Exodus 17

People demand water; Moses goes to the Lord 1
Moses instructed to strike the rock 5
Amalek removed 8
War memorial 14
.1 ¶ And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink.
.2  Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD?
.3  And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?
.4  And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me.
  1 - In Rephidim The location is unknown as were locations of the two previous camp sites. nu3313.
  3 - Thirsted ... We can't judge God by how we feel.
  4 - What shall I do? Moses frequently called on the Lord ex1525, ex3230, ex3308, nu1102,11, nu1413-19.
  4 - Stone me "His language, instead of betraying any signs of resentment or vindictive imprecation on a people who had given him a cruel and unmerited treatment, was the expression of an anxious wish to know what was the best to be done in the circumstances (compare Mt 5:44; Ro 12:21). (JFB). Killing by stoning seems not to have been before this incident.
.5  And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go.
.6  Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
 7  And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?
   5 - Take ... rod ... river ex0720.
   6 - I will stand Moses was to make a clear connection between the rock and the coming Messiah who would be wounded for them symbolizing the rock that was struck is5305. Compare the second time water came from the rock nu2008.
   7 - Tempted ... saying To doubt is serious sin.
.8 ¶ Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.
 9  And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand.
.10  So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.
 11  And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.
 12  But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.
 13  And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.
  8 - Amalek Descendants of Esau's grandson ge3612. They fought against or threatened Israel many times nu1445, jg0633, 1sa1448, 1sa1507, 1sa2708, 1sa3017, 2sa0812. The remnant of this nation was destroyed during the reign of Hezekiah. 1ch0441.
  8 - Fought They came against those in the rear of the procession of Israelites de2518. For God's instructions to Saul, see 1sa1502. For Rephidim, see map which places it close to Sinai.
  10 - Joshua His first appearance.
  12 - Aaron and Hur An important lesson in how we may support godly leaders.
  13 - Joshua discomfited "Though God gave the victory, yet it is said  Joshua discomfited [frustrated] Amalek. Because Joshua was a type of Christ, and of the same name, and in him it is that we are more than conquerors." (John Wesley's Notes.)
.14  And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.
.15  And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovahnissi:
 16  For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn that the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.
  14 - Write ... in a book The earliest known record of writing although Moses, author of the first five books of the Bible. This record may have been on papyrus sheets woven, flattened and dried.
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