Hosea 1
Hosea is instructed to marry a prostitute as an object lesson for God's professed people
Minor Prophets
This is the first book of what are called "minor prophets." The difference between these and the "major prophets" is artificial. The major prophets begin with Isaiah and continue through Daniel. The rest, Hosea to Malachi, are called minor prophets. They are all inspired. The minor prophets have given us some very significant insights.
.1 ¶ The word of the LORD that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel.   There were other kings during this time but not listed possibly because of their wickedness.
.2 ¶ The beginning of the word of the LORD by Hosea. And the LORD said to Hosea, Go, take unto thee a wife of whoredoms and children of whoredoms: for the land hath committed great whoredom, departing from the LORD.
.3  So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim; which conceived, and bare him a son.
.4  And the LORD said unto him, Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, and will cause to cease the kingdom of the house of Israel.
.5  And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.
 6  And she conceived again, and bare a daughter. And God said unto him, Call her name Loruhamah: for I will no more have mercy upon the house of Israel; but I will utterly take them away.
 7  But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the LORD their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen.

  2 - The theme of the book.
  4 - Call his name Jezreel The word can mean either "God will sow" or "God will scatter." (Seed is scattered in sowing.) When Gomer was unfaithful, Hosea scattered or hindered or restricted her. Later she repented and Hosea planted or sowed her ho0222. Jezreel meant violence and murder to the Israelites 2ki09&10.
  5 - At that day The time when the Northern Kingdom would be destroyed.
  5 - Break the bow Put an end to the military power.
  5 - Valley of Jezreel Hosea draws on the story of putting an end to Ahab 2ki0915 as an illustration of how God would punish the nation.
  6 - Conceived The daughter was apparently not by Hosea. The "children of whoredoms" were also his lot according to v2. Lo-ruhamah means "not loved."
 8 ¶ Now when she had weaned Loruhamah, she conceived, and bare a son.
 9  Then said God, Call his name Loammi: for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God.
.10  Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God.
.11  Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.
 2:1 ¶ Say ye unto your brethren, Ammi; and to your sisters, Ruhamah.
  8 -Conceived This son was apparently from another man. Compare "bare him a son" in v3.
  9 -Lo-ammi. Likely meant "not my son" to Hosea.
  10 - Israel shall be ... sand God does not leave us without hope. The promise is to be fulfilled with the final spiritual Israel ga0328f. Abraham and Jacob and their descendants were a special people in contrast to the rest of the world ex1905, ps13504 because they had a special mission. As the gospel would be carried by Israelites of the Old Testament he0402, many who were not of that faith would join and be called "my people."
  The names of the three children thus predicted the sad future of the nation:
  Jezreel: No king v4.
  Lo-ruhamah: No longer recipients of God's love/mercy.
  Lo-ammi: Not my people.
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