¶ Now concerning the things whereof ye wrote unto me: It is good for
a man not to touch a woman.
.2 Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband.
3 Let the husband render unto the wife due benevolence: and likewise also the wife unto the husband.
4 The wife hath not power of her own body, but the husband: and likewise also the husband hath not power of his own body, but the wife.
| 1 -
Things whereof ye wrote Paul knew what they were but we can only
guess depending on the counsel given.
2 - Wife ... husband Compare 1ti0403.
Defraud ye not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, that
ye may give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again,
that Satan tempt you not for your incontinency.
.6 But I speak this by permission, and not of commandment.
7 For I would that all men were even as I myself. But every man hath his proper gift of God, one after this manner, and another after that.
| 5 -
Tempt See ja0113.
6 - Not of commandment That is, not under divine commission. See 2co1117.
I say therefore to the unmarried and widows, It is good for them if they
abide even as I.
9 But if they cannot contain, let them marry: for it is better to marry than to burn.
10 ¶ And unto the married I command, yet not I, but the Lord, Let not the wife depart from her husband:
11 But and if she depart, let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to her husband: and let not the husband put away his wife.
| 8 -
Widows Literally, from the Greek grammar, "widowers," men who had
lost their wives, although the principle would apply to either a man or
a woman. Virgins are discussed at v25.
8 - Even as I He had no wife. Also v7.
9 - Burn Marriage is better than being unsatisfied, but adultery is not an option ex2014. Also see on mt0527 including the note on the offending hand.
But to the rest speak I, not the Lord: If any brother hath a wife that
believeth not, and she be pleased to dwell with him, let him not put her
13 And the woman which hath an husband that believeth not, and if he be pleased to dwell with her, let her not leave him.
14 For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy.
|14 - Sanctified A person does not become immediately holy when his spouse becomes a Christian but is "sanctified" in two senses. First, the unbeliever's choice does not interfere with the purity of the home. Second, the unbeliever is influenced by his spouse and may be converted v16.|
| 15 But if the unbelieving
depart, let him depart. A brother or a sister is not under bondage in such
cases: but God hath called us to peace.
16 For what knowest thou, O wife, whether thou shalt save thy husband? or how knowest thou, O man, whether thou shalt save thy wife?
17 ¶ But as God hath distributed to every man, as the Lord hath called every one, so let him walk. And so ordain I in all churches.
|15 - Depart An unbeliever is not bound to remain in the marriage.|
Is any man called being circumcised? let him not become uncircumcised.
Is any called in uncircumcision? let him not be circumcised.
19 Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God.
.20 Let every man abide in the same calling wherein he was called.
21 Art thou called being a servant? care not for it: but if thou mayest be made free, use it rather.
22 For he that is called in the Lord, being a servant, is the Lord's freeman: likewise also he that is called, being free, is Christ's servant.
.23 Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men.
24 Brethren, let every man, wherein he is called, therein abide with God.
- Not become uncircumcised A wise plan. See v19 and compare v15.
23 - Bought ... servants Comparing to slaves. See on ro0101. They would not compromise their faith ac0529.
¶ Now concerning virgins I have no commandment of the Lord: yet I
give my judgment, as one that hath obtained mercy of the Lord to be faithful.
26 I suppose therefore that this is good for the present distress, I say, that it is good for a man so to be.
27 Art thou bound unto a wife? seek not to be loosed. Art thou loosed from a wife? seek not a wife.
28 But and if thou marry, thou hast not sinned; and if a virgin marry, she hath not sinned. Nevertheless such shall have trouble in the flesh: but I spare you.
- Mercy ... faithful Paul appeals for confidence in what he is about
26 - For the present distress Rather, "because of ...."
26 - Distress From anaghe which means either "need," 1co0737 or distress, 1th0307; lu2123.
But this I say, brethren, the time is short: it remaineth, that both they
that have wives be as though they had none;
30 And they that weep, as though they wept not; and they that rejoice, as though they rejoiced not; and they that buy, as though they possessed not;
31 And they that use this world, as not abusing it: for the fashion of this world passeth away.
But I would have you without carefulness. He that is unmarried careth for
the things that belong to the Lord, how he may please the Lord:
33 But he that is married careth for the things that are of the world, how he may please his wife.
34 There is difference also between a wife and a virgin. The unmarried woman careth for the things of the Lord, that she may be holy both in body and in spirit: but she that is married careth for the things of the world, how she may please her husband.
35 And this I speak for your own profit; not that I may cast a snare upon you, but for that which is comely, and that ye may attend upon the Lord without distraction.
- Carefulness That is, anxious care. mt0625.
32 - Unmarried careth for They may devote more time in service for the Lord. No hint is given that single people should be shut up in convents and monasteries.
33 - Things of the world That is, secular things. Paul is showing a contrast. We would not interpret this verse to mean that spouse-pleasing takes precedence over service to the Lord.
¶ But if any man think that he behaveth himself uncomely toward his
virgin, if she pass the flower of her age, and need so require, let him
do what he will, he sinneth not: let them marry.
.37 Nevertheless he that standeth stedfast in his heart, having no necessity, but hath power over his own will, and hath so decreed in his heart that he will keep his virgin, doeth well.
38 So then he that giveth her in marriage doeth well; but he that giveth her not in marriage doeth better.
- Behaveth ... toward his virgin Two explanations are given for
the three verses. One is that the father has strong authority over unmarried
daughters. The other pictures a man and his fiancée. The verse says
"let them marry" which would not be a father-daugher relationship. Also,
there is a limit to the authority of parents, especially with older children
37 - Keepeth The father may best be seen here. Single women felt disgraced when unmarried more than they do today. Fathers could keep them in the family.
¶ The wife is bound by the law as long as her husband liveth; but
if her husband be dead, she is at liberty to be married to whom she will;
only in the Lord.
.40 But she is happier if she so abide, after my judgment: and I think also that I have the Spirit of God.
|Bound ... as long as As God intended. See mt1905-9.|