| 1 ¶ On that
day did the king Ahasuerus give the house of Haman the Jews' enemy unto
Esther the queen. And Mordecai came before the king; for Esther had told
what he was unto her.
.2 And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it unto Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
- House of Haman His possessions. This was a custom.
2 - The Jews' enemy The enemy of God's true end-time people will become clear.
2 - His ring This was a sign of the royal authority. It was used to impress the seal.
3 - Set Mordecai She had received the property of Haman as a trust and could not give it to Haman but in putting him in charge of it, he could use it as his personal residence.
¶ And Esther spake yet again before the king, and fell down at his
feet, and besought him with tears to put away the mischief of Haman the
Agagite, and his device that he had devised against the Jews.
4 Then the king held out the golden sceptre toward Esther. So Esther arose, and stood before the king,
5 And said, If it please the king, and if I have found favour in his sight, and the thing seem right before the king, and I be pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews which are in all the king's provinces:
6 For how can I endure to see the evil that shall come unto my people? or how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred?
- Fell down at This was a way of respect and was not worship
3 - Tears Esther was acting by emotions and certainly by deep concern. Men are naturally softened by women's tears.
6 - How can I endure? Esther had kept her ethnicity and her faith under cover. Now she stands tall. Her commitment had inspired a three-day fast for the role that God was opening for her es0416. Now it would bring freedom to the Jews throughout the kingdom.
| 7 Then the
king Ahasuerus said unto Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, Behold,
I have given Esther the house of Haman, and him they have hanged upon the
gallows, because he laid his hand upon the Jews.
.8 Write ye also for the Jews, as it liketh you, in the king's name, and seal it with the king's ring: for the writing which is written in the king's name, and sealed with the king's ring, may no man reverse.
9 Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.
- As it liketh you Or "as you like it."
9 - Scribes In the Persian government edicts could not be rescinded. The new decree of Mordecai effectively neutralized the earlier one from Haman without changing it.
9 - Third month The year of the decree is uncertain.
9 - This is the longest verse in the Bible.
| 10 And he wrote in the
king Ahasuerus' name, and sealed it with the king's ring, and sent letters
by posts on horseback, and riders on mules, camels, and young dromedaries:
11 Wherein the king granted the Jews which were in every city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay, and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, both little ones and women, and to take the spoil of them for a prey,
|10 - By posts on horseback and ... The Hebrew is obscure but probably is not as translated here. The NASB which follows is similar to the RSV. "... and sent letters by couriers on horses, riding on steeds sired by the royal stud." They were special horses.|
| 12 Upon
one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, namely, upon the thirteenth
day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar.
13 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, and that the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies.
14 So the posts that rode upon mules and camels went out, being hastened and pressed on by the king's commandment. And the decree was given at Shushan the palace.
| 15 ¶ And
Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue
and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen
and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.
16 The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour.
.17 And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.
|17 - Fear of the Jews God often puts fear in the enemies of His people. Compare 2ki1907.|