1 Samuel 12

Samuel reminds the people that they demanded a king 1
The Lord had been their king 6
The Lord shows His power 16
Charge to be faithful 24
 1 ¶ And Samuel said unto all Israel, Behold, I have hearkened unto your voice in all that ye said unto me, and have made a king over you.
 2 And now, behold, the king walketh before you: and I am old and grayheaded; and, behold, my sons are with you: and I have walked before you from my childhood unto this day.
.3 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received any bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you.
  1 - I have harkened God gives us choice. He allows that which is not best.
  1 - Made a king They had been warned long before de1714.
  3 - Witness ... whose ox? Samuel appealed for their confidence for the counsel he was about to give them. they would also remember the time when God was their king.
.4 And they said, Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, neither hast thou taken ought of any man's hand.
 5 And he said unto them, The LORD is witness against you, and his anointed is witness this day, that ye have not found ought in my hand. And they answered, He is witness.
.6 ¶ And Samuel said unto the people, It is the LORD that advanced Moses and Aaron, and that brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt. 
 7 Now therefore stand still, that I may reason with you before the LORD of all the righteous acts of the LORD, which he did to you and to your fathers. 
 8 When Jacob was come into Egypt, and your fathers cried unto the LORD, then the LORD sent Moses and Aaron, which brought forth your fathers out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this place.
  6 - It is the Lord Not human power.
 9 And when they forgat the LORD their God, he sold them into the hand of Sisera, captain of the host of Hazor, and into the hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they fought against them.
 10 And they cried unto the LORD, and said, We have sinned, because we have forsaken the LORD, and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth: but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve thee.
  9 - Forgat the Lord Being influenced by the idolatrous people. (spelling today is "forgot.")
  9 - Sisera In Canaan they had cooperated with the wicked people and, without the protection of God, they were oppressed by Eglon, king of Moab jg0312, and Sisera of the Philistines jg1301 as well as by others.
  10 - They cried From time to time God's people sought the Lord for deliverance promising to reform.
 11 And the LORD sent Jerubbaal, and Bedan, and Jephthah, and Samuel, and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side, and ye dwelled safe.
 12 And when ye saw that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon came against you, ye said unto me, Nay; but a king shall reign over us: when the LORD your God was your king.
  11 - Jerubbaal Or "Gideon" when he crushed the altar of Baal jg0625.
  11 - Bedan No judge is known to have had this name.
 13 Now therefore behold the king whom ye have chosen, and whom ye have desired! and, behold, the LORD hath set a king over you.
 14 If ye will fear the LORD, and serve him, and obey his voice, and not rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then shall both ye and also the king that reigneth over you continue following the LORD your God: 
 15 But if ye will not obey the voice of the LORD, but rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then shall the hand of the LORD be against you, as it was against your fathers.
  14 - If ye will fear Assurance that even though they had turned the nation into a path not ordained by heaven, they might come to enjoy His blessings.
.16 ¶ Now therefore stand and see this great thing, which the LORD will do before your eyes.
17 Is it not wheat harvest to day? I will call unto the LORD, and he shall send thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness is great, which ye have done in the sight of the LORD, in asking you a king.
 18 So Samuel called unto the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel.
  16 - Stand and see God would confirm His promise.
  17 - Thunder and rain This was not typical spring weather and thus unexpected. They were to know that they had sinned and that they were still loved. Perhaps the thunder and the rain were to communicate the two parts of this message in that order.
 19 And all the people said unto Samuel, Pray for thy servants unto the LORD thy God, that we die not: for we have added unto all our sins this evil, to ask us a king.
 20 And Samuel said unto the people, Fear not: ye have done all this wickedness: yet turn not aside from following the LORD, but serve the LORD with all your heart;
  20 - With all your heart Samuel's witness was an inspiration to others.
 21 And turn ye not aside: for then should ye go after vain things, which cannot profit nor deliver; for they are vain.
 22 For the LORD will not forsake his people for his great name's sake: because it hath pleased the LORD to make you his people.
 23 Moreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the LORD in ceasing to pray for you: but I will teach you the good and the right way: 
.24 Only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all your heart: for consider how great things he hath done for you. 
 25 But if ye shall still do wickedly, ye shall be consumed, both ye and your king.
  23 - Pray for you "Samuel said nothing of the slight which had been put upon himself; he uttered no reproach for the ingratitude with which Israel had repaid his lifelong devotion; but he assured them of his unceasing interest for them: "God forbid that I should sin against the Lord in ceasing to pray for you: but I will teach you the good and the right way: only fear the Lord, and serve Him in truth with all your heart: for consider how great things He hath done for you. But if ye shall still do wickedly, ye shall be consumed, both ye and your king."  (Ellen White, Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 615.)
  24 - Consider ... great things Good advice for all of us. Even though trials may come, we can be sure that God is there to sustain us.
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