¶ In the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month,
came Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon and all his army against Jerusalem,
and they besieged it.
2 And in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, the ninth day of the month, the city was broken up.
.3 And all the princes of the king of Babylon came in, and sat in the middle gate, even Nergalsharezer, Samgarnebo, Sarsechim, Rabsaris, Nergalsharezer, Rabmag, with all the residue of the princes of the king of Babylon.
|2 - City broken up The sad story needs little comment. The final siege of Jerusalem began around January 15, 588 BC. For more on the siege see je52 and 2ki25.|
And it came to pass, that when Zedekiah the king of Judah saw them, and
all the men of war, then they fled, and went forth out of the city by night,
by the way of the king's garden, by the gate betwixt the two walls: and
he went out the way of the plain.
5 But the Chaldeans' army pursued after them, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho: and when they had taken him, they brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath, where he gave judgment upon him.
| 4 -
fled See je5207.
4 - The king's garden The "gate" to it from the upper, city above was appropriated to the kings alone; stairs" led down from Mount Zion and the palace to the king's garden below. ne0315).
5 - Overtook Zedekiah He apparently hoped to cross the Jordan. Moab and Ammon were there.
| 6 Then the king of Babylon
slew the sons of Zedekiah in Riblah before his eyes: also the king of Babylon
slew all the nobles of Judah.
.7 Moreover he put out Zedekiah's eyes, and bound him with chains, to carry him to Babylon.
8 And the Chaldeans burned the king's house, and the houses of the people, with fire, and brake down the walls of Jerusalem.
|6 - Slew the sons "previous to his eyes being 'put out' (Jer 39:7); literally, 'dug out'" The Assyrian sculptures depict the delight with which the kings struck out, often with their own hands, the eyes of captive princes. This passage reconciles Jer 32:4, "his eyes shall behold his eyes"; with Eze 12:13, "he shall not see Babylon, though he shall die there.'" (JFB).|
Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive into Babylon
the remnant of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell
away, that fell to him, with the rest of the people that remained.
10 But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left of the poor of the people, which had nothing, in the land of Judah, and gave them vineyards and fields at the same time.
| 9 -
away captive The Assyrians had done so the people wouldn't be
with others of their language and culture to develop a military force 2ki1529,
10 - Left the poor These could occupy the land keeping others from taking over.
¶ Now Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon gave charge concerning Jeremiah
to Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, saying,
12 Take him, and look well to him, and do him no harm; but do unto him even as he shall say unto thee.
13 So Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard sent, and Nebushasban, Rabsaris, and Nergalsharezer, Rabmag, and all the king of Babylon's princes;
.14 Even they sent, and took Jeremiah out of the court of the prison, and committed him unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, that he should carry him home: so he dwelt among the people.
|14 - Jeremiah ... carry him home Well-deserved release, although he was taken to Egypt, ch. 43, where scholars say he apparently died — possibly was killed. If so, we need an explanation for verse 17.|
| 15 Now the word of the
LORD came unto Jeremiah, while he was shut up in the court of the prison,
16 Go and speak to Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring my words upon this city for evil, and not for good; and they shall be accomplished in that day before thee.
.17 But I will deliver thee in that day, saith the LORD: and thou shalt not be given into the hand of the men of whom thou art afraid.
.18 For I will surely deliver thee, and thou shalt not fall by the sword, but thy life shall be for a prey unto thee: because thou hast put thy trust in me, saith the LORD.
- I will deliver thee This promise
will be for the faithful ones after the close of probation. ps09109.
18 - Prey unto thee While others would be killed like animal victims of predators, his prey would be his own life. He would keep it.