Deuteronomy 23


Keep Separate From the Wicked
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Text
Comments
.1 ¶ He that is wounded in the stones, or hath his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD.
 2  A bastard shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the congregation of the LORD.
.3  An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to their tenth generation shall they not enter into the congregation of the LORD for ever:
 4  Because they met you not with bread and with water in the way, when ye came forth out of Egypt; and because they hired against thee Balaam the son of Beor of Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse thee.
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  Stones ... privy member See on is5603.
  1-4 "To enter into the congregation of the Lord" means either admission to public honors and offices in the Church and State of Israel, or, in the case of foreigners, incorporation with that nation by marriage. The rule was that strangers and foreigners, for fear of friendship or marriage connections with them leading the people into idolatry, were not admissible till their conversion to the Jewish faith. But this passage describes certain limitations of the general rule. The following parties were excluded from the full rights and privileges of citizenship: (1) Eunuchs It was a very ancient practice for parents in the East by various arts to mutilate their children, with a view to training them for service in the houses of the great. (2) Bastards Such an indelible stigma in both these instances was designed as a discouragement to practices that were disgraceful, but too common from intercourse with foreigners. (3) Ammonites and Moabites Without provocation they had combined to engage a soothsayer to curse the Israelites; and had further endeavored, by ensnaring them into the guilt and licentious abominations of idolatry, to seduce them from their allegiance to God." (JFB Commentary)
 5  Nevertheless the LORD thy God would not hearken unto Balaam; but the LORD thy God turned the curse into a blessing unto thee, because the LORD thy God loved thee.
 6  Thou shalt not seek their peace nor their prosperity all thy days for ever.
.7  Thou shalt not abhor an Edomite; for he is thy brother: thou shalt not abhor an Egyptian; because thou wast a stranger in his land.
 8  The children that are begotten of them shall enter into the congregation of the LORD in their third generation.
  5 - Not hearken unto Balaam The Lord would not authorize him to curse Israel. nu22.
  6 - Not seek their peace No compromise was permitted and none would work ezr0912, nu2501.
  9 ¶ When the host goeth forth against thine enemies, then keep thee from every wicked thing.
.10  If there be among you any man, that is not clean by reason of uncleanness that chanceth him by night, then shall he go abroad out of the camp, he shall not come within the camp:
 11  But it shall be, when evening cometh on, he shall wash himself with water: and when the sun is down, he shall come into the camp again.
 12  Thou shalt have a place also without the camp, whither thou shalt go forth abroad:
.13 And thou shalt have a paddle upon thy weapon; and it shall be, when thou wilt ease thyself abroad, thou shalt dig therewith, and shalt turn back and cover that which cometh from thee:
.14  For the LORD thy God walketh in the midst of thy camp, to deliver thee, and to give up thine enemies before thee; therefore shall thy camp be holy: that he see no unclean thing in thee, and turn away from thee. 
  9 - When the host goeth ... We can understand how "wicked things" could be done by soldiers.

  10 - Uncleanness See le1516.

 15 ¶ Thou shalt not deliver unto his master the servant which is escaped from his master unto thee:
 16  He shall dwell with thee, even among you, in that place which he shall choose in one of thy gates, where it liketh him best: thou shalt not oppress him.
.17  There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel.
.18  Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the LORD thy God for any vow: for even both these are abomination unto the LORD thy God.
. 19  Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury:
  15 - Freedom of slaves This verse says a lot about God's position on slavery.
  17 - Wore or Sodomite Those who practice perversion of the relationship God has reserved for husband and wife.
  18 - Hire The Hebrew word generally means payment for services of a temple prostitute ho0901, mi0107.
  18 - Dog From verse 17, we see that a dog is a male homosexual, although "dog" has a broader meaning re2215. Here the dog is associated with a female prostitute making it clear that "dog" is male homosexual.
  18 - Price of a dog What he receives.
 20  Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury: that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all that thou settest thine hand to in the land whither thou goest to possess it.
 21  When thou shalt vow a vow unto the LORD thy God, thou shalt not slack to pay it: for the LORD thy God will surely require it of thee; and it would be sin in thee.
.22  But if thou shalt forbear to vow, it shall be no sin in thee.
 23  That which is gone out of thy lips thou shalt keep and perform; even a freewill offering, according as thou hast vowed unto the LORD thy God, which thou hast promised with thy mouth.
 24  When thou comest into thy neighbour's vineyard, then thou mayest eat grapes thy fill at thine own pleasure; but thou shalt not put any in thy vessel.
.25  When thou comest into the standing corn of thy neighbour, then thou mayest pluck the ears with thine hand; but thou shalt not move a sickle unto thy neighbour's standing corn.

   23 - Out of lips ... keep Promises are important. We make one every time we use a credit card or sign a lease. We certainly make promises when we are married. When should we break a promise? When we discover that it is in violation of the laws of God. Our higher duty is obedience to Him ac0529.
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