| 1 ¶ Then Jonah prayed
unto the LORD his God out of the fish's belly,
2 And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, and thou heardest my voice.
.3 For thou hadst cast me into the deep, in the midst of the seas; and the floods compassed me about: all thy billows and thy waves passed over me.
- Hell Hebrew, sheol. Generally
understood by the people of God to be the grave.
3 - Into the deep The experience of trial for Jesus Christ would follow this pattern mt1240.
4 Then I said, I am cast out of thy sight; yet I will look again
toward thy holy temple.
5 The waters compassed me about, even to the soul: the depth closed me round about, the weeds were wrapped about my head.
.6 I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; the earth with her bars was about me for ever: yet hast thou brought up my life from corruption, O LORD my God.
7 When my soul fainted within me I remembered the LORD: and my prayer came in unto thee, into thine holy temple.
.8 They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.
9 But I will sacrifice unto thee with the voice of thanksgiving; I will pay that that I have vowed. Salvation is of the LORD.
.10 ¶ And the LORD spake unto the fish, and it vomited out Jonah upon the dry land.
4 - Yet I will look toward the temple The Septuagint has this as a question. A difference in the Hebrew vowel pointing agrees. This reading seems better. On vowel pointing see note at Joshua 3.
6 - Earth From eres which is usually translated, "land." This may be a reference of the land of sheol v2. See on pr1511.
6 - Forever The time was three days and three nights according to 1:17. It was a long time to be in such a condition and it seemed to be permanent. See on re2010b-co.
10 - Lord spake to the fish Nature obeys God. It's not the other way around.
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Structure of this chapter
The Lord provided
a fish to swallow Jonah [from the sea], 1:17
Jonah prayed; the Lord answered my call for help 2:1, 2.
Thrown into the deep, the heart of the seas, 2:3.
I have been banished but I will look again to your temple, 2:4.
Imprisoned but you brought my life up from the pit. 2:6.
With life ebbing, I remembered and my prayer went to your holy temple, 2:7.
The waters engulfed me; I sank down but you brought me up, 2:8.
Those who cling to idols forfeit grace; salvation comes from the Lord 2:8, 9.
The Lord commanded the fish to vomit Jonah on dry land, 2:10