Jonathan loved David 1
Women praise David more than Saul; Saul tries to kill David 6
Saul afraid; the Lord left him; David acted wisely 12
David agrees to marry Saul's daughter; kills 200 Philistines 22
Saul became David's continual enemy 28
¶ And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul,
that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan
loved him as his own soul.
2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his fatherís house.
.3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
4 And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to David, and his garments, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle.
5 And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saulís servants.
| 1 -
We are not told what speaking this was. Either Jonathan or David could
have spoken. It seems that the bonding between the two young men could
have been influenced by the conversation.
2 - No more to ... house Not a normal action.
3 - Loved him Two people of the same sex may love each other without homosexual unions. In fact, God has made no provision for sexual activity outside of marriage. As someone has said, He did not create Adam and Steve. See ro0126 with context and comment. We may love our children but even consensual sex with them would be the opposite of real love and is extremely offensive to my mind.
4 - Robe Perhaps symbolic of setting David up to take his place as heir to the throne.
¶ And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the
slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel,
singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with
instruments of musick.
7 And the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands.
8 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but thousands: and what can he have more but the kingdom?
9 And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.
|8 - Wroth ... ascribed unto David Saul remembered the Lord's rebuke to him saying that a better man would replace him, and he was resisting 1sa1528.|
And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon
Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with
his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saulís hand.
11 And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.
|10 - Evil spirit from God God does not entice people to sin ja0113. He does permit it, however mt0831f. The Holy Spirit had already withdrawn 1sa1614.|
¶ And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and
was departed from Saul.
13 Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.
14 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the LORD was with him.
15 Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him.
16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.
.17 And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife: only be thou valiant for me, and fight the LORDíS battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines be upon him.
18 And David said unto Saul, Who am I? and what is my life, or my fatherís family in Israel, that I should be son in law to the king?
.19 But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saulís daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife.
.20 And Michal Saulís daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.
21 And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in the one of the twain.
- Saul was afraid It was perhaps a selfish kind of fear.
He sensed that the Lord preferred David. He could have known this from
his own behavior. God does not develop a dislike for us and abandon us
Had Saul forsaken the Lord? No but the Lord allows us to turn to our own
13 - Removed him A selfish move.
14 - Behaved himself wisely Or "was successful" as the form of the Hebrew implies.
17 - Be valiant ... Philistines Saul wouldn't look so bad if someone else killed David.
19 - Meholathite Abel-meholah (birth place of Elijah) was probably east of the Jordan 1ki0412, 1ki1916, jg0722.
20 - Michal We see her again in 2sa0313.
21 - Another translation: And Saul said, I will give her to him, so that she may be a cause of danger to him, and so that the hands of the Philistines may be against him. So Saul said to David, Today you are to become my son-in-law for the second time. (BBE)
And Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with David secretly, and
say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all his servants love thee:
now therefore be the kingís son in law.
23 And Saulís servants spake those words in the ears of David. And David said, Seemeth it to you a light thing to be a kingís son in law, seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed?
24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying, On this manner spake David.
|23 - Servants spake David apparently did not understand the deceptive scheme.|
And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any dowry,
but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the kingís
enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
26 And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the kingís son in law: and the days were not expired.
.27 Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the kingís son in law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.
- Hundred foreskins (from the male organ). "Egyptian reliefs
depict piles of these, cut from fallen foes, brought to the king, and counted
before him as evidence of victory. Saul's proposal was thus in accord with
contemporary pagan custom." (SDABC).
26 - And the days were not expired This clause belongs to the next verse.
27 - Wherefore David arose He took twice the number requested.
And Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David, and that Michal Saulís
daughter loved him.
29 And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul became Davidís enemy continually.
30 Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came to pass, after they went forth, that David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was much set by.
|29 - Enemy Saul's choice fed by pride.|