1 Kings 13

Prophecy that Josiah would kill the wicked priests 1
Jeroboam healed; his invitation refused 6
The old, false prophet 11
The man of God killed by a lion 23
The man of God buried 27
Jeroboam refused to repent 33
.1 ¶ And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by the word of the LORD unto Bethel: and Jeroboam stood by the altar to burn incense. 
.2 And he cried against the altar in the word of the LORD, and said, O altar, altar, thus saith the LORD; Behold, a child shall be born unto the house of David, Josiah by name; and upon thee shall he offer the priests of the high places that burn incense upon thee, and men's bones shall be burnt upon thee.
 3 And he gave a sign the same day, saying, This is the sign which the LORD hath spoken; Behold, the altar shall be rent, and the ashes that are upon it shall be poured out.
 4 And it came to pass, when king Jeroboam heard the saying of the man of God, which had cried against the altar in Bethel, that he put forth his hand from the altar, saying, Lay hold on him. And his hand, which he put forth against him, dried up, so that he could not pull it in again to him.
 5 The altar also was rent, and the ashes poured out from the altar, according to the sign which the man of God had given by the word of the LORD.
   1 - Jeroboam ... burn incense This was in a counterfeit temple. See 1ki1231. Compare a similar experience of Uzziah is0601. The name of the "man of God" is not known.
  2 - Josiah by name The Lord was rarely so specific. Compare the prediction about Cyrus is4428, is4501.
  2 - Offer the priests ... high places These were not priests of God. The fulfillment is recorded in 2ki2315.
  3 - Altar ... rent Or "torn." It was a false altar.
.6 And the king answered and said unto the man of God, Intreat now the face of the LORD thy God, and pray for me, that my hand may be restored me again. And the man of God besought the LORD, and the king's hand was restored him again, and became as it was before. 
 7 And the king said unto the man of God, Come home with me, and refresh thyself, and I will give thee a reward.
  6 - Pray for me His pride was brought down. The Lord was giving Jeroboam an opportunity to repent and to bring his kingdom into harmony with heaven.
 8 And the man of God said unto the king, If thou wilt give me half thine house, I will not go in with thee, neither will I eat bread nor drink water in this place:
.9 For so was it charged me by the word of the LORD, saying, Eat no bread, nor drink water, nor turn again by the same way that thou camest.
 10 So he went another way, and returned not by the way that he came to Bethel.
  8 - I will not go The prophet's favors were to come only from God. Today campaign gifts make politicians feel indebted to their donors which often cheat the people. Compare the offer of Naaman 2ki0515.
.11 ¶ Now there dwelt an old prophet in Bethel; and his sons came and told him all the works that the man of God had done that day in Bethel: the words which he had spoken unto the king, them they told also to their father.
 12 And their father said unto them, What way went he? For his sons had seen what way the man of God went, which came from Judah.
 13 And he said unto his sons, Saddle me the ass. So they saddled him the ass: and he rode thereon,
.14 And went after the man of God, and found him sitting under an oak: and he said unto him, Art thou the man of God that camest from Judah? And he said, I am.
  11 - Old prophet But a false old prophet.
 15 Then he said unto him, Come home with me, and eat bread.
 16 And he said, I may not return with thee, nor go in with thee: neither will I eat bread nor drink water with thee in this place:
 17 For it was said to me by the word of the LORD, Thou shalt eat no bread nor drink water there, nor turn again to go by the way that thou camest.
  15 - Come ... eat bread The king had extended the same invitation which the prophet had declared to be against the will of God See v9.
 18 He said unto him, I am a prophet also as thou art; and an angel spake unto me by the word of the LORD, saying, Bring him back with thee into thine house, that he may eat bread and drink water. But he lied unto him.
 19 So he went back with him, and did eat bread in his house, and drank water.
 20 And it came to pass, as they sat at the table, that the word of the LORD came unto the prophet that brought him back:
 21 And he cried unto the man of God that came from Judah, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Forasmuch as thou hast disobeyed the mouth of the LORD, and hast not kept the commandment which the LORD thy God commanded thee,
 22 But camest back, and hast eaten bread and drunk water in the place, of the which the LORD did say to thee, Eat no bread, and drink no water; thy carcase shall not come unto the sepulchre of thy fathers.
 18 - I am a prophet also Not a prophet of God, however and the angels was apparently an evil one. The true prophet had ample evidence. Maybe he was hungry.
  20 - Word of the Lord The Lord responded by a message through the false prophet. This was serious evidence that the Lord's prophet could not be trusted.
.23 ¶ And it came to pass, after he had eaten bread, and after he had drunk, that he saddled for him the ass, to wit, for the prophet whom he had brought back.
 24 And when he was gone, a lion met him by the way, and slew him: and his carcase was cast in the way, and the ass stood by it, the lion also stood by the carcase.
 25 And, behold, men passed by, and saw the carcase cast in the way, and the lion standing by the carcase: and they came and told it in the city where the old prophet dwelt.
 26 And when the prophet that brought him back from the way heard thereof, he said, It is the man of God, who was disobedient unto the word of the LORD: therefore the LORD hath delivered him unto the lion, which hath torn him, and slain him, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake unto him.
  24 - Lion ... slew him "There was a wood near Beth-el infested with lions (2Ki 2:24). This sad catastrophe was a severe but necessary judgment of God, to attest the truth of the message with which the prophet had been charged. All the circumstances of this tragic occurrence (the undevoured carcass, the untouched ass, the passengers unmolested by the lion, though standing there) were calculated to produce an irresistible impression that the hand of God was in it." (JFB commentary)
.27 And he spake to his sons, saying, Saddle me the ass. And they saddled him.
 28 And he went and found his carcase cast in the way, and the ass and the lion standing by the carcase: the lion had not eaten the carcase, nor torn the ass. 
 29 And the prophet took up the carcase of the man of God, and laid it upon the ass, and brought it back: and the old prophet came to the city, to mourn and to bury him.
 30 And he laid his carcase in his own grave; and they mourned over him, saying, Alas, my brother!
 31 And it came to pass, after he had buried him, that he spake to his sons, saying, When I am dead, then bury me in the sepulchre wherein the man of God is buried; lay my bones beside his bones:
 32 For the saying which he cried by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel, and against all the houses of the high places which are in the cities of Samaria, shall surely come to pass.
  30 - Carcase Or "corpse." The bones of the two prophets were found by Josiah when he defiled the altar at Bethel. He burned human bones from graves but did not bother the bones of the two prophets. (2ki2317,18)
.33 After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made again of the lowest of the people priests of the high places: whosoever would, he consecrated him, and he became one of the priests of the high places. 
 34 And this thing became sin unto the house of Jeroboam, even to cut it off, and to destroy it from off the face of the earth.
  33 - Jeroboam returned not ... evil "There is something exceedingly obstinate and perverse, as well as blinding and infatuating, in idolatry. The prediction lately delivered at Beth-el, and the miracles wrought in confirmation of it, were surely sufficient to have affected and alarmed any heart, not wholly and incorrigibly hardened; and yet they had no effect on Jeroboam!" (Clarke)

Kings home
Commentary home