Joshua 23
Joshua's final exhortation
.1 ¶ And it came to pass a long time after that the LORD had given rest unto Israel from all their enemies round about, that Joshua waxed old and stricken in age.
 2  And Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them, I am old and stricken in age:
 3  And ye have seen all that the LORD your God hath done unto all these nations because of you; for the LORD your God is he that hath fought for you.
.4  Behold, I have divided unto you by lot these nations that remain, to be an inheritance for your tribes, from Jordan, with all the nations that I have cut off, even unto the great sea westward.
  1 - Long time Joshua could have been 90. But he lived on jos2429.
  1 - Rest from ... enemies But their job was not done.
  2 - Called for all Israel Four levels of authority are mentioned. We may assume that they would communicate with the others.
 5  And the LORD your God, he shall expel them from before you, and drive them from out of your sight; and ye shall possess their land, as the LORD your God hath promised unto you.   5-11 - Lord ... shall expel "The actual possessions which God had given were a pledge of the complete fulfillment of His promise in giving them the parts of the country still unconcerned. But the accomplishment of the divine promise depended on their inviolable fidelity to God's law--on their keeping resolutely aloof from all familiar intercourse and intimate connections with the Canaanites, or in any way partaking of their idolatrous sins. In the event of their continuing in steadfast adherence to the cause of God, as happily distinguished the nation at that time, His blessing would secure them a course of brilliant and easy victories (Le 26:7; De 28:7; 32:30)." (JFB commentary)
 6  Be ye therefore very courageous to keep and to do all that is written in the book of the law of Moses, that ye turn not aside therefrom to the right hand or to the left;
.7  That ye come not among these nations, these that remain among you; neither make mention of the name of their gods, nor cause to swear by them, neither serve them, nor bow yourselves unto them:
  6 - Courageous The word is better translated "steadfast" or "strong." Of course this is related to courage.
  7 - Mention ... their gods Satan must be resisted on every point. "Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double minded." (James 4:7, 8).
 8  But cleave unto the LORD your God, as ye have done unto this day.
 9  For the LORD hath driven out from before you great nations and strong: but as for you, no man hath been able to stand before you unto this day.
 10  One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.
 See comment above with verse 5.
 11 ¶ Take good heed therefore unto yourselves, that ye love the LORD your God.
 12  Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you:
.13  Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.
 14  And, behold, this day I am going the way of all the earth: and ye know in all your hearts and in all your souls, that not one thing hath failed of all the good things which the LORD your God spake concerning you; all are come to pass unto you, and not one thing hath failed thereof.
  13 - Snares and traps Or "a net and a snare." Compare ex2333, nu3355. The results of being with the evil nations would not, at first, be seen as a snare. This is good advice for us, too. When what we can see and hear is utterly corrupt and we cannot help but be changed by it. This is why we do not watch corrupt programs on the media. It is why we keep our children from corruption.
 15  Therefore it shall come to pass, that as all good things are come upon you, which the LORD your God promised you; so shall the LORD bring upon you all evil things, until he have destroyed you from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.
 16  When ye have transgressed the covenant of the LORD your God, which he commanded you, and have gone and served other gods, and bowed yourselves to them; then shall the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and ye shall perish quickly from off the good land which he hath given unto you.
  16 - When ye have transgressed Even in the early days, they were warned.


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