Luke 14

Sabbath healing challenges lawyers and Pharisees 1
The last shall be first and first last 7
Supper in the kingdom of God 15
Leaving all to follow Christ 25
Cost to be considered in building or entering war 28
Salt without flavor 34
Text
Comments
.1 ¶ And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him.
 2  And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy.
 3  And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day?
 4  And they held their peace. And he took him, and healed him, and let him go;
  1 - Eat bread ... sabbath Eating bread was an idiom for dining. Food eaten on Sabbath may have been cold because they would not have made fires or prepared the food on the Sabbath ex1623, ex3503.
  1 - They watched Him Jesus took this opportunity to share truth with the Pharisees. In general they rejected it, but some like Nicodemus, no doubt remembered the series of parables which follow and turned their hearts to their Messiah. Spies were likely present trying to find reason to accuse Him lu1154, lu0607.
  2 - Dropsy From Greek, hudor, meaning "water." Perhaps what we call edema, a condition of fluid retention.
  3 - Answering They had not asked a question but Jesus responded to the thoughts of those watching.
  4 - Held their peace That is, remained silent. Other occasions noted by Luke are at lu2026, ac1512, ac2202.
  4 - Took him ... healed ... let He was apparently under the constraint of the lawyers and Pharisees. Jesus took hold of him according to the Greek. What a beautiful picture! Jesus takes us from the bondage of sin, gives us strength to be overcomers, and sets us free!
.5  And answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day?
 6  And they could not answer him again to these things.
  5 - Sabbath Jesus did not here or ever change the requirement of treating the Seventh day Sabbath as holy time. The Jews would not have been guilty for relieving the suffering of their animals on the Sabbath and how much more proper was it to relieve a fellow human. They had it backwards. They would free the animal to avoid losing money but would allow the sick man to suffer just to satisfy their own bigotry. God had even required that animals be given rest on the Sabbath ex2010.
  6 - They could not answer They had no defense.
.7 ¶ And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them,
 8  When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him;
 9  And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room.
 10  But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee.
.11  For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
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  11 - Whosoever exalteth This is a principle of the life of our Lord and an example for us. pr1618.
 12  Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor thy rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompence be made thee.
.13  But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind:
.14  And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.
  14 - Recompensed at the resurrection This is the celebration in heaven re1907.
The great banquet. Luke 14:15-24; Compare Matt. 22:1-14.
.15 ¶ And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
 16  Then said he unto him, A certain man made a great supper, and bade many:
.17  And sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready.
  15 - One of them that sat See v1 for the circumstances.
  15 - Blessed Or "happy." An attempt to change the conversation. Eating bread in the kingdom would refer to heaven. is2506, lu1329. Compare mt0502, mr0314, lu0419. The Pharisee felt that his place in the kingdom was assured.
  16 - Bade many The Jewish people were invited. They probably didn't think anyone else would be invited. The story of Matthew 22 was similar but on a different occassion.
  17 - Sent his servant Jesus had come to give the invitation da0927a, lu0172, mt1128.
.18  And they all with one consent began to make excuse. The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it: I pray thee have me excused.
 19  And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them: I pray thee have me excused.
 20  And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
  18 - Make excuse They weren't really interested in the king or the feast. They wanted life as it was.
  20 - Cannot come This guy didn't even have the courtesy to request to be excused.
 21  So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.
.22  And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
 23  And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
 24  For I say unto you, That none of those men which were bidden shall taste of my supper.
  21 - Master ... angry God doesn't get angry as we think of it but in fairness rewards us according to what we deserve.
  21 - Go ... into the streets This reflects the advice Jesus' listeners didn't appreciate v13.
  22 - Yet there is room See is4518.
  23 - Into the highways and hedges This is the third group. The first two were from the city which we may see symbolically as Jerusalem. The third group was not from the city. God didn't love the Jews more than others but had given them truth first and hence placed them under responsibility to invite others to the kingdom of God.
  24 - None ... taste Those who made excuses lost everything. A lesson for all of us. By God's grace, we are saved. 
.25 ¶ And there went great multitudes with him: and he turned, and said unto them,
 26  If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.
 27  And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.
  26 - Hate Was Jesus saying that we should hold a bitter feeling a desire for revenge toward our relatives? No See jn1926, 1jo0315. The statement here is an order to place Christ first.. v18ff. No earthly tie should separate us from Christ. 
.28  For which of you, intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, whether he have sufficient to finish it?
 29  Lest haply, after he hath laid the foundation, and is not able to finish it, all that behold it begin to mock him,
 30  Saying, This man began to build, and was not able to finish.
 31  Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand?
 32  Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an ambassage, and desireth conditions of peace.
 33  So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.
  - Being a disciple of Christ has a price he1124-6, mt1128-30, mr1021, lu0923. Jesus calls us to a full commitment. We then find that we are trading trash for treasure!
.34  Salt is good: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be seasoned?
 35  It is neither fit for the land, nor yet for the dunghill; but men cast it out. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
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