out a resting place for them.
 34  And the cloud of the LORD was upon them by day, when they went out of the camp.
.35  And it came to pass, when the ark set forward, that Moses said, Rise up, LORD, and let thine enemies be scattered; and let them that hate thee flee before thee.
 36  And when it rested, he said, Return, O LORD, unto the many thousands of Israel.
  33 - The ark of the covenant Thus the covenant of 10 commandments led them physically as well as spiritually.
  35 - Rise up Here we see the way they were directed. Compare da1201.
Previous
Next
Numbers home
Commentary home
Contact