Mark 12

Wicked vineyard keepers (Jews) lose their job and their lives 1
Who should get the tax? 13
Sadducees and the resurrection 18
The most important commandment 28
David called Him Lord 35
Beware of the scribes 38
The greatest gift, two tiny pieces of money 41
Wicked vineyard workers. Matt. 21:33-46; Mark 12:1-12. Luke 20:1-8.
.1 ¶ And he began to speak unto them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and digged a place for the winefat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.
 2  And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard.
 3  And they caught him, and beat him, and sent him away empty.
 4  And again he sent unto them another servant; and at him they cast stones, and wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully handled.
 5  And again he sent another; and him they killed, and many others; beating some, and killing some.
.6  Having yet therefore one son, his wellbeloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, They will reverence my son.
 7  But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be ours.
 8  And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.
  1 - Parable The message of Jesus here is often overlooked. He shows in this story how the Jewish people had their chance and were soon to kill him. They would then no longer be the keepers of His vineyard. See so0106b.
  1 - Vineyard ... let it out to husbandmen Or "... rented it to some farmers" (NIV) The story is also at mt2133, lu2009. Main comments for Matthew.
.9  What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others.
 10  And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner:
 11  This was the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
 12  And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and went their way.
  9 - What therefore? The latter part of the sentence was clearly a response of the priests and elders in Matthew's account mt2140.
Paying tribute to Caesar. Mark 12:13-17; Luke 20:20-26; Matt. 22:15-22.
.13 ¶ And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in his words.
 14  And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?
 15  Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see it.
 16  And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto him, Caesar's.
 17  And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they marvelled at him.
  16 - See on mt2215ff. and lu2020ff.
On marriage and resurrection. Luke 20:27-38; Matt. 22:23-33; Mark 12:18-27.
.18 ¶ Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying,
 19  Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man's brother die, and leave his wife behind him, and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
 20  Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed.
 21  And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed: and the third likewise.
 22  And the seven had her, and left no seed: last of all the woman died also.
 23  In the resurrection therefore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her to wife.
.24  And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God?
.25  For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven.
 26  And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?
 27  He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err.
   18 - Sadducees The text identifies them. Apparently they wanted Jesus to accept their idea which differed from the belief of the Pharisees.
   24 - Know not the Scriptures They had read them but were blind to their true meaning by having covered them with tradition.
   25 - As angels This first clarifies something about angels. They do not have children. Angels have taken on human form ge18 but the Bible gives no hint that they might be male and female. We also learn here that we will not be male and female in heaven. Without marriage, no children are given to us. (We have a clue in is1106). Just because many things in heaven will be different doesn't mean they are inferior. We may trust God that our new life will bring joy beyond imagination.
   I believe that children of parents who would have rasied them to love the Lord will be able to finish maturing in heaven. Also God knows what the future would be depending on future circumstances. Also consider the planned limitations of population on the earth ge0901.
Which commandment is the greatest? Matt. 22:34-40; Mark 12:28-34.
.28 ¶ And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all?
.29  And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:
 30  And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.
 31  And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.
 32  And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he:
 33  And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.
 34  And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him any question.
  28 - Matthew tells the story, too beginning at mt2234.
  34 - Answered discreetly The man was honest.
Jesus' question about David. Matt. 22:41-46; Mark 12:35-37; Luke 20:41-44.
.35 ¶ And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the Son of David?
 36  For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
 37  David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son? And the common people heard him gladly.
  36 - David himself said See ps11001.
Woes for the Pharisees and scribes. Luke 20:45-57; Matt. 23:1-39; Mark 12:38-40.
.38  And he said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the marketplaces,
 39  And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts:
.40  Which devour widows’ houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.
  38 - Doctrine Or "teaching."
  38 - Beware Matthew described this hypocrisy in greater detail in mt23.
  38 - Salutations See mt2307. On "marketplaces" see mt1116.
  39 - Rooms Or "places of honor" (NASB).
The widow's mites. Luke 21:1-4; Mark 12:41-44.
.41 ¶ And he took a seat by the place where the money was kept, and saw how the people put money into the boxes: and a number who had wealth put in much.
 42  And there came a poor widow, and she put in two little bits of money, which make a farthing.
 43  And he made his disciples come to him, and said to them, Truly I say to you, This poor widow has put in more than all those who are putting money into the box:
 44  Because they all put in something out of what they had no need for; but she out of her need put in all she had, even all her living.

   We do not buy God's blessing by giving 2co0907. The widow could have reasoned that her money would help but little and that she should just keep it. Yet it was a wise investment. As we walk with Christ our values change. The work of salvation of souls becomes of greatest importance. It will bear interest throughout eternity mt1921, mt0619.
   The money gathered may have been used improperly but this was not her concern. God will hold those accountable who misuse what has been dedicated to Him. Her gift was valued by God according to her sacrifice v44.
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