|1 ¶ And Benhadad the king of Syria gathered all his host together: and there were thirty and two kings with him, and horses, and chariots: and he went up and besieged Samaria, and warred against it.|| 1 -
A powerful king of Syria. We pick up the story of battle after being interrupted
by the wickedness of Ahab.
1 - Thirty-two kings These were from city states under the power of Syria.
| 2 And he sent messengers to
Ahab king of Israel into the city, and said unto him, Thus saith Benhadad,
3 Thy silver and thy gold is mine; thy wives also and thy children, even the goodliest, are mine.
4 And the king of Israel answered and said, My lord, O king, according to thy saying, I am thine, and all that I have.
5 And the messengers came again, and said, Thus speaketh Benhadad, saying, Although I have sent unto thee, saying, Thou shalt deliver me thy silver, and thy gold, and thy wives, and thy children;
6 Yet I will send my servants unto thee to morrow about this time, and they shall search thine house, and the houses of thy servants; and it shall be, that whatsoever is pleasant in thine eyes, they shall put it in their hand, and take it away.
- Ramoth ... Ours It was still in the
hands of Ahab who helped secure it.
6 - Search thine house More insult.
| 7 Then the king of Israel
called all the elders of the land, and said, Mark, I pray you, and see
how this man seeketh mischief: for he sent unto me for my wives, and for
my children, and for my silver, and for my gold; and I denied him not.
8 And all the elders and all the people said unto him, Hearken not unto him, nor consent.
9 Wherefore he said unto the messengers of Benhadad, Tell my lord the king, All that thou didst send for to thy servant at the first I will do: but this thing I may not do. And the messengers departed, and brought him word again.
| 10 And Benhadad sent unto
him, and said, The gods do so unto me, and more also, if the dust of Samaria
shall suffice for handfuls for all the people that follow me.
11 And the king of Israel answered and said, Tell him, Let not him that girdeth on his harness boast himself as he that putteth it off.
12 ¶ And it came to pass, when Benhadad heard this message, as he was drinking, he and the kings in the pavilions, that he said unto his servants, Set yourselves in array. And they set themselves in array against the city.
- Tell him In other words, "Brace yourselves. Here we come."
12 - Set yourselves in array This command from the drunk and indignant king was given in one word simu which means "set" or "form."
12 - Drinking Alcohol defeated this man. Compare pr3104.
| 13 And, behold, there came
a prophet unto Ahab king of Israel, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Hast thou
seen all this great multitude? behold, I will deliver it into thine hand
this day; and thou shalt know that I am the LORD.
14 And Ahab said, By whom? And he said, Thus saith the LORD, Even by the young men of the princes of the provinces. Then he said, Who shall order the battle? And he answered, Thou.
- There came a prophet From the outcome we assume this to
have been a false prophet. Victory sounded good.
14 - The young men According to the direction of the prophet.
| 15 Then he numbered the young
men of the princes of the provinces, and they were two hundred and thirty
two: and after them he numbered all the people, even all the children of
Israel, being seven thousand.
16 And they went out at noon. But Benhadad was drinking himself drunk in the pavilions, he and the kings, the thirty and two kings that helped him.
17 And the young men of the princes of the provinces went out first; and Benhadad sent out, and they told him, saying, There are men come out of Samaria.
18 And he said, Whether they be come out for peace, take them alive; or whether they be come out for war, take them alive.
19 So these young men of the princes of the provinces came out of the city, and the army which followed them.
- The young men Probably not youth as we think of the terms
16 - Out at noon This would have been the time for a rest.
16 - Benhadad ... drunk Not a good situation for sound judgment.
| 20 And they slew every one
his man: and the Syrians fled; and Israel pursued them: and Benhadad the
king of Syria escaped on an horse with the horsemen.
.21 And the king of Israel went out, and smote the horses and chariots, and slew the Syrians with a great slaughter.
|21 - King ... smote See on 1sa1305.|
¶ And the prophet came to the king of Israel, and said unto him, Go,
strengthen thyself, and mark, and see what thou doest: for at the return
of the year the king of Syria will come up against thee.
23 And the servants of the king of Syria said unto him, Their gods are gods of the hills; therefore they were stronger than we; but let us fight against them in the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they.
24 And do this thing, Take the kings away, every man out of his place, and put captains in their rooms:
25 And number thee an army, like the army that thou hast lost, horse for horse, and chariot for chariot: and we will fight against them in the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they. And he hearkened unto their voice, and did so.
- Prophet came We saw him earlier assuring Ahab of victory.
22 - Return of the year The civil year began in the spring. That was the popular time for battles 2sa1101.
"Approving of these ecommendations, Ben-hadad renewed his invasion of Israel the next spring by the siege of Aphek in the valley of Jezreel (compare 1Sa 29:1 ...), not far from En-dor." (JFB).
And it came to pass at the return of the year, that Benhadad numbered the
Syrians, and went up to Aphek, to fight against Israel.
27 And the children of Israel were numbered, and were all present, and went against them: and the children of Israel pitched before them like two little flocks of kids; but the Syrians filled the country.
| 28 And there came a man of
God, and spake unto the king of Israel, and said, Thus saith the LORD,
Because the Syrians have said, The LORD is God of the hills, but he is
not God of the valleys, therefore will I deliver all this great multitude
into thine hand, and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
29 And they pitched one over against the other seven days. And so it was, that in the seventh day the battle was joined: and the children of Israel slew of the Syrians an hundred thousand footmen in one day.
30 But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and there a wall fell upon twenty and seven thousand of the men that were left. And Benhadad fled, and came into the city, into an inner chamber.
| 31 ¶ And his servants
said unto him, Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of
Israel are merciful kings: let us, I pray thee, put sackcloth on our loins,
and ropes upon our heads, and go out to the king of Israel: peradventure
he will save thy life.
32 So they girded sackcloth on their loins, and put ropes on their heads, and came to the king of Israel, and said, Thy servant Benhadad saith, I pray thee, let me live. And he said, Is he yet alive? he is my brother.
.33 Now the men did diligently observe whether any thing would come from him, and did hastily catch it: and they said, Thy brother Benhadad. Then he said, Go ye, bring him. Then Benhadad came forth to him; and he caused him to come up into the chariot.
34 And Benhadad said unto him, The cities, which my father took from thy father, I will restore; and thou shalt make streets for thee in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria. Then said Ahab, I will send thee away with this covenant. So he made a covenant with him, and sent him away.
Observe The word could be "enchant." They were using satanic
methods to determine how to react. Note the RSV translation.
33 Now the men were watching for an omen, and they quickly took it up from him and said, "Yes, your brother Benhadad...."
And a certain man of the sons of the prophets said unto his neighbour in
the word of the LORD, Smite me, I pray thee. And the man refused to smite
36 Then said he unto him, Because thou hast not obeyed the voice of the LORD, behold, as soon as thou art departed from me, a lion shall slay thee. And as soon as he was departed from him, a lion found him, and slew him.
37 Then he found another man, and said, Smite me, I pray thee. And the man smote him, so that in smiting he wounded him.
| 38 So the prophet departed,
and waited for the king by the way, and disguised himself with ashes upon
39 And as the king passed by, he cried unto the king: and he said, Thy servant went out into the midst of the battle; and, behold, a man turned aside, and brought a man unto me, and said, Keep this man: if by any means he be missing, then shall thy life be for his life, or else thou shalt pay a talent of silver.
40 And as thy servant was busy here and there, he was gone. And the king of Israel said unto him, So shall thy judgment be; thyself hast decided it.
41 And he hasted, and took the ashes away from his face; and the king of Israel discerned him that he was of the prophets.
|40 - Thy judgment A simple answer for Ahab who did not know he was announcing his own doom. Compare 2sa1201ff.|
And he said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Because thou hast let go out
of thy hand a man whom I appointed to utter destruction, therefore thy
life shall go for his life, and thy people for his people.
43 And the king of Israel went to his house heavy and displeased, and came to Samaria.
- Thou hast let go The Lord had planned that Ahab slay the
wicked king, but Ahab himself was wicked and deserved the fate.
43 - Heavy displeased But showing no sorrow for his sin.