Genesis 3, Notes

Structure and pattern in Genesis 3 below:
On the origin of sin, item 2
Linguistic and thematic parallels between Genesis 1 and 3, item 3
Chiastic Structure of Genesis 3
Serpent tempts the woman to eat from tree of death 1-5
The woman eats from the tree of knowledge of good and evil 6a; the man eats, too 6b
They were naked; clothed themselves with leaves; Lord's voice heard; hid 7, 8
Man addressed; he admits fear and nakedness 9, 10
Woman blames man and man blames God for woman 11, 12
Woman asked, what have you done; she blames the serpent 13
Serpent cursed [for deceiving the woman] 14
Enmity set between serpent and woman and between posterity of both 15a
Woman's seed [Christ] will crush Serpent [Satan] and will be bruised by Him 15b
Woman cursed 16a
Woman will be ruled by her husband 16b
Man addressed; ground cursed; sorrow sweat; Woman named Eve mother 17-20
God clothed Adam and his wife with animal skins 21
The man knows good and evil; sent out to till [and eat from] the ground 22, 23
Angels keep the man from eating from the tree of life 24
Acceleration pattern of 3:15
                Enmity - serpent, woman
                Enmity - serpent's seed, woman's seed
                Battle - serpent's wound by woman's seed, woman's seed's wound by serpent
Where did sin come from?
    The following letter and my response help us understand. 
hello
   i am a missionary and i am asking for to help me with a subject i beleave i know what sin is but i want to know what the definion of sin is in the bible can u send me some proof of the definion the these topic #1 who created sin #2 where was sin #3 what is the purpose of sin #4 how was sin activated into the human race was it by adam or eve #5 was sin here in the begaining if so what form was it in the form of the tree of knowledge both good in evil please email me back asap ok thinks for your help
Friend,
   You have asked some very good questions and important ones for sharing God's love with people who may not know Him. It's easy for us to take these things for granted without thinking through them. I'll give you my thoughts as you have asked the questions:

   1 and 2. Who created sin? Where did it come from? For this we turn to God's explanation. In Ezekiel 28 we have the whole history of sin. There Satan is described under the symbol of the king of Tyre ez2811ff. Note verse 15:

    We first meet Satan speaking through a snake in the Garden of Eden (Gen. 3). Before that he had been the closest to God in heaven. When he rebelled, God cast him and the angels who took his side out of heaven (Rev. 12). That's how he came to earth. Also see Isaiah 14 is14.
   God could have destroyed Satan in an instant, but someone could ask if God did the right thing. Maybe Satan was right. They would obey because of fear, not love. That would not be happiness and closeness to God. I believe that, when it is clear to everyone in the universe, then God will destroy sin and sinners. This includes Satan himself as you see in the text quoted. Some people believe that people burn eternally, but the Bible doesn't teach this. See my website on Rev. 20:9, 10. re2009f.

   3. What is the purpose of sin?

   Sin has no logical explanation. If there had been a need or reason for it, God would be wrong to punish sinners. Because we are children of Adam and Eve we are pulled toward sin to please appetite or pride or some other selfish desire. How is this?
   In the garden (Gen. 3, above) Adam and Eve were told not to eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. God didn't want them to experience evil but if He had not given them a choice, we could say that He forced them to follow His way. So Satan was given permission to tempt them.
   Satan, through the serpent, planted doubt in Eve's mind. He told her that God just wanted to keep her from being like a god -- that she would not be punished for disobedience. Adam knew eating the fruit was wrong. He just didn't trust God to provide a replacement for Eve so he ate, too. What they had done was to trust Satan instead of God. Satan claims that this world is his (Matt. 4:8, 9) mt0408f. That includes you and me. The easy and natural way for us is evil. To be redeemed, we must choose to follow Christ. Then he gives us some of the divine nature. Read 2 Peter 1:1-4 2pe0101.

   4. Was sin activated into the human race by Adam and Eve?

   Yes, we have already shown this. Be sure to read the early chapters of Genesis carefully, especially chapter 3. Notice God's words to the serpent (snake) v.15. He spoke to Satan as if he were the snake. That is how he approached Eve. The prophecy was that, although the snake would bite the woman, she (through the righteous people born through her) would crush his head. The "seed" or descendant that would gain the victory for her is Christ who refused to fall where Adam and Eve did. He was faithful to death on the cross. Because of His victory, He can give us victory if we follow.
   Understanding the curse in 3:15 helps us know that it was Satan who spoke through the snake.

   5. Was sin here in the beginning? In what form in the tree?

   We have already answered most of this. The entry of sin is also shown in chapter 2 beginning with verse 4. verse 5 begins with "Before." Then are described results of sin. Rain first came at the time of the flood. Man had to work in the field as part of the curse in 3:17-20. Creation of Adam was before that time of the entry of sin. You can study the text.
   Sin was in the serpent. We could say we go to find it, but basically, it is our choice. God wants happiness for us. Jesus died for all sinners. It is up to us to accept His way of happiness and, in His strength, remain faithful 1jo0109.

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   May God bless your study and your ministry for His glory,

Ted Wade

Linguistic and Thematic Parallels Between Genesis 1 and 3
This table is from an article by Roberto Ouro © 2002. His thesis is "... that there are nine texts within these two narratives that are parallel in form and content. This suggests that both accounts were written by the same author, resulting in similar linguistic, literary, and thematic model and establishing a common literary design." [Scholars tend to see several different authors for the book of Genesis. Ouro disagrees.]
1. Gen. 1:10
- "the dry land (ground)" layya-basa
- "that it was good" ki-job
Antithetical
Parallelism
1. Gen. 3:17
- "the ground" ha dama
-  "cursed" rura
2. Gen. 1:12
- "grass" dese
- "herb" eseb
- "that it was good" ki-job
Antithetical
Parallelism
2. Gen. 3:18
- "thorns" wqos
- "thistles" wdardar
3. Gen. 1:25
- "everything that creeps" kolremes
- " the beast of the earth" hayyat haares
- "cattle" habhema
- "that it was good" ki-job
Antithetical
Parallelism
3. Gen. 3:14
- "the serpent" hannahas
- "beast of the field" hayyat hassadeh
- "cattle" habhema
- " cursed" arur
4. Gen. 1:12
- "the tree" wees
- "fruit" pri
- "And God saw that it was good" wayyar' 'elohim ki-job
Synonymous
Parallelism
4. Gen 3:6
- "the tree" haes
- "fruit" piryo
- "So the woman saw that [it] was good" watere' haissa ki job.
5. Gen. 1:25
- "made" wayyaras
- "beast of the earth" hayyat haares
- "eveything that creeps" kolremes
Synonymous
Parallelism
5. Gen. 3:1
- "had made" asa
- "beast of the field" hayyat hassadeh
- "the serpent" hannahas
6. Gen. 1:26-27
- "man" adam
Synonymous
Parallelism
6. Gen. 3:8-9, 12, 17, 20-22, 24
- "man" adam
7. Gen. 1:28
- "multiply" urbu
Synonymous
Parallelism
7. Gen. 3:16
- "multiply" harba
8. Gen. 1:29-30
- "tree" es
- "fruit" pri
- "eat" akla
Synonymous
Parallelism
8. Gen. 3:2-3, 6
- "tree" es (four times)
- "fruit" mipri, umipri, mipiryo
- "eat" nokel, toklu, makol, tokal, yokal
9. Gen. 1:29-30
- "herb" eseb
- "eat" akla
Synonymous
Parallelism
9. Gen. 3:18
- "herb" eseb
- "eat" akalta
Chapter 3
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