1 Kings 3

Solomon was like his father 1
The Lord asked Solomon what he wanted 5
The Lord promised many things to him 10
He went and offered offerings 15
Two women claimed one baby and all Israel feared the king 16
.1 ¶ And Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh's daughter, and brought her into the city of David, until he had made an end of building his own house, and the house of the LORD, and the wall of Jerusalem round about.
.2 Only the people sacrificed in high places, because there was no house built unto the name of the LORD, until those days.
 3 And Solomon loved the LORD, walking in the statutes of David his father: only he sacrificed and burnt incense in high places.
.4 And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there; for that was the great high place: a thousand burnt offerings did Solomon offer upon that altar.
   1 - Affinity His first priority was internal security. This was accomplished 1ki0246 and he turned his attention to international relations. Certainly the Lord didn't instruct him to take Pharaoh's daughter.
  At this time the other nations of the Middle East were weak. This allowed Solomon and his father before him to become strong.
  1 - City of David Distinguished from Jerusalem which had been a stronghold of the Jebusites 2sa0507ff.
  2 - Sacrificed in the high places The Lord was to designate places for sacrifices de1210f. Before that time sacrifices were made in various places jg0625, 1sa0710. Also see the next verse.
  4 - Went to Gibbeon See on 2ch0101.
.5 ¶ In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what I shall give thee.
.6 And Solomon said, Thou hast shewed unto thy servant David my father great mercy, according as he walked before thee in truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with thee; and thou hast kept for him this great kindness, that thou hast given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day. 
.7 And now, O LORD my God, thou hast made thy servant king instead of David my father: and I am but a little child: I know not how to go out or come in.
 8 And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude.
 .9 Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people?
  5 - Gibeon 6 mi. (10 km) northwest of Jerusalem near Gibeah. See Canaan map. The wilderness tabernacle was there 2ch0103. Solomon had held a feast of celebration for the nation there. For the Gibeonites, see jos0923.
  5 - In a dream God had used dreams before ge1512, ge2812ff, ge3124. He had spoken to David through prophets 2sa0702, 2sa2411 and by priests 1sa2309.
  9 - An understanding heart See pr0910, pr0407.
.10 And the speech pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing.
 11 And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life; neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern judgment; 
 12 Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee.
.13 And I have also given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches, and honour: so that there shall not be any among the kings like unto thee all thy days.
.14 And if thou wilt walk in my ways, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as thy father David did walk, then I will lengthen thy days.
  10 - Speech pleased the Lord God wants to bless us. He knows what we need so why ask? Because not asking is ignoring His promises.
.15 And Solomon awoke; and, behold, it was a dream. And he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and offered up burnt offerings, and offered peace offerings, and made a feast to all his servants. -
.16 ¶ Then came there two women, that were harlots, unto the king, and stood before him.
 17 And the one woman said, O my lord, I and this woman dwell in one house; and I was delivered of a child with her in the house.
 18 And it came to pass the third day after that I was delivered, that this woman was delivered also: and we were together; there was no stranger with us in the house, save we two in the house.
 19 And this woman's child died in the night; because she overlaid it.
 20 And she arose at midnight, and took my son from beside me, while thine handmaid slept, and laid it in her bosom, and laid her dead child in my bosom.
 21 And when I rose in the morning to give my child suck, behold, it was dead: but when I had considered it in the morning, behold, it was not my son, which I did bear.
 22 And the other woman said, Nay; but the living is my son, and the dead is thy son. And this said, No; but the dead is thy son, and the living is my son. Thus they spake before the king.
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 23 Then said the king, The one saith, This is my son that liveth, and thy son is the dead: and the other saith, Nay; but thy son is the dead, and my son is the living.
 24 And the king said, Bring me a sword. And they brought a sword before the king.
 25 And the king said, Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other.
 26 Then spake the woman whose the living child was unto the king, for her bowels yearned upon her son, and she said, O my lord, give her the living child, and in no wise slay it. But the other said, Let it be neither mine nor thine, but divide it. 
 27 Then the king answered and said, Give her the living child, and in no wise slay it: she is the mother thereof.
 28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him, to do judgment. -
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