Job 16
Job speaks; miserable comforters  1
He still grieves 6
Delivered to the ungodly  11
Sackcloth and dust 15
His cry to be remembered; evidence on high 18
Job speaks
.1 ¶ Then Job answered and said,
 2  I have heard many such things: miserable comforters are ye all.
 3  Shall vain words have an end? or what emboldeneth thee that thou answerest?
 4  I also could speak as ye do: if your soul were in my soul's stead, I could heap up words against you, and shake mine head at you.
 5  But I would strengthen you with my mouth, and the moving of my lips should asswage your grief.
  Important concepts on bringing comfort to people.

  3 - Vain words Literally, words of wind. Job had asked his friends to be silent (jb1305,13). Eliphaz had charged Job with speaking windy words (jb1502,3).
  4 - I could speak Anyone can criticize people who are in poverty and not respected.
  4 - Shake mine head A message of condemnation ps02207, is3722; je1816, mt2739.

.6 ¶ Though I speak, my grief is not asswaged: and though I forbear, what am I eased?
 7  But now he hath made me weary: thou hast made desolate all my company.
 8  And thou hast filled me with wrinkles, which is a witness against me: and my leanness rising up in me beareth witness to my face.
 9  He teareth me in his wrath, who hateth me: he gnasheth upon me with his teeth; mine enemy sharpeneth his eyes upon me.
.10  They have gaped upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully; they have gathered themselves together against me.
  6 - Though I speak ... grief Job encourages his friends to understand.
  7 - But now ... he Better translated: "Ah ... thou (God)."
  7 - Company "rather, "band of witnesses," namely, those who could attest his innocence (his children, servants, &c.). So the same Hebrew is translated  UMBREIT makes his "band of witnesses," himself, for, alas! he had no other witness for him. But this is too recondite [obscure, hard to understand].(JFB).
  8 - Filled me with wrinkles Literally, "thou didst seize me." The verb occurs only here and in jb2216. It means "cut down" or "fettered." Job must have felt pressrued from every direction.
.11  God hath delivered me to the ungodly, and turned me over into the hands of the wicked.
 12  I was at ease, but he hath broken me asunder: he hath also taken me by my neck, and shaken me to pieces, and set me up for his mark.
 13  His archers compass me round about, he cleaveth my reins asunder, and doth not spare; he poureth out my gall upon the ground.
 14  He breaketh me with breach upon breach, he runneth upon me like a giant.
  11 - God hath delivered It's true that God allows trials to come to refine our characters 2co0417 but here Job is blaming God as many tend to do when problems arise.
.15  I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and defiled my horn in the dust.
 16  My face is foul with weeping, and on my eyelids is the shadow of death;
 17 ¶ Not for any injustice in mine hands: also my prayer is pure.
  15 - Sackcloth This may be the source of the sackcloth custom ge3734; jl0113; mt1121; re0612. Mordecai used ashes instead of dust es0401.
.18  O earth, cover not thou my blood, and let my cry have no place.
 19  Also now, behold, my witness is in heaven, and my record is on high.
.20  My friends scorn me: but mine eye poureth out tears unto God.
 21  O that one might plead for a man with God, as a man pleadeth for his neighbour!
 22  When a few years are come, then I shall go the way whence I shall not return.
  18 - Cover not  "If there were any injustice in his hands, he wished it might not be concealed: O earth! cover thou not my blood, that is, the innocent blood of others, which I am suspected to have shed." (Matthew Henry Commentary)
  20 - Eye poureth Compare ps119128.
  21 - For his neighbour Concept of intercession.
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