Hosea 5
Judgment; Israel is defiled  1
Judah also stumbles 6
Blow the trumpet; beware Benjamin  8
I will tear them like a lion; in affliction they will seek me 13
 1 ¶ Hear ye this, O priests; and hearken, ye house of Israel; and give ye ear, O house of the king; for judgment is toward you, because ye have been a snare on Mizpah, and a net spread upon Tabor.
 2  And the revolters are profound to make slaughter, though I have been a rebuker of them all.
.3  I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me: for now, O Ephraim, thou committest whoredom, and Israel is defiled.
 4  They will not frame their doings to turn unto their God: for the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them, and they have not known the LORD.
.5  And the pride of Israel doth testify to his face: therefore shall Israel and Ephraim fall in their iniquity; Judah also shall fall with them.
  1 - Mizpah See Jerusalem vicinity map. For Tabor, see Palestine map.
  4 - They are not in a position to turn to the Lord ho0406.
.5  . . . Judah also shall fall with them.
 6  They shall go with their flocks and with their herds to seek the LORD; but they shall not find him; he hath withdrawn himself from them.
.7  They have dealt treacherously against the LORD: for they have begotten strange children: now shall a month devour them with their portions.
  7 - A month What harm could a month (or new moon) do? This is apparently an allusion to the feast day substituted by Jeroboam I. It was on a different month from the one God had ordained. 1ki1232.
.8 ¶ Blow ye the cornet in Gibeah, and the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud at Bethaven, after thee, O Benjamin.
.9  Ephraim shall be desolate in the day of rebuke: among the tribes of Israel have I made known that which shall surely be.
.10  The princes of Judah were like them that remove the bound [landmark]: therefore I will pour out my wrath upon them like water.
 11  Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.
.12  Therefore will I be unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness.
  8 -Cornet The ram's-horn trumpet. The other trumpet mentioned is apparently the silver trumpet. Gibeah and Ramah were in the province of Benjamin and on the northern border of the southern kingdom. They were in a position to see invaders.
  10 - Remove ... bound See jb2402.
  11 - Ephriam ... oppressed God punishes for refusing to walk after His commandments, so this was a human commandment. Probably the substitute feast day of v7 which symbolized the rebellion of the northern kingdom.
  12 - Moth ... rottenness Neither fate was good. On moths, see jb1328.
.13  When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.   Wound "literally, "bandage"; hence a bandaged wound (Isa 1:6; Jer 30:12). "Saw," that is, felt its weakened state politically, and the dangers that threatened it. It aggravates their perversity, that, though aware of their unsound and calamitous state, they did not inquire into the cause or seek a right remedy."
  To Assyrian "First, Menahem (2Ki 15:19) applied to Pul; again, Hoshea to Shalmaneser (2Ki 17:3).
  Jareb Or "their defender." The text is unclear. Hitchock's Bible Names suggests "a revenger." None could heal except the Lord
  See 2ch1607 for a similar warning.
.14  For I will be unto Ephraim as a lion, and as a young lion to the house of Judah: I, even I, will tear and go away; I will take away, and none shall rescue him.
 15  I will go and return to my place, till they acknowledge their offence, and seek my face: in their affliction they will seek me early.
  14 - Ephraim The prediction is not good. They would be taken into captivity.
  15 - Return ... till they acknowledge Affliction would help them see their need. See je2910-14. We all need to seek God continually acknowledging our great need.
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