Judges 3

Nations not removed 1
Eight years of slavery for wickedness 8
Eighteen years serving the king of Moab 12
Ehud sent to deliver Israel 15
Ehud murdered Eglon 19
Mohabites slain 27
Shamgar slew the Philistines 31
The author of Judges has traced the history of the period and now writes about the nations not conquered.
.1 ¶ Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan;
 2 Only that the generations of the children of Israel might know, to teach them war, at the least such as before knew nothing thereof;
.3 Namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath.
 4 And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.
.5 And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites:
  1 - These are the nations Nations that should have been conquered.
  3 - Lords From seren. Generally used for the Philistine cities
  3 - Hivites See jos1103. These people were also known in central Palestine ge3402, jos0907.
  3 - Entering in of Hamath See nu3408.
  4 - To prove Israel jg022,23.
  5 - Israel among Amorites jg0134,6. They also dwelt among the Perizzites and Jebusites.
.6 And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.
7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim and the groves.
  6 - Took their daughters Moses had warned against this beginning at de0701.
.8 ¶ Therefore the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years. 
 9 And when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother. 
  8 - The narrative of the book of Judges begins here. Two prefaces are from 1:1 to 2:5 and 2:6 to 3:7.
  8 - The Lord ... sold them Or "delivered them."
  8 - Chushan-rishathaim Or Chushan, "the wicked." This name had been probably given him from his cruel and impious character. Reference to their "serving" him implies that he made them pay tribute. No Mesopotaian king by this name is known to have invaded Canaan.
  9 - Othniel God had given His professed people opportunities to accept His better way (spiritually and otherwise). The story of Othniel and others illustrates this way.
.10 And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the LORD delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim. 
.11 And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.
  10 - Spirit ... came upon him "Impelled by a supernatural influence, he undertook the difficult task of government at this national crisis—addressing himself to promote a general reformation of manners, the abolition of idolatry, and the revival of pure religion. After these preliminary measures, he collected a body of choice warriors to expel the foreign oppressors." (JFB commentary)
.12 ¶ And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the LORD.
.13 And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm trees.
 14 So the children of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.
  12 - Evil again Sad story.
  13 - City of palm trees "This the Targum renders the city of Jericho; but Jericho had been destroyed by Joshua, and certainly was not rebuilt till the reign of Ahab, long after this, 1Ki 16:34. However, as Jericho is expressly called the city of palm trees, De 34:3, the city in question must have been in the vicinity or plain of Jericho, and the king of Moab had seized it as a frontier town contiguous to his own estates. Calmet supposes that the city of palm trees means En-gaddi." (Adam Calrke's Commentary)
.15 But when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised them up a deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjamite, a man lefthanded: and by him the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the king of Moab. 
 16 But Ehud made him a dagger which had two edges, of a cubit length; and he did gird it under his raiment upon his right thigh.
 17 And he brought the present unto Eglon king of Moab: and Eglon was a very fat man.
 18 And when he had made an end to offer the present, he sent away the people that bare the present.
.19 But he himself turned again from the quarries that were by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret errand unto thee, O king: who said, Keep silence. And all that stood by him went out from him. 
 20 And Ehud came unto him; and he was sitting in a summer parlour, which he had for himself alone. And Ehud said, I have a message from God unto thee. And he arose out of his seat. 
 21 And Ehud put forth his left hand, and took the dagger from his right thigh, and thrust it into his belly:
 22 And the haft also went in after the blade; and the fat closed upon the blade, so that he could not draw the dagger out of his belly; and the dirt came out. 
 23 Then Ehud went forth through the porch, and shut the doors of the parlour upon him, and locked them.
  19 - Quarries Literally "graven images."
  20 - Summer parlour Or "an upper chamber of cooling."
 24 When he was gone out, his servants came; and when they saw that, behold, the doors of the parlour were locked, they said, Surely he covereth his feet in his summer chamber. 
 25 And they tarried till they were ashamed: and, behold, he opened not the doors of the parlour; therefore they took a key, and opened them: and, behold, their lord was fallen down dead on the earth.
 26 And Ehud escaped while they tarried, and passed beyond the quarries, and escaped unto Seirath.
  24 - Covereth his feet Or "have a bowel movement." Compare 1sa2403
  26 - Seirath Location unknown. 
.27 And it came to pass, when he was come, that he blew a trumpet in the mountain of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the mount, and he before them.
 28 And he said unto them, Follow after me: for the LORD hath delivered your enemies the Moabites into your hand. And they went down after him, and took the fords of Jordan toward Moab, and suffered not a man to pass over.
 29 And they slew of Moab at that time about ten thousand men, all lusty, and all men of valour; and there escaped not a man. 
.30 So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest fourscore years.
  27 - Mountain of Ephriam For some reason he did not go to his own tribe of Benjamin.
  27 - Blew a trumpet And the army followed.
.31 ¶ And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel. -



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